How many Chinese are there overseas? The ten countries with the most Chinese
Speaking of overseas Chinese, I have to admit that Chinese figures can be found in almost every corner of the world. According to statistics, the number of overseas Chinese has reached more than 60 million, distributed in 198 countries and regions in the world.
Top 10 Chinese population rankings around the world
Indonesia Chinese:over 10 million
Let’s talk about Indonesia first. Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago country composed of more than 17,500 islands and the largest economy in Southeast Asia. Indonesia has the fourth largest population in the world, after China, India, and the United States.
In fact, Indonesia is recognized as the country with the most Chinese. According to statistics, about 5%of Indonesia’s population is Chinese, and the number exceeds 10 million, of which more than 90%have joined Indonesian nationality. Most Chinese in Indonesia come from the southern provinces of China, such as Fujian, Hainan, and Guangdong. Indonesian Chinese are mostly distributed in cities such as Jakarta, Surabaya, Medan, Pekanbaru, Semarang, Pontianak (Pontinak) , Xijiang (Makassar), Palembang, Bandung, Bangka and Penang etc.
However, due to some special historical reasons, local Chinese are more sensitive to their Chinese identity. In recent years, the Indonesian government has implemented a policy of democratic reform and opening up, and recognized the Chinese as a member of the Indonesian national family, and the status of the Chinese has improved. According to the official Indonesian census, there are currently approximately 2.8 million Indonesian Chinese who recognize Chinese identity.
With the rapid rise of China and the gradual improvement in relations with Indonesia, more and more Indonesian Chinese can claim to be Chinese with confidence.
Thai Chinese:about 10 million
At present, Thailand has more than 30 ethnic groups and population The total reached more than 60 million. The main ethnic group in the country is the Thai ethnic group, which accounts for 40%of the Thai population. The second most populous ethnic group is the Lao ethnic group, accounting for 35%of the total population. The Chinese accounted for 14%of the total population, and the Malay accounted for 2.3%of the total population. These ethnic groups account for the largest proportion of the total population of Thailand, while other ethnic groups account for a relatively small proportion.
Now there are nearly 10 million Chinese in Thailand, and most of the Chinese in Thailand come from my country’s Guangdong, Chaoshan, Xiamen and other regions. Thai Chinese have a long history and a large number of people, and they have made considerable contributions to the development of Thailand.
Malaysian Chinese is the second largest ethnic group in Malaysia, with about 7.4 million people, accounting for about 23%of the total population of Malaysia. According to the data, Malaysian Chinese (or Chinese) and Malaysian Chinese refer to the migration from Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan and other provinces of China to Migrants from Malaya and their descendants.
At present, the proportion of Chinese in the population structure of Malaysia is decreasing year by year. According to statistics from the Asian Institute of Strategy and Leadership, Malaysia’s largest independent think tank, if the country’s current trend of outward immigration remains unchanged, by 2030, the proportion of Malaysian Chinese in the national population will drop from 38.2%in 1957 to 19.6%.
Chinese Americans:5.08 million
Chinese Americans include those from China and all over the world, and later Chinese and their descendants who are naturalized as American citizens.
According to the latest data released by the US Federal Census Bureau, the total population of Asian Americans has reached 21.4 million, of which 5.08 million are the Chinese population. Most of them are concentrated in California, New York and metropolitan cities.
The Chinese Americans are mainly from Changle, Fujian, China, Lianjiang, Fuqing Other regions, Hebei Shijiazhuang Gaocheng, Hengshui and other regions, Northeast China.
Singapore Chinese:2.98 million
Singapore is China The only country outside of which the Chinese population is the majority. As of June 2019, Singapore has a total population of 5.7 million, with 4.03 million citizens and permanent residents. The Chinese account for 74%of the Singaporean population and are the largest ethnic group in Singapore. The rest are Malays, Indians and other races. Malay is the national language, English, Chinese, Malay, and Tamil are the official languages, and English is the administrative language.
