2020-10-28

The 60-year-old Japanese apartment looks like a new one. After reading it, I know the gap in China.

By yqqlm yqqlm

First, let’s look at a photo.

Guess:What is this house in the picture?Date?

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Is it the 90s or the latest? The answer is 1960s.

The building in the picture is a special place on Nakayama Road in Gunma Prefecture in Japan The school’s office building was built in the 1960s, and the photo was taken in 2016.

Why the 60-year-old house in Japan is so new ?

First of all, high standards of building quality.

In 1980, Japan put forward the goal of century-old architecture. The so-called century-old building refers to one, the life of the building structure is 100 years, and the other is that it can allow generations of families to settle down within 100 years.

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The Sumitomo Building in the downtown area of ​​Osaka, Osaka Prefecture, the first phase was completed in 1926

In 2007, the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan put forward the concept of”200-year residence”, requesting that the original target of 100 years be extended to 200 years.

Japan, in the rim-Pacific seismic belt, has always been a country prone to earthquakes. After 1996, the Japanese government revised the”Building Standards Law” four times in a row to raise the seismic standards of residences and buildings.

Japan’s real estate seismic classification is based on 1981. In 1981, the new Japanese building seismic standards were promulgated, started in 1982 , Japanese houses have reached the seismic level of 8, and the service life can exceed 100 years.

However, don’t worry about houses before 1981. In 1950, Japan promulgated the”Building Standards Law”, which passed legislation. Strictly control the quality of houses, but further legislation was carried out after 1981.

According to the earthquake experience, most of the wooden, old-fashioned houses that collapsed in Japan, and newly-built apartments rarely collapsed.

When the”3.11″ large earthquake and tsunami occurred in Japan in 2011, the distance from FukushimaThe magnitude of Tokyo, which is only 300 kilometers away, is also above 7. However, the death toll caused by the earthquake in the urban area of ​​Tokyo is only 7. people.

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building base layer under construction

At the time, the”New York Times” reported:”Japan’s strict building codes have saved many lives. If the earthquake occurs in other densely populated countries, tens of thousands of people may have been killed in the earthquake.”

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Japanese construction has very strict requirements on the quality of materials

In 1996, Japan implemented the”Seismic Reconstruction Plan” and widely used seismic isolation technology. It is common to add a shock-absorbing layer between the house and the foundation, and use the shaking of the building itself to absorb the energy of the earthquake.

This technology is to install elastic rubber pads or friction sliding load-bearing cushions on the bottom of the building to resist earthquakes. These rubber layers are very durable and generally have a useful life of about 60 The degree of shaking is reduced from 1/3 to 1/5.

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lower plate of seismic isolation system

Secondly, the rational use of repair funds.

When an apartment is completed, these property management companies will meet and discuss with the owners’ committee. Draw up a 50-year apartment maintenance schedule, which will make a complete plan for roof maintenance, regular maintenance of external walls, pipeline dredging, water supply systems, elevators, etc., and distribute this schedule In the hands of every owner.

For example, the repair of sewer pipes in Japan, regardless of whether they are blocked or not, must be cleaned and dredged once a year with a high-pressure cleaning device. The renovation and waterproofing of the exterior walls, as well as the inspection and replacement of elevators, are all fixed. For example, the exterior walls of some apartment buildings will be renovated every 20 years; the roof will be repaired every 10 years, and the elevator must be inspected every 3 months and replaced every 20 years.

The repair fee is an important means to help the apartment maintain its value. It is also in Japan One of the secrets of a long apartment life. The repair fee is a fund collected for the long-term maintenance of the apartment and maintaining the value and safety of the apartment. In order to avoid sudden huge repair expenses: such as apartment exterior wall renovation, elevators, water pipes and other major repairs engineering. This is based on the funds required for the long-term repair plan, collected in a long-term accumulation manner.

The repair fees for different apartments are based on the construction age, area, and structure. The owner of the apartment needs to pay monthly. If the property is rented out, the repair fee is also paid by the landlord.

It can be seen that the phrase”prevent trouble before they happen” is used to the extreme in Japan.

There is also house maintenance to the smallest detail.

Japanese apartments have to pay monthly fees for managing apartment buildings. Mainly include:inspection fees of building facilities, administrator fees, management company fees, cleaning fees, water and electricity expenses in public places, and building insurance fees.

The owner of the apartment needs to pay monthly. If the property is rented out, the management fee is also paid by the landlord.

Because the public security in Japan is generally good, burglaries rarely occur. Therefore, the main job of Japanese property management companies is not to be responsible for building security or community safety management, but to focus on the quality and quality management of the building itself.

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Japanese property management companies hardly need to hire Security personnel, and invest the main financial resources and energy into the daily management of the building, including cleaning corridors, managing garbage, scrubbing doors, windows and stairshand guards.

There are also some apartment building property management companies that will set up a special communication room on the first floor, and send special staff to manage within a fixed time, mainly responsible for the daily cleaning work inside and outside the building; Handle the consulting business of the owner; supervise the personnel entering and leaving the building, etc.

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p style=”text-align:justify”>There are so many measures that can make Japanese houses not only have a long service life, but the appearance can also be kept tidy and clean, even for apartments of decades old. It looks like a new one.