2020-07-16

Scientists have discovered that the most edible black hole, one sun a day, has a mass of 34 billion times that of the sun

By yqqlm yqqlm

Black holes are the most mysterious objects in the universe. More than 100 years ago, Einstein proposed the famous general theory of relativity. Soon after the general theory of relativity was proposed, some scientists predicted the existence of black holes based on general theory of relativity.

Scientists believe that the gravity of a black hole is so strong that light cannot escape its gravity in the field of vision. Therefore, we cannot see the black hole itself. Because of this, black holes have become the most difficult and mysterious objects in the universe.

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black hole

On April 10, 2019, scientists released the first A photo of a black hole. This caused quite a stir at the time. The first black hole photographed by humans is located in the center of an elliptical galaxy M85 in Virgo. It is about 55 million light-years away from the earth, and its mass is about 6.5 billion times that of the sun.

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Black hole in the center of the M85 galaxy

How are black holes generated? Simply put, black holes are caused by the gravitational collapse of some very massive stars after death. At the end of life of these massive stars, the internal nuclear fusion reaction stops, and the material at the core of the star shrinks rapidly under the influence of its own gravity. Due to the very large mass of these star cores, this process will continue indefinitely. Eventually, all matter at the core of the star is crushed into powder by strong gravity.

The density of matter in a black hole is so great that we cannot imagine it. Scientists believe that if our earth becomes a black hole, it will be as big as a soybean.

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Black Hole

There is also a supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way. This black hole is called Sagittarius A. Its mass is 4.3 million times that of the sun. The most massive star R136a1 discovered by scientists in the universe is 256 times to 315 times the mass of the sun. Therefore, the Milky Way supermassive black hole Sagittarius A mass is also large, we can’t imagine.

Since black holes are evolved from a large number of mass stars, why is the mass of black holes so large? This is because a black hole is a person who blocks and kills, and Buddha blocks and kills the Buddha. The black hole will constantly engulf everything around it. In this way, the quality of black holes will become larger and larger. Black holes are constantly growing.

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Black hole that engulfs the stars

In 2018, scientists from the Australian National University A crazy black hole was found in the universe. This black hole is about 12 billion light-years away from the earth. It is currently the most massive black hole discovered by humans. At the same time, it is also known as the fastest growing black hole and the brightest quasar. Scientists named this black hole J2157-3602 also known as Brock’s black hole.

What is the mass of this black hole? The mass of this black hole is 34 billion times that of the sun. Its mass is 5.2 times greater than the black hole in the center of the elliptical galaxy M85 we mentioned earlier, and 7900 times greater than the supermassive black hole Sagittarius A in the center of the Milky Way.

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quasar

Imagine that the quality of the black hole J2157 is really The big one is terrible. Scientists found the &34;feeding&34; of this black hole is amazing. It can swallow material equivalent to the mass of a sun in one day. Scientists believe that if this huge black hole is placed in the center of the galaxy, two-thirds of the stars in the galaxy will be swallowed by it. This is really terrible. If so, the sun and the earth would have been swallowed by it.

This huge black hole is also the brightest quasar discovered so far. Its brightness is 690 trillion times that of the sun. If we put it in the center of the galaxy, we see it on the earth is 10 times brighter than the full moon. Isn’t the black hole invisible? Why is it so bright? This is because black holes can emit X-rays and ultraviolet rays and huge energy. Because of this, scientists discovered it from the telescope and it looked very bright.

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quasars caused by massive black holes

The universe is full of too Many celestial bodies that we cannot imagine. Fortunately, a black hole of such great quality is very far away from us. Otherwise, in the face of a black hole that can swallow a mass of sun in a day, what does the earth and humans count? Maybe it will die in an instant.

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