Practicing ecological priority and green development Hunan builds a strong ecological barrier in the hinterland of the Yangtze River
China News Service, Changsha, January 31st (Reporter Lu Yi) Hunan is located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, with 163 kilometers of the Yangtze River coastline and Dongting Lake, known as the “Kidney of the Yangtze River”. It is the “large hinterland of the Yangtze River Economic Belt” “And the “hard backbone” are important positions to promote the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt.
Adhering to the development orientation of “to protect and not engage in large-scale development”, Hunan earnestly puts the protection and restoration of the ecological environment of the Yangtze River in an overwhelming position, and develops while protecting and protecting while developing. Over the past five years, changes have been happening here.
From the source of the Xiangjiang River to the mouth of the Dongting Lake into the Yangtze River, the ecological environment of Hunan has been gratifyingly improved; from the relocation of old industrial bases to the cultivation of emerging industries, Hunan continues to break down and build new ones; regenerate the destroyed landscape The “Golden Mountain and Silver Mountain” of enriching the people has become a new idea for the development of Hunanese.
Dongting Lake wetland ushered in more and more The more wintering migratory birds. Photo by Li Jianzhi
Promote ecosystem restoration with retreat for advancement
Under the warm winter sun, Datong Lake in Yiyang, Hunan, known as the “heart of the Dongting”, has a clear sky and a large number of overwintering Migratory birds roost and feed on the beaches. With the improvement of the ecological environment, more and more migratory birds come here to overwinter. Monitoring data show that there are 15 species of migratory birds that will overwinter in 2020, and the total number exceeds 100,000.
Dongting Lake is the second largest freshwater lake in China and an important storage lake in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. It plays an important role in protecting the flood control safety of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and the ecological safety of the Yangtze River Basin.
To protect the clear waters of one river, Hunan will focus on the joint governance of the “one river, one lake and four waters” system, and build the secretary of the provincial party committee as the first chief river chief and the governor as the chief river chief. A five-level river (lake) long-term management system covering all responsibilities of cities, counties, townships, and villages. With the determination and courage of strong men to break their arms, speed up the shutdown and transfer of heavy chemical enterprises, carry out bans on arrests, retreat from arrests, and remove net cages. , Rectify illegal sand mining at illegal docks, and coordinately promote water safety protection, water ecological restoration and water pollution control in the basin.
Hunan successively shut down and eradicated all 39 illegal docks along the Yangtze River’s main stream, completed the closure and dismantling of 42 berths and renovated berths; promoted the withdrawal of all poultry breeding in the forbidden areas in the Dongting Lake basin, and a comprehensive nature reserve Prohibition of mining, all removal of sand and gravel docks, removal of all European and American black poplars in the core area, complete rectification of illegal short fences, and complete closure of 94 pulp and paper companies; promote the relocation and transformation of chemical companies within 1 km of the Yangtze River coastline. “Chemical encirclement of the river” found a new idea; as of October 2020, Hunan has filed 20,457 fishing boats and 28,148 fishermen withdraw from the main stream of the Yangtze River, Dongting Lake and the main stream of “Xiangzi Yuanli”.
The ecology of Dongting Lake area has been fundamentally improved. In 2019, the average concentration of total phosphorus in Dongting Lake area dropped by 41% compared with 2015, which is close to the Grade III water quality standard. There are more than 247,000 migratory birds overwintering in Dongting Lake, a record of nearly 10 years. The most stable population of finless porpoises is 220, and the population of elk is 164. The beautiful scenes of egrets flying, elk playing, and finless porpoise prancing reappear in Dongting Lake.
From January to November 2020, the water section of the Yangtze River stably reached Class II water quality, the highest level for many years. By planting trees and grasses on the suitable forest land on the Bund of the Yangtze River in Hunan and replanting suitable forest land along the visible area of the Yangtze River, Hunan has completed a total of 19,5993 acres of the Yangtze River coastline, prompting the 163 kilometers of the Yangtze River coastline to become a beautiful “landscape”. Nowadays, along the river, the reeds are undulating with the wind, luxuriant, and the sky is the same color. The local residents sincerely praised that the water became clear and the embankment turned green.
East Dongting Lake wetland. Photo by Lu Yi
Transformation and upgrading to increase economic “green gold content”
Like the development trajectory of many domestic and foreign cities, some old industrial bases in Hunan grow along the river, and the extensive development model brings The incoming pollution not only threatens the ecology of rivers and lakes, but also gradually trapped the new development of these old industrial bases. Efforts are made to change the extensive development model and live a “tight life” in the capacity of the ecological environment. A series of mandatory and binding standards have forced the adjustment of Hunan’s industrial structure to increase the “green gold content” of economic development.
The Zhuzhou Qingshui Pond, which is close to the Xiangjiang River, was once an important smelting and chemical base in China, and it has also become one of the pilot projects for the relocation and transformation of old industrial areas in the country determined by the National Development and Reform Commission in recent years. In 2017, Zhuzhou started the relocation and reconstruction of the Qingshuitang Old Industrial Zone. As of the end of 2018, all 261 companies in the area had closed down. Towering chimneys, row upon row of roaring machinery chemical plants, finally become history.
