2020-07-16

The Green Wave Ripples the Mother River

By yqqlm yqqlm

Editor’s note:

From July 15th to 16th, 2019, General Secretary Xi Jinping inspected and guided the development of”Do not forget the original intention, Keep in mind the mission of education. A year has passed, and thousands of miles of grassland have undergone many new changes. The people of all ethnic groups keep in mind the general secretary’s sincere request, firmly stick to the path of ecological priority and green development, and the ecological security barrier of the northern border of the motherland is stronger, guarding this side of green, pure, blue, has become a common grassland children pursue.

At this important time point, a reporter from People’s Daily came to the place where the Yellow River and the Great Wall “shook hands”, visited the green waves of the Mother River, and told the moving stories of the rich and happy people of the Yellow River.

In a farmhouse in Laoniuwan Village, Qingshuihe County, Hohhot City, Inner Mongolia, the quaint gazebos and characteristic caves are in sight, and the back is leaning against the scenic and beautiful Laoniuwan. The farmhouse attracts tourists to stop. Take a photo.

The owner Li Wenqing told reporters that he was one of the first to do farmhouse. He has been doing it for more than 20 years. From going out to work for people to being a boss himself, the days are booming day by day. The annual operating income is 20 times that of working in the past to make money.

Laoiu Bay is located at the junction of Shanxi and Inner Mongolia, south to Pianguan County in Shanxi, across the border to Qingshuihe County in Inner Mongolia to the north, and west to the Junggar Banner in Ordos. The Yellow River flows into Shanxi from here, and the Great Wall crosses from here. There is a spectacle of”handshaking” between the Yellow River and the Great Wall.

The loess culture, the Yellow River culture, and the Great Wall culture blend with each other here, forming a unique tourism resource. Backed by green hills and green water, the villages on the banks of the Yellow River glowed with new vitality, and the lives of the people of the Yellow River became more and more prosperous and happy.

Overlooking Laosiu Bay of Qingshuihe River in Inner Mongolia. Photographed by Chen Ligeng

The beautiful Yellow River Grand Canyon, with a long history of “Man Han Tiao”

The surging Yellow River water gathers eastwards in the Baichuan River, Qingshui River in Inner Mongolia The county’s Laoniu Bay formed an”S” shaped large bend. Laoniu Bay is also known as”the first bay in the world”, where the river channels on both sides of the Yellow River turn and change, the valleys are deep and narrow, and the valleys are deep.”Our bay is the place where the Loess Plateau and the Mongolian Plateau meet.” Shi Yuezhong, the Lao Niu Wan National Geopark Administration of Qingshuihe County, has been engaged in geological research for many years. He told reporters that the thousand-meter-long topography originated from the joint surface of the mineral fracture after the crust was uplifted (joint is also called fissure, which is a small fracture structure that has no significant displacement on both sides of the rock mass after the force fracture) Cut down.

Standing on the cliff overlooking Laoniu Bay, the ancient Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty passed through the mountains like a giant dragon. The Yellow River and the Great Wall”shook hands” here. There are many cultural relics and monuments in the area of ​​the Yellow River Grand Canyon. The Qing Dynasty Princess inscriptions, the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty, Fengsui and Dilou are all located in Laoniu Bay on the east bank of the Grand Canyon.

“From the beacon tower in the distance and the ancient Great Wall to the coast of the Yellow River, it really took hold.” Liu Jianguo of the Bureau of Culture and Tourism of Qingshuihe County introduced that the Great Wall is not a simple wall, but It is composed of a pass, a castle beacon, and many large and small cities in the distance that serve as a guarantee. After the Lao Niu Wan formed the port of the pier, it has also become a place for tourists to enjoy the beautiful scenery.

Old sailboats tell about the hardship and difficulty of the “golden waterway”. Photograph by Chen Ligeng

The canal culture of “relying on water” is also rising along with the prosperity of society. In Cuijiazhai, a”traditional Chinese village” that is quiet and peaceful in the Yellow River Grand Canyon scenic area of ​​Junggar, there are five elements and eight squares, including oil mill, ropesmith’s house and blacksmith’s house.

