2021-02-10

Chinese New Year’s Eve is approaching. Don’t forget to tell your children about the history, legends, customs and taboos of the New Year

By yqqlm yqqlm

Wen|Ning Mom

“Twenty-eight, make noodles; twenty-nine, steamed buns; three Ten children sit for one night at night; twist and twist on the first day of the new year.”

Life flies so fast, it’s New Year’s Eve when you look at it, and it’s the climax of the Spring Festival. . Lanterns were hung on the trees in the community, lanterns were hung between two adjacent trees, and the gate was affixed with the word”Fu”. The green leaves and red flowers in the big flowerpots were renewed, and sporadic firecrackers were heard. The atmosphere gradually thickened.

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Now the memory still stays in the scene of the New Year as a child , Children are the main body of inheritance of traditional festivals. During the Chinese New Year, children experience and accept knowledge and ideas first-hand. After many years of accumulation, they can affect their lives. Their cognition, attitude and behavior of traditional festival culture will also directly affect the subsequent inheritance and development.

If you want your children to retain a clear memory of the Spring Festival after decades like us, don’t forget to tell them the origins, legends, customs and taboos of the New Year.

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Tell the children the origin of the New Year

< p>In different dynasties, the name of the year is different, the meaning is different, and the time is different. After many changes, the current year is born. The Spring Festival in the true sense is more than 100 years old.

The name of the year:

In ancient times, the year was called”La”.

In the period of Yao and Shun, it was called”carriage”, which means celestial bodies and stars carry a week.

Xia Dynasty is called”year”, meaning one year longer.

In the Shang Dynasty, it was called”sacrifice”, which means that the four o’clock has passed, and history should be compiled to worship the ancestors of gods.

The Zhou Dynasty began to call it”year”, which means grain harvest.

In the pre-Qin period, it was called”Shangri” and”Yuanri”.

It was called”Zhengri” in the Han Dynasty,

It was called”Yuanzheng” and”Yuanchen” in the Wei and Jin Dynasties.

After the Xinhai Revolution in 1912, it was called the”Spring Festival”.

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New Year’s time:

At first, people set the winter solstice day as the New Year.

Qin Shihuang changed the New Year to the first day of October.

In the Han Dynasty, the Spring Festival is a general term for a period of time, from the the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month or the twenty-third of the twelfth lunar month until the first lunar month fifteen. New Year’s Eve and New Year’s Day are the climax of the Spring Festival.

During the Republic of China, the Lunar New Year was called”Spring Festival”. This is the Spring Festival we celebrate now, so it has a history of more than 100 years.
The current Spring Festival also lasts from the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month to the fifteenth day of the first lunar month. Children start school on the sixteenth day of the first lunar month, which also means that the new year is over.

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Tell the children the legend of the New Year

< p>Telling children the legends of the New Year can open the children’s mind, mobilize their interest in learning traditional culture, and provide them with nourishment for their knowledge and wisdom.

There are different versions of Chinese New Year legends, and you can tell them all to your children.

Version 1:

New Year is a monster with huge horns on its head, scales on its body, sharp teeth and claws, and every New Year’s Eve, Will wake up from the sleeping seabed and hurt livestock and humans.

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One year, when everyone was about to flee, the village came An old man drove away the nian beast by sticking red paper, lighting candles, and burning bamboo. Because Nian Beast is afraid of red color, fire, and explosion, the custom of sticking couplets, watching the year, and setting off firecrackers became popular.

Version two: Xi is a monster, and Nian is a child. With the help of people burning bamboo poles, they used red silk to drive Xi away. To celebrate the victory, people have the name New Year’s Eve and New Year.

These two legends can be specifically understood by watching two animations, see At the Spring Festival, watch 3 domestic cartoons with your children to understand the essence of traditional culture and have a strong taste of the new year

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Tell children about the customs of the New Year

Professor Duncan Mitchell, a well-known British sociologist, said:“The term custom refers to the established way of thinking”. Customs are habits and customs, the result of long-term cultural accumulation and conventions, and a typical historical and cultural phenomenon. It can be said that with custom, there is inheritance.

1, post Spring Festival couplets, set off firecrackers:

“The sound of firecrackers is a year old, and the spring breeze sends warmth into Tusu. Thousands of households always exchange new peaches for old ones.”

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The custom of pasting Spring Festival couplets and setting off firecrackers comes from the legend of the New Year, which has the meaning of exorcising evil and avoiding disasters.

