2021-01-17

North America Observation丨The”U.S.-Mexico Border Wall Examination” is coming soon How will the new US administration respond?

By yqqlm yqqlm

On January 20th, the new President of the United States will be sworn in. At this time, the border between the United States and Mexico The wall will also face a”big exam”. Thousands of undocumented immigrants heading to the United States assembled in northern Honduras in Central America have set off.

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△Immigration caravans are in progress

Will the border wall, which is the most direct embodiment of the US government’s immigration policy, continue to be built?

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Trump at the US-Mexico border wall

Future US-Mexico relations And what kind of immigration policy the United States will adopt has become an important topic of eager attention from the outside world.

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△U.S. President-electBiden

“U.S.-Mexico Border Wall Examination” is coming soon During the outbreak, the Central American immigrant army set off for Mexico and other three countries busy preparing

Mexico is the only country with a land border in the south of the United States. There is a long border between the two countries, all from Central and South America, wanting to enter the United States. All illegal immigrants must pass through Mexico.

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△The desert area of ​​the border wall between Mexico and the United States

Because of such geographical conditions, the problem of illegal immigration has become impossible to bypass in the relationship between the United States and Mexico. A”pain point”.

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△The new U.S.-Mexico border wall under construction

The immigration problem has existed for a long time, and the imbalanced economic development between the United States and Mexico, including Central and South America, has caused huge wealth and poverty The gap is the root cause of the problem of illegal immigration.

The economic recession caused by the spread of the new crown pneumonia epidemic and the damage caused by two hurricanes such as”Ita” in November 2020 has made the situation worse.

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Central America‘s immigration team

Nowadays, the border wall and American immigration The policy is about to usher in a”big exam”. When a large number of immigrants reach the border wall, how will the United States respond?

Of course, not only the immigration policy of the United States will be tested, but Mexico and other countries along the road will also need to be forced to deal with the tests brought about by these immigrants under the raging epidemic.

The authorities of Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras announced on January 11 local time that they are preparing relevant measures To deal with the immigrants from northern Honduras to the United States.

This team of illegal immigrants was called on the Internet to gather. Since December 2020, there has been an invitation to form the”Immigration Caravan Team on January 15, 2021″ on social networks. They expect the United States to relax its immigration policy. Some analysts have pointed out that these immigrants have even calculated the date, and they want to take the opportunity to take advantage of the”quasi-vacuum period of border control” when the US President’s power transfers. Randomly enters the United States.

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△Immigration over the border wall

Mexico, El Salvador, and Guatemala people preparing to emigrate have responded to this call. They said they would join the Honduras team of illegal immigrants halfway through. Initiated the formation of an immigrant”caravan” team on social networks on January 15, departing from northern Honduras.

The authorities of the three countries, including Mexico, said that they will first determine what measures will be taken to deal with this immigrant team, and will also”prioritize helping unaccompanied minors and vulnerable groups.” The governments of the three countries stated that although “immigration is a right”, immigrants must also comply with cross-border regulations, especially the need to show a negative test for the new crown virus and identification documents, including the identification documents of accompanying minor children.

In fact, many immigrants can’t even produce their identity documents, let alone a negative test for the new coronavirus. Mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras also announced in a joint statement that they will support”safe, orderly, and legal” immigration and strengthen the fight against”illegal immigrant labor and human trafficking.”

But the mighty immigrant team is already on the way, what is their future?

The insoluble”border wall complex” Trump went to the US-Mexico border wall

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△Trump inspected the border wall

January 2017 The first thing Trump did after taking office was the signing of the Executive Order”Border Security and Improving Immigration Enforcement” on January 26, 2017, which formally instructed the US government to build a border wall on the US-Mexico border. Trump has also repeatedly stated that he would make Mexico pay for the wall.

Seeing that 4 years have passed, as of October 2020, the Trump administration has built about 600 kilometers of border walls, most of which include repairs or rectification of the previous border barriers. Billion dollars.

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△Building the border wall

But it is worth mentioning that Mexico did not pay for it. The cost of building the wall is paid by American taxpayers.

On January 12, 2021, when the presidential term was less than 10 days, even in the face of being impeached again, Trump still insisted on going to the Alamo town in Texas, USA. Witness the completion of the 600-kilometer-long border wall and emphasize the achievements of his government’s work on the border wall. Trump’s visit was his first public appearance after the shock incident in Congress on January 6.

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△Trump visited the border wall on January 12 and delivered a speech

Will the President-elect Biden respond to the immigration wave as soon as he takes office?

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△Biden (pictured left) and Trump (pictured right)

According to the Pentagon’s report, if President-elect Biden immediately stops building the wall after he is sworn in, Will save 2.6 billion US dollars in expenses.

Analytical data shows that the US government has invested about 15 billion U.S. dollars in the construction of the separation wall, one-third of which came from Congress, and the remaining funds are embezzled from the budget of the Department of Defense and the anti-drug program.

On the issue of the construction of the border wall, according to US media reports, President-elect Biden is likely to drastically modify Trump’s immigration policy after he takes office.

In 2018 and 2019, the Central American immigration”caravan” incident will find that in response to the illegal immigrants, US President Trump has ordered the strengthening of border control measures and even deployed a large number of military personnel at the border .

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△Central and South American immigrants driven by the police

and asked the Mexican government to cooperate with the so-called”Remain in Mexico” policy of the United States. In January 2019, the Trump administration began to implement the”Immigration The Protection Agreement implements a “stay in Mexico” policy, requiring illegal immigrants from Central America who are trying to seek asylum in the United States to stay in a border city on the Mexican side and wait for the US court to accept asylum applications.

This policy has caused many illegal immigrants to stay in Mexico. Analysts criticized it as a unilateral shirking of problems and responsibilities.

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△Immigration and the Mexican border police

The Mexican government emphasized that Mexico should not be blamed for illegal immigration flows. The Mexican Ministry of the Interior said that it will work out a plan with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to deal with the issue of illegal immigrants stranded in the country. It also stated that Mexico will work with the governments of the United States, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador to tackle the problem of illegal immigration.

Trump has previously warned that ending his immigration policy and encouraging immigration will lead to”an unprecedented wave of illegal immigration.” However, US President-elect Biden has promised to revoke the”remain in Mexico” policy.

There are reports that Mexico and other countries are trying to stop this wave of caravan immigration. Analysts of the Biden team have said:”If Biden has just taken office, there will be a large-scale immigration wave. It is worrying.”

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△Border and American flag

Now there are only a few days before the US presidential transfer of power on January 20. How will President-elect Biden handle the border? The problem of the wall and immigration tide has attracted attention from all parties. (Headquarters reporter Sheng Jiadi and Lu Xinglin)

(Original title:North American Observation丨The”U.S.-Mexico Border Wall Examination” is coming soon. How will the new US government respond?)