“The formation of the Cuijiazhai is a historical epitome of the Yellow River known as the’golden waterway.'” Wang Jianzhong, director of the Science, Education, Culture and History Committee of the CPPCC Political Consultative Conference in Ordos City. In the middle of the last century, the transportation on both sides of the Yellow River was inconvenient, and the waterway became the first choice for merchants to buy goods. Down the Yellow River, the fur and grain of Inner Mongolia can be transported to the inland, and tea and licorice in the inland can also be transported to Inner Mongolia against the Yellow River. Wang Jianzhong said,”Cuijiazhai is a private institution with the nature of river management.”

Visitors punched”Cuijiazhai”. Photo by Chen Ligeng

The prosperity of economic activities on both sides of the Yellow River also gave birth to a culture of integration and tolerance of the Yellow River. Qi Fulin, the heir to the national intangible cultural heritage”Manhan Tune”, passed on the tunes that originated in the Zhungeer Banner of Inner Mongolia to the stage around Mengjin, Shaanxi and even the whole country.

“Manhan Tune” is also called”Mongolian-Han Tune”, it is a kind of music formed by the integration of the music culture of the two ethnic groups in Mongolia and Han. The formation and development of”Manhan Tune” is closely related to the integration of the folk music of the Jin, Shaanxi and Han nationalities and the traditional music culture of the Ordos and Mongolians. Its artistic style has the characteristics of Mongolian, Jin and Shaanxi folk songs, and its cultural connotation carries the long-term exchange process between Mongolian and Han nationalities, as well as the two sides’ absorption of aesthetic commonality.

Visitors are experiencing the weaving of Cuijiazhai. Photograph by Chen Ligeng

“Do you know how many bays on the Yellow River in the world? On the dozens of bays, on the dozens of boats? On the dozens of boats, on the dozens of poles? On the dozens of maggies Come to move the boat?” Elder Qi Fulin sang a song”The Yellow River in the World” on the spot. The thick bass, bright midrange, and sharp treble genre sang praises from the audience.

In the early Qing Dynasty, the Zhungeer Banner opened the”border” of Ordos. Under the influence of the agricultural culture of Shanxi and Shaanxi, the local culture of agriculture as the main and supplemented by animal husbandry was quietly formed:Ordos Mongolia The ethnic short-tune folk songs are the main body, naturally and skillfully absorbing and blending some of the melody and rhythm of the folk songs of Fugu and Hequ, and they are accompanied by the lyrics of Xintianyou in Northern Shaanxi and mountain climbing songs in the northwest of Shanxi to sing in the form of a pair of songs.

Not only does the old song have a new song, but the 68-year-old Qi Fulin also interacts with fans in the live webcast with the help of apprentices. In just half a year, his fans reached 150,000.”The’Manhan Tune’ passed down from previous generations has no words, so the lyrics of the inheritance have become difficult.” Yue Wenxiang is the big disciple of Qi Fulin and the inheritor of the intangible cultural heritage of’Manhan Tune’ in Ordos. He said that he used to sing on the hillside, when the Yellow River sang while pulling a boat, and now he has composed new songs and new words, which have been spread more widely.

Concentrated continuous management, the Yellow River turns green here

Ascending the Lao Niu Bay, the Yellow River leaps and bounds around the Junggar Grand Canyon Wandering roundabout, turning two large turns in opposite directions in succession, creating a Taiji Holy Land where one side cleverly captures the magic. Here, there is a blue sky and a beautiful sun above the head, two sides of the river valley stand tall, and the river is full of waves.

The Jungle Yellow River Grand Canyon. Photo by Wang Hui

The Yellow River enters Shanxi from here, the inner and outer Great Walls meet from here, and the Shanxi-Shaanxi-Mongolia Grand Canyon starts here. The vicissitudes of the loess plateau in my country are highlighted here.

The Yellow River used to be”a bowl of water and half a bowl of sand”, but now it is blue waves like a mirror, quiet and safe. For many years, Zhungeer Banner has insisted on taking small watersheds as a unit, concentrating and controlling soil erosion, cultivating forest vegetation, conserving water and soil from the source, and the dam projects built upstream and downstream also played a role in regulating balance.

Since the 1980s, with the strong support of the Ministry of Water Resources, the Yellow Committee, the Middle Yellow River Bureau, the Water Resources Department of the Autonomous Region, and the Zhungeer Party Committee and Government, Zhungeer Banner has always adhered to , Conservation priority, comprehensive planning, comprehensive management, adapting to local conditions, highlighting key points, scientific management, and paying attention to the water conservation policy, successfully implemented the national key soil and water conservation project, the key project of water and soil conservation, the key project of water and soil conservation, the arsenic sandstone, seabuckthorn, and ecological management of sand reduction Projects, seabuckthorn sand reduction project, loess plateau silt dam construction project and other water and soil conservation and management projects.

As of the end of 2019, the cumulative preservation area of ​​comprehensive soil and water loss management is 4465.6 square kilometers, more than 800 silt dams have been constructed, and 65 silt dams have been removed and strengthened. The water and soil loss control degree has reached 60%. Yellow mud and sand is greatly reduced. The silt blocked the green of the hill, the ecological environment improved, and the people became rich.

The water of the Yellow River is green now, and the vegetation on both banks is also green. Photo by Wang Hui

The Yellow River turns green, which also originated from the construction of a large-scale water conservancy project. This water conservancy project is the Wanjiazhai Water Control Project, the first large-scale water conservancy facility in the middle reaches of the Yellow River. This is a large-scale water conservancy hub with water supply and power generation as the main part, and with the benefits of flood control and flood prevention. Its main project was started in 1994, closed in 1995, impounded in 1998, and generated electricity in 2000. The Wanjiazhai Reservoir, which is formed by relying on the Wanjiazhai Water Control Project, has also achieved the Yellow River Diversion Project and solved the”water shortage” in Shanxi’s northern regions such as Taiyuan, Datong and Shuozhou.

“The water quality of the Yellow River becomes clear, because after the construction of the Wanjiazhai Reservoir in 1994, the water flow became slower and the sediment settled, making the water clear through the section of the Yellow River, especially in summer. Rippling.” The water of the Yellow River clears and the high gorge leaves Pinghu, which also creates new opportunities for the development of tourism in the basin.

“Laoniuwan Village used to be a barren mountain with bare hills and poor people. It is a well-known poor village in the county. After the Yellow River turned green, the scenery was beautiful and the local tourism industry began to develop and the villagers started In addition to the farmhouse, Laoniuwan Village has become the richest village in Qingshuihe County, and the poor people have lived a prosperous life.” Shi Yuezhong told reporters.

The Yellow River Basin is also known as the”Energy Basin”. Coal reserves account for more than half of the country, and the proven coal and natural gas reserves in Ordos alone account for 1/6 and 1/3 of the country respectively.

As an important enterprise in the “Golden Triangle of Coal Mine” in Ordos, Inner Mongolia, Yulin, Shaanxi, and Shuozhou, Shanxi, the Zuneng Group in the Zhungeer Banner of Ordos City has 3.098 billion tons of coal reserves and its Heidaigou Open Air The coal mine and the Harwusu Open-pit Coal Mine have an annual production capacity of 69 million tons and are the largest open-air coal production enterprise in Asia. The highest daily output of raw coal reaches a record of 143,500 tons.

This area is also the main source area of ​​the Yellow River sediment. The Zhungeer mining area is ecologically fragile and has serious soil erosion. How to effectively mine “black gold” and protect or even improve the local ecology is one of the key issues that need to be addressed in the process of coal field development. For many years, Zuneng Group has always adhered to the policy of equal emphasis on mine development and ecological environment protection, explored the low-carbon, green and sustainable development of coal enterprises, vigorously carried out the construction of mine ecological civilization, promoted energy conservation and environmental protection, and delivered a result Excellent green development answer sheet.