Some families now only post the word”Fu”. The left side of the word”Fu” is”clothes” and the right side is”Yikoutian”, which symbolizes adequate food and clothing. Nowadays, people want to be blessed. Safety, health, and happiness are all manifestations of happiness. The blessing font shows people’s yearning and wishes for a better life.

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2, eat New Year’s Eve dinner

Qing Jialu” Volume 12 records:”New Year’s Eve, a family feast, The long and young salty gathering is often auspicious, and the name is”New Year’s Eve Dinner”.”

The Spring Festival is a day of reunion. The families scattered across all corners of the country are all rushing home during the Spring Festival. , In order to have a table of New Year’s Eve dinner. The New Year’s Eve dinner is quite hearty, with chicken, duck and fish, which means good and rich.

No matter how much food there are, dumplings are indispensable. Dumplings are usually stuffed with cabbage and tofu, which is very particular. The homonyms of”cai” and”cai” in cabbage have the meaning of making a fortune. Tofu is a homonym for tofu and”fu”, and tofu dumplings mean”doufu”,”dufu” and”dufu”, and they are also a symbol of wealth. Some still pack coins in dumplings, and whoever eats them will be blessed.

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3, Shou Sui p>

Su Shi“Shou Sui”:”Will there be no years next year, I fear to waste my thoughts; try hard Tonight, young people can still boast!”

After eating the New Year’s Eve dinner, people began to make a routine, and now it’s the Spring Festival Gala. I didn’t go to bed until twelve o’clock in the night. When we were young, after twelve o’clock, we started setting off firecrackers to celebrate the New Year, and then we went to sleep.

Shou Sui is to say goodbye to the past year and welcome the arrival of the new year. What is passed to children is the philosophy of life of loving life and cherishing time.

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4. Wear new clothes

“Zhuzhongzhi””At the beginning of spring, there is no noble and low…There are also grass, insects, butterflies, or hairpins at the first to meet the festival.”

Before the Spring Festival, I had my hair cut, changed my hairstyle, and prepared new clothes. The day of the Spring Festival is renewed from head to toe, welcoming the new year with a brand-new attitude, leaving the old and welcoming the new, heralding the infinite beauty of life.

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5. New year’s money

Sui in the New Year’s money is homonymous with”祟”, “祟” is an inauspicious thing. The original meaning of the New Year’s money is a blessing, blessing the coming year to be safe and healthy, auspicious, and all year long. very nice.

New year’s money should be wrapped in a red paper bag, very solemn and very ritual. Now that electronic red envelopes are popular, the sense of ritual is not so strong. It is better to use real red envelopes for children.

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6. Happy New Year

On the first day of the first lunar month to pay a New Year’s greeting is also a good opportunity to teach children to respect their elders.

New Year’s greetings are when the elders and the juniors go to the relatives and friends’ houses to visit, and to say some auspicious words, such as “Happy New Year”, to send one’s most sincere blessings.

In some places, the custom of kowtow is still reserved for the elders, and in some places, bowing is used instead. No matter which form, it reflects the respect of the younger generation to the elders.

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Tell children about the taboos of the New Year

< p>When I was young, Chinese New Year was a very sacred day. You can’t cry or talk nonsense, or you will be criticized by your grandparents and say”this is unlucky.” Whenever you want to speak, your tongue has to go around your mouth three times, for fear of saying the wrong thing and bringing bad luck.

From the beginning of New Year’s Eve, until the first day of the new year, you must speak carefully. Some words that mean no or finished can’t be said, but another way of saying it. For example, break the bowl to say”Peace”.

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Do not sweep the floor or take out the garbage on the first day of the first month. People think that rubbish will take away luck and wealth. I remember there were firecrackers in the yard when I was young, and there was no one to clean all the debris.

There are other places where you can only eat leftovers on New Year’s Eve without using a knife to cook. Basically, there is really no need to cook for the first day of the new year. There are a lot of dumplings on New Year’s Eve, and there are ready-made meals prepared before, which only need to be heated.

Of course, many places are not too particular about this, but the customs always have to be known to children.

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Chinese New Year is not only a lot of entertainment, but also delicious Meals and festivals with a lot of free time are also festivals for educating children to have traditional virtues such as love of life, pursuit of health, respect for the old and the young, unity and harmony. By telling children the origins, legends, customs and taboos of the New Year, let the children understand our New Year culture, pass it on and continue.

I am Ningma Wuyu, the mother of two children, dedicated to cultivating sunny and active children. Welcome to follow me and move forward together on the road of parenting.