The Ministry of Foreign Affairs answers questions on the US approval of arms sales to Taiwan and Japan’s 2020 version of the”Defense White Paper”
China.com, July 14:Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian answered questions on the US State Department’s approval of arms sales to Taiwan and Japan’s release of the 2020 version of the Defense White Paper. The following is a transcript of the text:
CCTV reporter:According to reports, on July 9, the Defense Security Cooperation Agency of the US Department of Defense issued a statement saying that the US State Department has approved the provision of”Patriot-3″ to Taiwan. The missile was recertified, with a total value of US$620 million. The main contractor was Lockheed Martin. What is China’s comment?
Zhao Lijian:China firmly opposes the US arms sales to Taiwan and urges the US to strictly abide by the one-China principle and the provisions of the three Sino-US joint communiques. Relations and peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait have caused further damage.
In order to safeguard national interests, China has decided to take necessary measures to impose sanctions on Lockheed Martin, the main contractor in this arms sales case.
Global Times reporter:According to reports, on the 14th, the Japanese government released the 2020 version of the”Defense White Paper”, saying that China”unilaterally changes the status quo” in the East China Sea and the South China Sea and seeks overseas through the”Belt and Road” initiative. Military bases seek anti-epidemic assistance for political and economic benefits. What is China’s comment?
Zhao Lijian:There are many prejudices and untrue information about China’s 2020 version of the “Defense White Paper”. China has stated its position on this before.
As a responsible big country, China pursues its neighboring foreign policy and defensive national defense policy of being good to its neighbors and neighboring partners, and is a maintainer, builder and contributor to world peace, stability and prosperity. At the same time, China firmly safeguards its sovereignty, security and development interests.
China and Japan should go together, promote the construction of constructive security relations, and play an active role in maintaining regional peace and stability.
Macao Monthly Reporter:On July 13, local time, US Secretary of State Pompeo issued a statement saying that many of China’s claims in the South China Sea have no basis in international law. The US urges relevant countries to oppose China’s claims on maritime rights. The South China Sea arbitration award is legally binding on China and the Philippines. What is China’s comment?
Zhao Lijian:The US stated that it ignored the historical latitude and longitude and objective facts of the South China Sea issue, violated the U.S. government’s open commitment to the South China Sea’s sovereignty issue, violated and distorted international law, and deliberately provoked territorial maritime disputes. It is irresponsible to undermine regional peace and stability.
In a statement, the US stated that China only officially announced the South China Sea intermittent line in 2009, which is completely untrue. China’s sovereignty and rights in the South China Sea were formed in the course of a long history. China has exercised effective jurisdiction over relevant islands, reefs and related sea areas in the South China Sea for thousands of years. As early as 1948, the Chinese government officially announced the South China Sea intermittent line, which has not been questioned by any country for a long time. China’s territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests in the South China Sea have sufficient historical and legal basis and are in accordance with relevant international law and international practice.
China never seeks to establish an”ocean empire” in the South China Sea, always treats countries surrounding the South China Sea as equals, and always maintains maximum restraint in safeguarding the sovereignty and rights of the South China Sea. On the contrary, the United States refused to join the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, frequently”broken the contract and withdrew from the group” internationally, and abandoned it if it was incompatible with international law. It frequently dispatched large-scale advanced warships and military aircraft to militarize the South China Sea and promoted power logic. The United States is the destructor and troublemaker of peace and stability in the region, and the international community sees it very clearly.
China’s position on the South China Sea arbitration and its so-called awards is consistent, clear and firm. The arbitration tribunal violated the principle of”state consent” and tried unreasonably. There were obvious mistakes in the determination of facts and the application of the law, and many countries questioned it. The US side’s use of speculation in arbitration to serve its own political purpose is an abuse of international maritime law, and China will never accept it.
According to the”Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea” reached by China and ASEAN countries in 2002, China has always been committed to resolving disputes related to territories and jurisdictions through negotiations and negotiations with directly related sovereign states, and is committed to working with ASEAN countries Work together to maintain peace and stability in the South China Sea. At present, with the joint efforts of China and ASEAN countries, the situation in the South China Sea is generally stable. China and ASEAN countries not only abide by the”Declaration on the Conduct of All Parties in the South China Sea”, but are also intensifying discussions on the more binding”Code of Conduct in the South China Sea” to jointly safeguard the peace and stability and freedom of navigation in the South China Sea. Relevant consultations have made positive progress. The relationship between China and ASEAN countries has been further consolidated and developed in the cooperation in epidemic prevention.
As an extraterritorial country, the United States, out of its own self-interest, fears that the South China Sea will not be chaotic, and will do everything possible to provoke right and wrong in the South China Sea. . The US statement also deliberately distorted the speech of the Chinese representative attending the 2010 ASEAN Regional Forum Foreign Ministers’ Meeting. The fact is that the Chinese representative stated at the meeting that China has always advocated that all countries, big or small, are equal. The resolution of relevant disputes should be based on the merits, and the direct parties should settle peacefully through negotiation and consultation. The US side’s attempt to provoke alienation will never succeed.
We express our strong dissatisfaction and firm opposition to the wrong actions of the US side, and urge the US side to stop creating troubles on the South China Sea issue and not to go further and further on the wrong path. China will continue to resolutely safeguard its sovereignty and security in accordance with the law, resolutely maintain friendly and cooperative relations with regional countries, and resolutely maintain peace and stability in the South China Sea.
British independent TV news reporter:If today the British Prime Minister announced the ban on Huawei as expected, what is your comment?
Zhao Lijian:Is it possible to provide an open, fair and non-discriminatory business environment for Chinese companies in the UK? It is the touchstone of the UK market after Brexit, and is it safe for Chinese investment in the UK? wind vane. China will pay close attention.
Agence France-Presse reporter:Questioning about the South China Sea issue. Will China respond further to Secretary of State Pompeo’s statement? Do you take further measures? Second, yesterday we asked about the reduction of French airlines’ flights to France. The Chinese Embassy in France also responded. Are there still negotiations between China and France? Will China allow Air France to increase the number of flights to and from China?
Zhao Lijian:Regarding your first question, I have clearly stated China’s position just now.
Regarding the second question, I don’t know the specific question you raised. I suggest that you check with the competent department.
Reporter from Japan’s NHK TV Station:China has always criticized US forces in the South China Sea for violating China’s territorial sovereignty and threatening national security. Some people doubt that China will set up an air defense identification zone in the South China Sea. Can you introduce China’s current views and positions?
Zhao Lijian:On this issue, we have stated our position many times. Each country has the right to establish air defense identification zones, and decides whether to establish air defense identification zones based on the level of air security threats it faces. The Chinese side will carefully consider the relevant issues based on the air security threats it faces in the relevant waters of the South China Sea, and comprehensively consider various factors.
Britain Sky News:Is China threatening the British government with regard to Huawei? Chinese Ambassador to the United Kingdom Liu Xiaoming said that if the United Kingdom banned Huawei, it would be an enemy to China. This shows that Huawei is too close to the Chinese government.
Zhao Lijian:You are out of context. I suggest you read the transcript of Ambassador Liu Xiaoming’s press conference seriously and completely.