Summer grain output hits new high
Newspaper, Beijing, July 15 (Reporter Lu Yanan) The National Bureau of Statistics announced on July 15:The total output of summer grain in the country will be 142.81 million tons (285.6 billion catties) in 2020, an increase of 1.208 million tons from 2019 ( 2.42 billion catties), an increase of 0.9%. Among them, the wheat output was 1.3168 million tons (263.4 billion catties), an increase of 756,000 tons (1.51 billion catties) from 2019, an increase of 0.6%. Not only has the country’s summer grain production achieved another bumper harvest, but its output has reached a record high.
“Summer crop production in 2020 has achieved another bumper harvest, laying the foundation for stabilizing grain production throughout the year, enhancing confidence for the continued solidity of the”six stabilization” work and the full implementation of the”six guarantees” task, for a decisive victory All-round well-off, decisive battle and poverty alleviation will further strengthen the foundation.” Li Suoqiang, director of the Rural Department of the National Bureau of Statistics, said.
According to reports, the planting area of summer grain nationwide will be 26172 thousand hectares in 2020, a decrease of 181.6 thousand hectares compared with 2019, a decrease of 0.7%. Among them, the wheat planting area was 22,711 thousand hectares, a decrease of 273.5 thousand hectares compared with 2019, a decrease of 1.2%.
There are two main reasons for the reduction of summer grain planting area:First, the structural reform on the agricultural supply side has been further deepened, and the adjustment of the planting structure for autumn and winter planting has been optimized. Affected by factors such as market demand and planting efficiency, some major summer grain production areas actively expanded economic crops such as vegetables and rapeseed, and appropriately adjusted the wheat planting area. Second, the North China Plain seasonal fallow system of groundwater over-exploitation area was promoted and implemented, and relevant areas actively adjusted to reduce the wheat planting area. In order to further improve the quality of cultivated land and promote the implementation of the strategy of storing grain on land, in recent years, my country has combined seasonal fallow systems with comprehensive management of groundwater over-exploitation in some areas of the North China Plain, and has implemented a”one-season fallow, one-season planting” planting model. For example, 47 counties (cities) in Langfang, Baoding, Handan, and Xiong’an New Districts in the groundwater over-exploitation area of Hebei Province organized the implementation of seasonal fallowing and restrictive harvesting measures, and the winter wheat planting area decreased more.
Although the sown area of summer grain is slightly reduced in 2020, the increase in yield has supported the summer grain harvest and increased production. According to reports, this year’s national grain production per unit area was 5456.5 kg/ha, an increase of 83.4 kg/ha over 2019, an increase of 1.6%. Among them, the yield per unit area of wheat is 5798.0 kg/ha, an increase of 101.9 kg/ha over 2019, an increase of 1.8%.
“People’s Daily” (July 16, 2020 version 01)