Who is stronger in China and India? Indian experts even claimed that China will spend at least 30 years to catch up
As China rises further, more and more Western countries seem to see the crisis. While constantly suppressing China through various means, they also hope to be able to confront another country in Asia. As a result, some experts have pointed their direction at India, frequently comparing the development of China and India. Even Indian experts have declared that it will take at least 30 years for China to overtake India.
So how do we understand the status of China and India in the world? How to understand the similarities and differences between the two parties?
Political comparison between the two countries
Historically, China and India are similar in that both have been briefly occupied by foreign countries and become (semi) colonial countries. India became independent in 1947, while China became independent in 1949, and the independence time of the two countries was basically synchronized.
For China, after the 1911 Revolution, the feudal authoritarian system has been overthrown, and the long-term anti-Japanese war and civil war have basically eliminated the remaining feudalism. The founding of New China marks that my country has become an emerging socialist country under the leadership of Marxism-Leninism, and 56 ethnic groups are equal and love each other.
However, although India has established an independent country, its traditional system has not been cancelled, such as the Indian caste system that is most discussed.
The caste system was once a kind of social system based on pedigree in India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and other countries. This system divides Indians into four levels, namely Brahmin and Brahman. Dili, Vasa, and Sudra. These four levels are hereditary, that is, people have been divided into different levels at birth.
And the determination of these four levels will have strict requirements and regulations on the status, rights, duties and occupation of the people. The caste system can also cause some inconveniences in people’s daily lives. For example, people with lower castes cannot eat and kill cows.
In addition, India still has a fifth caste, the English name is”untouchable”, that is,”untouchable class”, they are the most humble people in India, can only be slaves for generations, and are not counted The total population of India.
Although the caste system has disappeared from the legal form in India for many years, in the concept of people and in people’s daily life, the remnants of the caste system still exist, and profoundly affect people’s lives. So far, the criticism of the caste system has often caused people to protest and discuss.
The economic comparison between the two countries
The more objective way to compare the two countries of China and India is through economic comparison. After all, the current GDP can only explain the strength of a country.
After his re-election, Indian Prime Minister Modi once made a bold statement:”In 10 years, India will have the third largest economy in the world.” How should we think about this?
In fact, India is currently one of the fastest growing emerging economies in the world and one of the tenth largest economies in the world.
Indian economic industries are mainly agriculture, handicrafts and service industries. It should be noted that in recent years, Bangalore has developed into a center of heavy industry, and many high-tech companies have been successfully established in Bangalore, making it one of the global information technology centers, also known as”Asian Silicon Valley””.
In terms of agriculture, India is the second largest agricultural exporter in the world. But India’s agricultural productivity is relatively low. On the one hand, it is due to the general backwardness of the economy and society and the low literacy rate. On the other hand, the penetration rate of modern agricultural methods and technologies is relatively low. In addition, India’s uneven distribution of water resources and poor irrigation systems have also led to a crisis in India’s agricultural productivity. In recent years, India has also fallen into a”food crisis” due to population growth.
In terms of industry, India’s small industrial products rank 16th in the world. Small-scale production is mainly carried out in a family workshop style. India is also a very important service country. Due to its large population, he provides nearly 23%of the employees to the world, so foreign exchange reserves account for an important part of GDP.
On March 3, 2011, according to Japan’s fiscal data, China’s GDP exceeded Japan’s 404.4 billion US dollars. Since then, China officially surpassed Japan and became the second largest economy in the world.
In fact, as early as July 2010, Suparman, the chief Asian economist of Nomura Securities, said:”Japan used to be the driving force for Asian sports. Now the trend is turning to Japan China is becoming a powerful force that affects other parts of Asia, including Japan, and China will become the second largest economy.”
China has a long history of farming civilization. Agricultural power. Although my country has a large domestic demand, my country’s grain export exports can still account for 4.3%of the total global market, currently ranking third. In terms of industry, China’s industrial system is relatively complete and its infrastructure is relatively complete.
In 2019, China’s gross domestic product (GDP) was US$14,243.37 billion, and India’s was US$2,926.24 billion, a difference of nearly 6 times. In terms of absolute trade volume, India is much lower than China. It can be seen that the gap between the two in terms of economic productivity is still very large.
Education comparison between the two countries
We often say that culture is also a way to reflect the country’s comprehensive strength. One of the ways to show the development of culture is through education comparison.
Poverty in India is still an important issue that plagues India’s development, and poverty most affects its cultural development. A professor at the University of Mumbai in India once said:“According to the 2011 census data, the current literacy rate in India is 74%, and the number of illiterates in India is basically the same as the poor in India.”
India’s literacy rate standard is to be able to sign your own name and read news headlines. According to this, one fifth of Indian men and one third of women are illiterate. In addition, there is a large gap between the cultural levels of men and women in India, especially in the north, where the population is large. Girls learn to be discriminated against, so girls are more likely to drop out of school. India’s investment in education is also decreasing, and more funds are used to supplement military expenditures.
And in China in 2007, the literacy rate had reached 90.9%. In 2012, the illiteracy rate was only 4.96%.
In China, investment in education funding for Xinxin students is also increasing. By 2018, the total investment in my country’s education funds will total 4613.5 billion yuan. In particular, my country has been insisting on implementing compulsory education, emphasizing that education is the pioneer of national development. When education continues to progress, my country will have more talent reserves and better development and construction of the country.
In summary, although India has been developing in recent years, it is still not as good as China in terms of its stability and durability. Therefore, it is relatively one-sided to think that India needs more than 30 years to surpass China.