2020-10-30

Would rather give up your nationality than become a soldier:Why is military service a man’s nightmare in South Korea?

By yqqlm yqqlm
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In 2016, the Korean drama”Descendants of the Sun” swept the entire Asia, and the drama created a”wei Guangzheng” South Korea Soldier image. However, in reality, joining the army is a nightmare for many Korean men.

Recently, data released by the Ministry of Justice of South Korea showed that 13,433 dual-national citizens have chosen to give up their Korean nationality in the past five years, and more than 80%of them are young people under the age of 20.

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Some analysts say that this is probably a new way for Koreans to escape military service.

In order to hide from military service, don’t even need nationality Up? This wave of operations by the neighbors next door once again aroused netizens’ curiosity about military service:How terrible is Korean military service?

1

From changing nationality to transgender, Korean men really did it

In Korea, military service is almost a must in the life of every adult male. Korean males from the age of 19 are required to undergo a medical examination by the Military Service Department and enlist in the military according to the recognized medical examination level between the ages of 20 and 30.

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< p>▲ South Korea 00 military service medical examination site

Currently, Korea’s military service medical examination levels are divided into 7 levels.

Level 7 is for those whose physical condition cannot be determined and needs to be re-examined the following year;

Level 6 is a severely ill or mentally disabled person who can be exempt from military service;

Level 5 is a person with a major medical history and is included in supplementary service according to regulations;

Level 4 is part of the project who does not meet the standards, and will be assigned as”Public Service Executives” ;

Level 1~3 belong to active-duty soldiers Qualified candidates will be assigned to the army, navy, and air force.

From the regulations , As long as there is no major physical or mental illness, Korean adult men need to be forcibly enlisted for military service.

Of course there are some exceptions, if you get After the Olympic Games or the gold medal of the Asian Games, you can be exempt from military service. The football player Sun Xingmin was exempted from military service because he helped the national team win gold in the Asian Games.

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According to statistics, it was launched in 1973 to encourage the cultivation of elite sports talents Since the preferential regulations, nearly 900 South Korean athletes have been exempted from military service.

In addition, if you only have a primary school degree The military service can be exempted, probably because they are worried that this group of people will be too strenuous to study military theory.

The service personnel are different according to the division of arms, Service time also varies. Currently, the Army and Marine Corps need to serve for 21 months, the Navy needs to serve for 23 months, and the Air Force needs to serve for 24 months.

The face may be more than 2 years Many Korean men are repulsive, trying to avoid military service. The various strange tricks are shocking.

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As early as 2008, there was a sudden burst of football players trying to avoid military service. Cases of self-harm. They first used dumbbells to tear the muscles and dislocated their shoulders, which resulted in failure to enter the military medical examination, and then rehabilitated through surgical repairs.

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Later, many Korean deserters began to”self-harm” Going farther and farther down the road, there are endless cases of finger cutting, tooth extraction, and intentional fracture creation. What’s more, even the”roots of life” are also bet on.

In 2014, there was news in Korea In order to escape from military service, a certain school-age boy would not hesitate to inject himself a large amount of impotence drugs, and then went to the hospital to declare”male dysfunction” and ask the hospital to help him”self-improvement”.

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After the incident was revealed, the young man not only did not escape the military service, but was also charged with the crime of “deliberately escaping military service”.

only one year in 2017 There are 59 cases of deliberate evasion of military service in South Korea. The methods of evasion range from sudden increase in weight and weight loss, false claims of mental disorders to deliberate tattoos. Any policy loophole that can be exploited will involve “challengers” who are not afraid of embarrassment.

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In order to stabilize their career development and maintain their popularity, many Korean celebrities try to These reasons for delaying or evading military service are inferior to those of ordinary people.

In 2004, with”Blue Life and Death”Love” became popular in Asia, Song Chengxian used fake urine to prove that he had kidney disease in an attempt to avoid military service. After being exposed by the media, he was scolded by the public, and his popularity plummeted. A large number of advertisers terminated their contracts.

