Amendments to the constitution were overwhelmingly passed, and Putin borrowed another 16 years from the sky, can you return a strong Russia?
Dongfang.com News reporter Shan Shan
“With my accumulated experience in the past, if the amendment is not passed, in two years, all levels in Russia Officials will disrupt their work rhythm, and they will spend a lot of time on the matter of finding a possible successor to the president.”
On June 24th, a Russian political show”Moscow Kremlin” Gong · In Putin“, Putin was outspoken about the constitutional amendment.
On July 2nd, the Russian Central Election Commission completed a 99.9%vote count result, showing that 77.93%of voters voted for the constitutional amendment and 21.26%opposed it.
This overwhelming victory, I am afraid, has already put Putin’s concerns to half.
Let’s borrow another 16 years
Russia’s current 1993 constitution has had three amendments, but they are all “fragmented” in scale. However, this constitutional amendment touched almost 60%of the provisions, plus the new provisions, involving more than 62%, amending the constitution can be described as”major”.
Russian media”Gazette” commented that Russia will produce a new constitution with a distinctive”Putin era” imprint, fundamentally changing the state power structure.
Previously, the time for the Russian head of state to be in office was limited to two 6 years. One of the most noticeable points in this proposal for amending the constitution is to zero the number of terms of office of the president.
This means that 67-year-old Putin will be able to continue to run in 2024 and remain in office until 2036 after being elected. Putin has also stated before that he”does not rule out” the possibility of running for president again when the constitutional amendment is passed.
The amendment also stipulates that the age of becoming the president of Russia cannot be less than 35 years old, and the living time in the country cannot be less than 25 years.
In addition, when the presidency expires or is terminated early, he will be given the right to be a permanent member of the Russian Federal Council. Even if the President terminates his exercise of power, he should have the right to inviolability and enjoy legal protection for personal safety. These provisions are raised to the height of the Constitution to be guaranteed.
for Putin Pre-judgment of term of office, Renmin University of China-St. Petersburg State University Wang Xianju, deputy director of the Russian Research Center, said to Dongfang.com. The Constitution only gives Putin the right to continue to run in 2024. From health factors, to the cultivation of talents, to changes in the situation at home and abroad, it is not yet known whether Putin will choose”one stop to the end”.
Wang Xianju pointed out that Putin will not rule out that Kazakhstan’s”first president” Nazarbayev will follow the model and train his successor to retreat to the second line.
Last year, data from the independent Russian polling agency”Levada” showed that 54%of Russians hope Putin will stay in at least 2030, and 38%want him to leave office four years later.
The decentralization of presidential power has little effect on Putin
Besides the issue of the prestigious presidential term, the amendments to the constitution mainly include:
I. Reform of power distribution:strengthen the power of the State Duma in the formation of government cabinets; empower the Federal Council (upper house of parliament) to appoint the president and judge of the Supreme Court; prohibit senior officials from holding dual nationality or long-term foreign residence permits; Clarify the status of the Federal Council of State.
Russia’s “Gazette” stated that the design of decentralization aims to establish a new system of checks and balances. Wang Xianju said that the United Russia Party (United Russia Party) is still the largest party in the Duma, and strengthening the Duma’s influence means unifying Russia The party’s decision-making power on major issues has improved. Therefore, part of the presidential power is assigned to parliament, and Putin itself will not have a great impact.
According to previous speculations from Russia’s Kommersant, if he no longer ran for election in 2024, Putin would lead the unified Russian party, or transfer to the State Council or the National Security Council.
II. strengthening national Protection of sovereignty and territorial integrity:The Constitution clearly states that Russia has the status of a legal successor to the Soviet Union, and it is not allowed to cede the territory of the Russian Federation. This will permanently eliminate the attribution problem of the”Southern Thousand Islands” (Japanese”Northern Four Islands”). In addition, the Russian Constitution will take precedence over international treaties and other bills.
Russian mainstream public opinion believes that this fully shows that Russia’s politics and diplomacy will continue to stand on the international stage with a strong stance, but this does not mean that Russia completely ignores the rules of international law.
According to Wang Xianju, who has worked in Moscow for 10 years, the Western criticism of Russia’s constitutional amendment is not as strong as expected. First of all, Russia is no longer the first target of the West’s vigilance. Second, under the combined punch of sanctions and criticism, the West has very few cards to play against Russia.
Three. Safeguarding people’s livelihood:The amendment explains the concept of “social state” and determines that the minimum wages should not be lower than the minimum standard of living, and that various social payments to pensions and residents must be implemented Index system.
The Constitution also adds provisions to provide social protection for disabled citizens. In addition, it is the responsibility of the state to care about the elderly as a separate provision.
Russian media The analysis believes that this has given the people a sense of security and confidence during the extraordinary period, especially the introduction of the index system, which shows that the country has noticed the impact of inflation on the residents’ welfare system.
The Constitution also clearly defines the gender of marriage, that is,”marriage is a combination of men and women, not others.” This excludes the possibility that homosexuality can become a legal marriage in Russia.
The opposition voices are”surprisingly few”
In order to ensure the smooth referendum on the constitutional amendment, the Russian government allocated 14.8 billion rubles from the federal budget Used for voting on national constitutional amendments.
The total population of Russia exceeds 140 million. The Central Electoral Commission has more than 96,500 polling stations in Russia, and more than 250 overseas polling stations in 144 countries and regions around the world to ensure repairs. The referendum on the constitution radiates the people who have the right to vote to the greatest extent. To this end, the Russian government has also introduced electronic remote voting.
Even with a support rate close to 80%, there is inevitably opposition in Russia. However, Russia Today reported that the Kremlin’s main opponents were “surprisingly” silent in this referendum.
Russian Communist Party leader Gyuganov previously opposed Putin, saying the amendment was”disappointing and frustrating.” Opposition leader Alexei Navalny condemned the referendum to amend the constitution as”a coup” and”a violation of the constitution” and criticized Putin’s desire to”rule for life.”
nal Varney expressed as new outbreaks crown The opposition party will not protest for the time being, but if its candidates are prohibited from participating in regional elections or the election results are tampered with, they will conduct a large-scale protest in the fall.
“The headlines in the US and British media predicting that Russia will soon collapse will continue to appear. For more than 20 years, they have been wrong, and in the next 20 years, they will also be wrong.” Russia Today Said.