“The big relocation is not pollution transfer, but transformation and upgrading to usher in new development.” said Liu Jiyong, head of the integrated management group of the Qingshuitang Relocation and Reconstruction Command. After the relocation and renovation of Qingshui Pond, with the arrival and rapid construction of major projects such as Sany Energy Equipment, Greenland Binjiang Science and Technology Innovation Park, Henghe Industry and Trade Headquarters, an eco-technological new city will rise on the shore of the Xiangjiang River.
The caprolactam industry of Sinopec Baling Petrochemical Company, about 1 km away from the Yangtze River, is undergoing a huge transformation of relocation and industrial chain upgrading. From an annual output of 300,000 tons of caprolactam products to an annual output of 600,000 tons of caprolactam industrial products and downstream industry projects, from the original area of 4000 acres to a new project site of only 2650 acres, the lactam industry chain after the relocation has higher productivity and pollution Emissions have declined, and the industrial chain will be appropriately extended through cooperation with downstream companies to form a new pattern of coordinated development of the entire polyamide industry chain in Yueyang, which will bring an increase of 100 billion yuan in GDP to the local area.
Hunan has closed a total of 1,563 “scattered pollution” enterprises and more than 1,200 heavy-duty enterprises, and completed the five major projects of Zhuzhou Qingshuitang, Xiangtan Zhubu Port, Hengyang Shuikoushan, Chenzhou 36 Bay, and Loudi Tin Mine Relocation of key areas and environmental treatment and restoration of key areas with first-class heavy metal pollution.
In recent years, Hunan has also vigorously implemented industrial project construction actions, gathering element resources to supplement the chain, strengthen the chain, and extend the chain. In 2020, Hunan’s high-tech enterprises will exceed 8,000, and the added value of high-tech industries will reach nearly one trillion yuan. Hunan is striving to explore ways to realize the value of ecological products, and actively promote the creation of a green development demonstration zone in the Yangtze River Economic Belt.
Ecological Fumin Road with green and gold painting
Shanpo Lake, located in Anfeng Township, Anxiang County, Changde City, is a semi-enclosed storage lake in the Dongting Lake water system. It is also a famous fishery breeding base. Once large-scale fertilization was used for farming, and the fish was exhausted, which once made this clear pearl eclipsed.
Huang Xiaolin, an old fisherman in his early 60s, who grew up on the lakeside and has been dealing with Shanpo Lake for a lifetime, originally planned to go to Shenzhen with his son to take care of his life a few years ago. The county adopted five major treatment measures: “Comprehensive investment ban, lake pollution interception, key dredging, multiple points of running water, and ecological restoration”. It took three years to comprehensively remediate Shanpo Lake. Now Shanpo Lake has lush grass and fresh lake breeze. Huang Xiaolin not only stopped going to Shenzhen, but also took her granddaughter back to take care of her.
After the ecological environment improves, the income of surrounding villagers also begins to diversify. The county is building an ecological fish brand. In the future, villagers’ ecological fish farming will sell for a good price; the management and construction companies introduced by the Shanpo Lake Water Conservancy and Landscape Management Office give villagers priority to work.
“The purpose of controlling the lake is to create a veritable tourist destination, and the purpose of industrial transformation is to make Shanpo Lake a firm foothold in the brand highland of’Anxiang Farmhouse’.” Director of Shanpo Lake Water Conservancy Scenic Area Management Office Wang Zhongji described the future like this. On the basis of respecting the shape and appearance of the lake, the management area also creates a leisure and tourism route around the lake, and builds hydrophilic platforms, corridors, pedestrian trails and other facilities. Ecological breeding plus tourism has become a unique new local resource.
Yiyang Yuanjiang on the bank of South Dongting Lake uses reeds all over the wetland of Dongting Lake to start a new industry of 10 billion yuan. Reed is a high-quality raw material for papermaking. When the paper industry in the Dongting Lake area was prosperous, the price of reed also went up. After the high-polluting industries such as the paper industry in Dongting Lake were shut down, the remaining reeds became a heavy ecological burden.
Yuanjiang, which has 450,000 acres of high-yield reed wetland, sets its sights on asparagus, the bud of reeds, and proposes to promote the construction of asparagus industrialization in Yuanjiang, build a new industrial chain of 10 billion yuan, and realize the transformation from traditional papermaking to ecological In the transformation and upgrading of healthy food, with Yuanjiang asparagus as the main raw material, dozens of products have been developed such as noodles, dietary fiber powder, enzymes, and peptide beverages.
Currently, the asparagus industry is blooming everywhere in Yuanjiang. During the peak period of reed picking in March and April every year, the local light picking employs nearly 30,000 people, and the average household labor income is nearly 30,000 yuan, which has become a new wealth of the lake area.
At present, Hunan is implementing the “three highs and four new” strategy. The leaders in Hunan emphasized that the construction of the Yangtze River Economic Belt should be integrated and integrated, and the water environment, water ecology, water resources, water security, The organic connection between water culture and shoreline, in order to focus on protection, governance, and construction, demonstrates new responsibilities in promoting the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt. (End)