Relying on the”Happy River”, the Yellow River people embrace a new life

“Comrades work harder, hey hey wow…” The son echoed in the mountains. Zhao, who was born in the 1920s, is now 91 years old. As a boatman for more than 30 years, he recalled the feeling of pulling a boat that year:”A large ship, four feet long and two feet wide, can pull more than 60,000 pounds of goods. We are from Bayan (Bayannaoer City) Departing from Linhe, picking up the grain and pulling it to Baotou, it takes 5 months to pull the five zebras, it takes one month and three days.”

Fan Zhiheng, former investigator of Qingshuihe County Government, introduced that the area of ​​arable land of the residents living by the Yellow River There are few, and you can’t survive by planting. Most of the hard labor is engaged in the work of pulling boats, commonly known as”Helu Han”. In 1964, in order to facilitate river transportation, the first 800 km Yellow River shipping route was built here.

From the first fairway built in 1964 to the now 41.4 km of asphalt road, this yellow road has undergone five repairs. With the continuous improvement of the road, convenient transportation has brought here New opportunities for developing tourism.

Qingshuihe County Laoniuwan Village Farmhouse Small Courtyard. Photo by Wang Hui

Qingshuihe County is a southernmost mountain city in Hohhot, located at the junction of Jinmeng and Mongolia. The territory is majestic and the terrain is very dangerous. During the War of Resistance Against Japan and the War of Liberation, this was the pivotal zone connecting the Great Qingshan Revolutionary Base with the border areas of Jinsui and the border areas of Shaanxi, Gansu and Ning, and the strategic location was very important.

Party members of the Urban Management Comprehensive Law Enforcement Bureau of Dongsheng District, Ordos revisited the oath of joining the party. Photo by Wang Hui

“I volunteer to join the Communist Party of China…” walked into the Lao Niupo Revolutionary Education Base in Dakou Village, Qingshuihe County, wearing a Red Army costume and is a party member of the Urban Management Comprehensive Law Enforcement Bureau of Dongsheng District, Ordos They raised their right fists in front of the party flag and revisited the oath of joining the party. Li Yi, a party member who participated in the red education, said,”Only immersive experience of the simple life style of the old revolutionary areas can we find our own shortcomings, and rethink how we should focus on the masses and be a good party member.”

In 2019, Dakou Village used red resources to gradually build a red education practice base integrating research, practice and experience. The base receives more than 6,000 people annually, which adds vitality to the red tourism market in Dakou Village and becomes the pillar industry of the village’s collective economy. This year, Dakou Village is building new observation decks, the Great Wall Beacon Tower, and tourist accommodation centers. It will closely integrate more elements with the development of red tourism resources, and strive to build red tourism boutique routes.

Today,”Red Tourism” has become a beautiful business card in Qingshuihe County. Photo by Wang Hui

On the opposite bank of the river, the Wanli Yellow River undulates along the terrain into the Ordos section, Dakou Village, Longkou Town, Zhungeer Banner, Ordos City, which is adjacent to Fugu County in Shaanxi Province and Hequ County in Shanxi Province Looking across the river is the real”three provinces of roaring chickens”.

“Because of the low terrain and high temperature, it is mainly planted with cotton, large apricots, melons and other crops. In the past, due to inconvenient transportation, there was no market, and now there are tourisms here, and there are more tourists and sales. No worry,” said Zhang Sanen, director of the Dakou Village Supervision Committee in Longkou Town, Zhungeer Banner, Ordos City.

On both banks of the Yellow River, the people leaned on the arms of the Mother River. According to the local reality, they developed characteristic tourism. The 360° big bend of the Yellow River Grand Canyon not only painted unique scenery, but also painted A new way of tourism development.