The epidemic promotes the pace of energy clean and low-carbon transformation
2010-2019 Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area electricity consumption in the whole society, data sources:Statistics Bureau of the nine Pearl River Delta cities; Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department; Macau Statistics and Census Bureau
Yangcheng Evening News Media reporter Cheng Xinghuan
On November 20, the Energy Development Forum with the theme of the”14th Five-Year” energy and power transformation and development and the China Southern Power Grid Energy Development Research Institute 2020 research results conference was held in Guangzhou. At the meeting, China Southern Power Institute released eight power industry annual series of research reports, including the”Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Power Development Report”,”China Energy Supply and Demand Report”, and”China Power Industry Investment Development Report”. At the meeting, representatives from energy, government, well-known experts, scholars, and industry representatives jointly focused on the development of power transformation during the 14th Five-Year Plan, the development of oil and gas transformation during the 14th Five-Year Plan, the reform of the energy system during the 14th Five-Year Plan, and the energy industry In-depth exchanges and discussions were conducted on the opinions and hot topics of think tanks in industry fields such as new business formats and new models.
Among them, the”China Energy Supply and Demand Report” comparatively analyzes the global and my country’s energy development in 2019. The international energy supply and demand situation presents a new pattern. On the supply side, the focus of energy production is rapidly shifting to the western hemisphere, the shale gas revolution reshapes the oil and gas supply landscape, and the international oil and gas supply is developing towards multi-polarization; on the consumption side, the focus of energy consumption is shifting to the eastern hemisphere. Energy demand in emerging Asian countries continues to grow. The report pointed out that the global economic downturn in 2019 is obvious, and the growth rate of global energy consumption affected by this slowed to 1.3%, a year-on-year decrease of 1.5 percentage points. It is worth noting that in 2019, the contribution rate of non-fossil energy to global energy consumption growth reached 55.1%, becoming the main force driving energy consumption growth.
my country’s total energy consumption tends to grow steadily. In 2019, my country’s total energy consumption was 4.86 billion tons of standard coal, a year-on-year increase of 3.3%, and the growth rate was the same as the previous year. The proportion of non-fossil energy consumption in the five southern provinces has continued to increase. In 2019, its proportion was 28.9%, far higher than the national average of 15.2%.
The report also analyzed and judged the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic on the macro economy and the energy and power industry. In the first half of 2020, my country’s energy demand was severely affected by the epidemic, and the impact on the supply side was relatively small. After three months of negative growth, power consumption demand has gradually recovered since April. It is expected that my country’s total energy consumption will continue to grow in 2020, but the growth rate will slow down, and the proportion of clean energy power generation will further increase.
The”Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Power Development Report” pointed out that after the”Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Development Plan Outline” was issued, Guangdong, Hong Kong, and Macau have successively issued a series of policies to support the development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. , China Southern Power Grid also released key measures to serve the development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area to promote economic and power development. Data show that in 2019, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area’s GDP was 11.6 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 6.6%; the electricity consumption of the whole society was 548.3 billion kWh, a year-on-year increase of 5.0%. Among them, the electricity from west to east was sent to Guangdong. It reached 202.2 billion kWh, an increase of 5.1%year-on-year.
The report also focuses on the development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and compares the development of the world’s three major bay areas in depth. The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area has absolute advantages in area and population, and its economic scale is also comparable to that of the world’s three major bay areas. The Bay Area is the same, but the per capita GDP gap is obvious. In the future, the power demand in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area will continue to grow. The share of electricity consumption in the Pearl River Delta will further expand, the electricity demand in Hong Kong will be saturated, and the electricity consumption in Macau will basically maintain constant. It is estimated that by 2025, the annual electricity consumption of the whole society in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area will reach 700 billion kWh, and the maximum power consumption will reach 120 million kW.