In fact, Singapore’s early trade and development as a commercial center witnessed the growth of the huge Chinese community in the colony. The Chinese mainly come from the Minnan dialect, Chaozhou dialect, Cantonese, Hakka, Qiong dialect, and Fuzhou dialect groups in the southeastern coastal provinces of China such as Guangdong, Fujian and Hainan. Among them, 40%are South Fujianese, followed by Chaoshan, Cantonese, Hakka people, Hainanese and Fuzhou people, etc.
Chinese Canadian:1.77 million
According to the demographic analysis of Statistics Canada, there are about 1.77 million Chinese in Canada, and the proportion of Chinese in Vancouver has reached 21%.
The number of Chinese accounts for 5.1%of the total population, ranking seventh among all ethnicities. The top six are Canadian, British, Scottish, French, Irish and German. In the United States, which is also a major immigrant country, the proportion of Chinese is less than 1%.
Myanmar is adjacent to China, and the two countries share a common border of more than 2,000 kilometers. The two countries are friendly neighbors that depend on each other and share weal and woe. Since ancient times, the people of the two countries have formed caravans, wading through mountains and rivers, and engaged in trade activities such as the exchange of goods. As the boundaries between the two countries were not clear in ancient times, the land trade between Yunnan and Bamo led to the seasonal migration of”mountain Chinese” to Myanmar.
Currently, there are about 1.63 million Chinese in Myanmar, accounting for about 3%of the Myanmar population. The Chinese communities in Myanmar live in different regions.
In terms of distribution, in cities such as Yangon, the Chinese population is mainly Cantonese (including Cantonese, Hakka, Chaoshan, etc.) and Fujianese , Most of them operate small businesses; some have larger joint ventures with Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwanese capitalists. The Kokang Chinese and Muslim Chinese mainly live in the China-Myanmar border area.
Filipino Chinese:1.35 million
Currently, there are 1.35 million Chinese in the Philippines. His ancestors came from southern Fujian (Quanzhou, Zhangzhou, Xiamen) nine out of ten, with Quanzhou being the most. Among all Chinese Filipinos, regardless of whether they have been Philippine or not, more than eight or ninety percent are of Southern Fujian origin; the remaining 10 percent are mostly from Guangdong, and few other provinces. Hokkien (locally called Hokkien) is the common language of the Filipino Chinese community.
In fact, among the Filipinos, Chinese ancestry accounts for about 20%; for the current population of 120 million in the Philippines, those with Chinese ancestry may exceed 1,000 Million people. However, in the past, due to the underdevelopment of Chinese education, most people of Chinese descent rarely had the opportunity to receive Chinese education. Coupled with the belief in Catholicism, he became a pure Filipino.
Peru Chinese:1.3 million
There are currently 1.3 million Chinese in Peru. In Peru, Peruvian Asians are estimated to make up at least 5%of its population. A source material claims that the number of citizens of Chinese descent may be as high as 5 million, which is equivalent to 15%to 16%of the country’s total population. However, there is no research yet.
Most Chinese in Peru speak multiple languages. In addition to Spanish or Quechua, many of them can at least speak Mandarin Chinese and dialects. These include Cantonese, Hakka, Mandarin and Hokkien. Since the first Chinese immigrants came from Macau, some of them can also speak Portuguese.
Chinese Australian:1.214 million
Currently, the total Chinese population in Australia is about 1.214 million. It accounts for 3.9%of the total population. The Chinese community has become Australia’s largest non-English-speaking minority community group outside of English.
Currently choosing to stay in the Chinese community in Australia, from the last Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) released the national census data, the Chinese are not only in The number of Australia is increasing, and its influence on this country is increasing. It also plays a greater role in strengthening cultural exchanges and cooperation between the two countries.
In addition to the above 10 countries, there are three countries with a Chinese population of over one million:Vietnam, South Korea, and Cambodia. In addition, France, Japan, the United Kingdom, Venezuela, South Africa, Italy, Brazil, Russia, Spain, New Zealand span>, the Netherlands, Germany, India and other countries.
Divided by country and region, more than 70%of overseas Chinese are concentrated in Southeast Asia. Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia alone account for about 60 of the total number of overseas Chinese in the world.%.
Nowadays, as a bridge and link between China and the country of residence, overseas Chinese have become an important force in cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries.