Russia’s referendum on amending the constitution was successful, Putin may be re-elected for another 12 years until 2036, some young people in Russia have only seen this leader
Author|Siqi Editor|Duan Wen
The one-week referendum on the Russian Constitution Amendment finally ended on July 1 local time and announced the results-the overwhelming support for the amendment to the Constitution won overwhelmingly , So as to remove obstacles for Putin to continue in power until 2036.
According to the data from the Information Center of the Russian Central Election Commission, 77.93%of the Russian referendum voted for the passage of the constitutional amendment in the referendum, 21.26%opposed it, and the turnout was 65%. The constitutional amendments include lifting the term of the president; strengthening the power of the State Duma in the formation of government cabinets; giving the Federal Council (the upper house of parliament) the power to appoint the president and judges of the Supreme Court; prohibiting senior officials from holding dual citizenship or long-term foreign residence permits; Same-sex marriage; and a series of social livelihood issues, including raising pensions, setting minimum wages, and many more.
However, the core issue in this amendment is to pave the way for Putin’s presidency to expire after 2024. At that time, Putin, 67, can be re-elected in 2024 and continue to rule until 2036, when he will be 84 years old, and will also be the longest-ruling leader in Russia.
-h1 class=”h-arrow” right”>Maximum Constitution Revision
The referendum on constitution revision is Russia’s largest constitutional reform since the disintegration of the Soviet Union. There are three amendments to the current 1993 Constitution of Russia, but all of them are”34″. This amendment is the largest in scope since the 1993 constitution was implemented. The amendments touched almost 60%of the clauses. With the addition of clauses, about 200 amendments are grouped together, involving more than 62%of the amendments. &34;. The Russian”Gazette” commented that if the constitutional amendment is passed, Russia will have a new constitution with a distinctive”34 Putin era” mark, fundamentally changing the state power structure.
On January 15 this year, Putin proposed to amend the Constitution when he issued the State of the Union Address to the two houses of the Russian Parliament, which aroused the attention of the international community. At the same time, Medvedev was dismissed as Prime Minister and Mishustin replaced him, and appointed Medvedev as Vice Chairman of the Security Council of the Russian Federation. On January 20, Putin submitted a draft constitutional amendment to the Russian State Duma. On March 11, local time, the Russian State Duma (lower house of parliament) and the Russian Federation Council (upper house of parliament) voted to adopt the draft constitutional amendment.
An analysis pointed out that the Russian parliament quickly passed a constitutional amendment. In principle, the amendment came into force after Putin signed it. But Putin emphasized that the new constitution should also receive the support of the Russian people. The referendum was originally scheduled for April 22, but was delayed due to the epidemic.
The blockade measures to prevent and control the epidemic in recent months and the low oil prices have put the Russian economy at risk of recession, which has put Putin’s support rate down sharply. According to data from the Moscow-based research institute Levada Center, in April Putin’s approval rating fell to 59%, the lowest level since 1999. All these put the Putin government under pressure to arrange a referendum as soon as possible.
Before the referendum began, Russia’s new crown epidemic continued to spread at a rate of about 7,000 new cases per day. As of July 2, Russia’s cumulative number of confirmed cases in the world was third, with more than 660,000 deaths. 9683 cases. Based on the epidemic situation and the safety considerations of the residents, the voting is finally scheduled from June 25 to July 1, and will be conducted in a combination of electronic voting and on-site voting.
According to Reuters reports, in order to encourage people to participate in the voting, there is also a lottery to attract voters near the polling station. Voters have the opportunity to win a car or an apartment. In addition, the Moscow city government also distributed 2 million gift certificates to voters by way of lottery. The winners can be consumed in Moscow stores before the end of this year, covering 3,000 stores.
Putin called on the public to vote vigorously. &34; Please express your views. Every vote is very important to us. Only through solidarity, development and self-reliance can we guarantee a stable, safe, prosperous and decent life. &34; He also pointed out that the vote was &34; the performance of patriotism &34; and stressed that the amendment of the constitution will only take effect if the people agree.
However, many people criticized this referendum for bringing together 200 amendments, and the voter’s choice is only for or against, and it is impossible to separate the different terms. This voting method is considered to be a”34 trap” to modify the presidency, making it impossible to answer.
Feng Yujun, director of the Center for Russian Central Asian Studies at Fudan University, pointed out that the key factor for the Russian authorities to hold a vote is that Russia is a country with a constitutional system. The right to express opinions on issues. However, if Putin wants the constitution to be approved by the people and obtain legitimacy, it must also meet these requirements in form.
On July 1, Putin went to the polling station to vote and did not wear a mask at all times. The Russian President’s press secretary Dmitry Peskov also explained that it was not because the president ignored the security measures, &34; It is because the President fully trusts the health and epidemic prevention measures taken at each polling station. &34;
The result of the big victory cleared the last obstacle for Putin to achieve his re-election goal. If he is to be re-elected in 2024, Putin will break Stalin’s 30-year history of ruling and become the most ruling time in modern Russian history. Long leader.
However, Feng Yujun pointed out that Putin’s long-term ruling may bring long-term economic stagnation and solidification of the country’s governance. &34; If Putin continues to seek re-election after 2024, in the short term, he can avoid the openness of differences between different interest groups. There is still a recognized leader who will allow Russia to remain temporarily stable under the rapid changes in the domestic and international situation. But in the long run, the long-term governance of a person and the solidification of the entire ruling team will bring greater obstacles to Russia’s future development and make Russia more lagging behind the development of the world. &34;
After the voting results were released, opposition leader Alexei Navalny disagreed with the voting results. He believed that the vote was designed to legitimize the tenure of the president for life. He also stated in a video to his supporters that &34; we will never admit this result. &34; Navalny pointed out that due to the new crown epidemic, the opposition party will not protest for the time being, but if its candidates are prohibited from participating in regional elections or the election results are tampered with, they will conduct large-scale protests in the fall.
The road to ruling in the future is not smooth
Putin was elected president for the first time in 2000 and was re-elected in 2004. In 2008, due to the restrictions on the presidential term of the Russian Constitution, Putin was unable to continue to run for election. At that time, the first deputy prime minister Medvedev was designated by Putin as the presidential successor, and Medvedev nominated Putin as prime minister. At the end of 2008, the term of the President of the Russian Federation was extended from 4 years to 6 years through the revision of the Constitution, and the next President will take effect. In the 2012 presidential election, Putin was re-elected and began his third presidential career. Medvedev was re-appointed as prime minister.
Li, Director of the Eurasian Institute of Shanghai Institute of Political Science and Law Newly stated that &34; Putin returned to the position of president again in the 2012 presidential election, which caused a national parade. Many young people in Russia have stated that they have only seen the face of the President of Putin since their birth. &34;
When Putin took office in 2000, Russia’s economy was on the verge of collapse. Putin said in his inauguration speech,”34 Give me 20 years and give you a miraculous Russia.” &34; The people cheered and wept with excitement. Since then, Putin has used Russia’s energy advantages to try to boost the economy. Raw material exports once brought a moment of glory to the Russian economy. However, due to its heavy dependence on energy, at present 70%of Russia’s industrial output still comes from the energy sector, and economic diversification has not been achieved. The simplification of the economy has led to a very low risk resistance of the Russian economy. With the decline in raw material and energy prices and oversupply, the Russian economy gradually declined after 2010, and the total economic volume fell out of the top ten in the world.
The Crimean crisis in 2014 made Russia mired in trouble. Putin’s actions in Crimea’s pockets incurred economic sanctions in the United States and Europe, which worsened the Russian economy and even affected and Normal personnel exchanges in the West.
The Wall Street Journal said that from Syria to the Arctic, Putin will try to expand Russia’s influence. In recent years, Putin has made great strides, not only involved in Libya, Venezuela and Ukraine, but also has differences with the United States on arms control and restrictions on Iran’s nuclear program; economically, Russia has begun to export natural gas to China, and is still building Europe’s new natural gas pipeline &34; Beixi-2&34; project; Russia has also launched a series of new weapons in recent years and continues to make large-scale investments in the military.