2020-10-07

16 amazing space phenomena, how many do you know?

By yqqlm yqqlm

The vast universe is full of temptations and challenges, unpredictable, the earth is just a tiny piece of dust in the universe, and now the mysterious veil of the universe is being torn layer by layer.

Nuclear pasta

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If it does exist, it will be the hardest matter in the entire universe, which is caused by extinguishing The remnants of the star are formed, this material is squeezed into noodles, like tangled material, when you apply 10 billion times the pressure, it will break.

A planet under glass rain

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A glass-like planet, a bright blue exoplanet, HD 1897733B looks calm and a bit familiar, but these beautiful coats conceal the terrifying nature of this planet. The wind speed can reach 8,700 kilometers per hour, and the speed is seven times the speed of sound, but this is not the worst, in this hot The alien world is raining on glass.

Black WidowPulsar

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The black widow pulsar is like a black widow spider. This rotating neutron star is devouring its partner, a lighter The brown dwarf pulsar G1311-3430 is known for its slow destruction of companions. The more matter it consumes, the slower the rotation speed, and the energy lost by the neutron star in this process will cause its companion star to shrink gradually.

Burning icy planet

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A distant icy planet is burning, it is a Neptune-sized extrasolar The planet, named Gris 436B, is a paradox because it is made of hot ice, which is completely contrary to common sense in our world.

This planet can orbit the red dwarf star Gliss 436 orbit in just two days, which means it is very close to its own parent star, which may mean that its temperature rarely drops to 427 degrees. The following reasons. But the strangest thing is that this planet is covered with a large amount of water ice called &34; ice-x &34; this kind of ice can remain solid at high temperatures, just like Space X’s SX alloy material .

Dwarf planet with halo

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Haumea is a dwarf planet orbiting the Cooper Belt, with The strange slender shape and two moons, a day on this planet lasts 4 hours, making it the fastest-rotating large celestial body in our solar system. But the most mysterious thing about Haumea is that the planet has a thin ring with a diameter of 64 kilometers around it.

The cradle of the birth of stars

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This is Centaurus’s “stellar nursery”. This place may be called a nursery, but it’s not peaceful or safe at all. This “stellar nursery” is a nebula of hydrogen and newborn stars, located in Centaurus. In the nebula, about 6,500 light-years away from the earth, the strong energy emitted by these newborn stars makes the hydrogen cloud emit an ominous light. This energy is very powerful and is eating up dark dust clouds. They are like butter cubes on a hot frying pan. Disappeared.

A diamond planet

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At a distance of about 4000 light years from the earth, there is a giant diamond This planet is denser than any planet discovered so far, and it is mainly composed of carbon. Astronomers think that this carbon may be crystalline, which means that at least part of this planet is diamond, so Diamonds really exist on this planet.

Infrared flow from space

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Neutron stars are the cores of super dense giant stars after they collapse. They X-rays or radio waves are usually emitted.

But in 2018 astronomers discovered a strange infrared ray. It seems to come from a neutron star 800 light years away from the earth. The signal may be generated by the dust disk surrounding the planet. However, this theory has not yet been confirmed.

Great Red Spot on Jupiter

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This is a huge violently rotating red Hurricane, twice as large as our planet, has not calmed down on Jupiter for at least a century. The wind at the center of the storm is quite calm, but at its edges, they It travels at a speed of 435 to 676 kilometers per hour, more than twice as fast as the most powerful hurricane on earth.

Sauron’s Eye

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The Beiluo Shimen is the 18th brightest star in the night sky. It looks terrifying and people call it the”Eye of Siren Sauron”. Because it is surrounded by a circle of dust and debris, making it look like a giant eye gazing at your soul, this terrifying star is more than twice the mass of our sun and 25 light years away from the earth, considering it is the universe The distance in the middle, this is not far, is it the Guru in the Lord of the Rings?

Butterfly Nebula

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From the main appearance of the Butterfly Nebula, this butterfly has a wingspan of more than 3 light years , The structure inside the nebula is one of the most complicated structures observed so far.

The central star of this nebula, the white dwarf is heated to an incredible 450,000 degrees, which means it is formed by a huge star, which may be five times larger than our sun. The equator is surrounded by a thick disk of dust and gas, which makes the whole structure look like a butterfly.

Eskimo Nebula

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The Eskimo Nebula was discovered more than 200 years ago. This nebula is named for a reason. The star at the center of the Eskimo Nebula is no different from our Sun. The strange orange stripes on the periphery of the nebula extend for several light-years in all directions.

The Pillar of Creation

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More than 7,000 light years away from the earth, there is an eagle nebula, which is a young The star cluster is only 5.5 million years old. The Hubble Space Telescope has successfully photographed several black silhouettes near the center of the nebula. These are the so-called pillars of creation, an active star-forming region,

living fossil galaxies
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The living fossil galaxy was discovered in the globular cluster NGC 6752, a galaxy the same size as the Milky Way, but it is almost invisible because it The stars are scattered very sparsely.

But what makes this galaxy so unique is that it exists alone, which is different from other galaxies usually found in star clusters, which may mean that a galaxy in which it is located was formed in another era, possibly The Big Bang is only one billion years old. If this is true, this galaxy is a living fossil.

Ring Nebula

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The first sight of the ring nebula, a huge cloud of dust and gas, Surrounding an ancient, almost extinguished star, it does look like a ring.

These colorful objects in the depths of space, 2300 light-years away from the Earth, are actually a ring surrounding a blue spherical structure. The two ends of this structure extend out of the other side of the ring.

Water in space

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A cloud of water vapor floats in space, surrounding a supermassive black hole at a distance The earth is 12 billion light-years away. This cloud contains more than 140 trillion times the water of all the water on the earth. Astronomers believe that these water clouds appeared 1.6 billion years later than the universe itself. We did not exist at that time. , But you have to believe that there is more water in the universe than you think.