Later on the pressure of public opinion Song Chengxian voluntarily enlisted in the army, and because of his good performance during his service, he slowly got the public’s understanding.

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< p>▲ On the day of enlistmentSong Seung Hyun

< span style=”color:595959; –tt-darkmode-color:595959;”>Won Bin, who also starred in”Blue Life and Death”, was also involved in an escape scandal because of his unwillingness to enlist in the army for reasons such as applying for graduate studies. .

At the peak of his popularity, he After receiving the notice of enlistment, I suddenly wanted to go to a second-rate university to study as a graduate student, which immediately aroused the public’s question:Do you want to study or be a deserter?

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Yuanbin

After Yuanbin attended the event, people chased him and scolded him for deserting. Under the supervision of the powerful people, Yuanbin finally Went to the army at the end of 2005. But what makes people feel unacceptable is that Won Bin was discharged early due to knee injuries six months after enlisting in the army.

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< p>▲ Yuan Bin retired early

An opinion poll at the time showed that 80%of people did not believe that he was really injured, which aroused public dissatisfaction again. After that, he did not return to acting for a long time, and his popularity plummeted.

Compared with Song Chengxian Won Bin, the result of another male star’s desertion from military service is not as simple as being scolded by the public. He directly angered the entire South Korea and has not been able to enter the country.

This star has won several The top rock singer Liu Chengjun.

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< p>Liu Chengjun

In 2002, when he was only three months away from enlisting in the army, Liu Chengjun, a great star of Starway, suddenly announced his abandonment of Korean nationality and quickly took the US green card to run. Playing overseas has disappeared.

Such behavior immediately angered the Korean people, Everyone petitioned the government for severe punishment. Finally, the South Korean government did make a strong response:Liu Chengjun was permanently barred from entering South Korea.

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The difference in thought caused Liu Chengjun’s life to take a sudden turn. Not only did the song be emptied and removed, but Various awards have also been cancelled. When the Korean people mention this person again, they are blatantly disgusted-“traitor”.

Until 2015, Liu Chengjun wanted to return to Korea Attending the funeral of his father-in-law, knelt down and apologized in the customs live broadcast, but still did not receive the forgiveness of the Korean people, and the entry failed.

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In Korea, from celebrities to ordinary people, military service is very sensitive The topic, once judged as evading military service, is easily rejected by society.

But on the other hand, South Korea in recent years There has also been a small wave of childbirth overseas. Most of these parents hope that their children can acquire the citizenship of European and American countries from the beginning of their birth, in order to prepare for the clever avoidance of military service in the future.

As a soldier Enlisting in the army is a glorious and meaningful thing to defend one’s home and country. Why is it that many people talk about it in South Korea and avoid it?

The bitterness behind this I’m afraid we have to start with South Korea’s controversial forced conscription system.

2

A rare”Cold War legacy”:South Korea’s forced conscription

Although the Cold War has long ended, South Korea, with a population of only 50 million, has always retained as many as 5 million active reserve personnel. What is even more puzzling is that the”Korea-US Mutual Defense Treaty” signed by South Korea and the United States at the time stipulates that South Korea’s military command power belongs to the United States.

One ​​has no military command Countries, why keep such a huge reserve army?

The pressure behind this Mainly from the north of Line 38.

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Although South Korea has won the blessing of the United States, until now, the Korean Peninsula The two countries above are still in a state of confrontation and their relationship is tense.

North Korea with a population of only 25 million Never gave up the idea of ​​unifying the peninsula. With the continuous advancement of nuclear tests, even the US troops stationed in South Korea smelled a sense of anxiety and took the initiative to move their station from Seoul, which is within the range of North Korean artillery, to 100 kilometers south of the 38th line. Humphries base.

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What makes Korea even more disturbing is that the US military’s The number of people stationed has been declining. By 2018, it was already less than 30,000. Once a war with North Korea begins, South Korea may only count on its own troops.

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Since 1951, South Korea has implemented a compulsory military service system, and the number of troops has increased rapidly .

By the end of the Korean War The United States tried to reduce the number of South Korean troops, but the Rhee Seung-man government decisively rejected this proposal and insisted on conscription.

Today’s South Korea is The military expenditures are huge, and they are unwilling to reduce the number of troops easily, and they have increasingly strengthened the recruitment requirements.

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Korean males of appropriate age must complete 2 years of high-intensity active service in the military camp. Only 150,000 won per month(about 900 yuan) subsidies.

On the other hand, Korean military training It is very demanding. Servicemen do not have communication equipment such as mobile phones and computers. It takes nearly 100 days for recruits to take a vacation. Every year, there are accidents that kill soldiers due to improper training.

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So all kinds of such, naturally easy to give birth to deserters. Statistics show that in 2016 alone, the South Korean government arrested more than 10,000 young people to return to military service through thorough investigations of kidney disease cases.

Currently, Koreans’ rejection of military service , Is increasingly becoming a common social problem. Talking about the sensitivity of military shock and fear, not only from the fear of training, but also from the strict hierarchy of the troops and the distorted wind of abuse.

3

The fear of military service:the hidden inside story of the military camp

In Korea, people are very particular about class relations.

Complying with many”rituals” and”rules”, the highly-ranked South Korean troops emphasize seniority and military rank. Over time, the trend of superiors oppressing subordinates, and veterans abusing recruits has intensified.

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Battering recruits has always been common in the Korean army, Moon Jae-in also mentioned in his autobiography that he was in the barracks and witnessed the instructor beating the recruits.

In 2014, the media exposed In many units of the South Korean Army, there have been incidents of veterans abusing recruits. The methods include veterans hitting recruits with sabers, forcing recruits to swallow flies, and even sexually assaulting recruits.

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Many celebrities cannot escape the”care” of their superiors after enlisting in the army. Forced to cooperate with superiors to do many things beyond the scope of responsibility.

Han Sung Park Jung-soo’s fans once exposed During his military service, Park Jeong-soo was called up by his superiors in the middle of the night to record a video and sent to his family. Under pressure, he hosted a family gathering for his superiors. He was even asked to call the women’s group members and ask for contact information.

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< p>▲ Park Jung-soo

Korean star GD Quan Zhilong was secretly photographed by his companions during his service, and his private photos were leaked.

Super detailed” GD Observation Diary”, which recorded Quan Zhilong’s height, weight, moles on his body, and even the size of his underwear…It seems that he was secretly spied on every moment in the barracks.

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▲ Quan Zhilong

Later, it was discovered that his companion was photographed secretly just to make his girlfriend happy because he is a fan of Quan Zhilong.

In 2017, a Korean A four-star general named Park Canjoo was exposed in the”Slave Gate” scandal.

This admiral once forced himself Gongguan Soldiers (refers to soldiers living in the residences of commanders above the regiment level of the Korean troops and responsible for the commanders’ housework ), wearing a vibrating electronic bracelet like a slave, as long as he presses the bell, the bracelet will vibrate, and soldiers must Respond immediately.

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Not only that, his mansion soldiers also need to be responsible for giving him The wife cuts her toenails, performs housework such as laundry, and endures the insults of the couple at any time.

Once the incident was revealed, Public opinion is in an uproar:How is this to serve the country? It is simply to endure humiliation!

The oppression in the barracks The wind puts many soldiers under tremendous mental pressure, and suicides happen from time to time. Statistics show that between 1980 and 1995, there were as many as 9,000 deaths in South Korean troops. Suicide was the main cause of death.

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Although the South Korean government has been trying to adjust the service policy and management system in recent years , But Koreans’ fear of military service has not yet eased.

In China, soldiers are the cutest People, a family of soldiers, the whole family is glorious.

In Korea, join the army It has become a nightmare for many people to escape.

How absurd this world is, just How real. Text/Yu Ye Zi