In “Hello, Li Huanying”, the homesickness of generations of factory and mine children is hiddenBy yqqlm yqqlm
Chinanews client, Beijing, March 1st (Reporter Yuan Xiuyue) More than a week after the Spring Festival holiday, the single-day box office of “Hello, Li Huanying” is still in the order of 100 million yuan, and the total box office is also moving towards the 5 billion mark. Advance.
Some people conclude that this is the power of empathy. The sincere emotions of Jia Ling and her mother gave many viewers the experience of howling and crying in the theater.
“Hello, Li Huanying “Poster
Mother and daughter love, this is the protagonist in the eyes of ordinary people. But there is a group of factory and mine children. When they are watching the movie, they will look at the factory area behind Li Huanying—the “Shengli Chemical Factory” in the movie. In reality, they are shot at the state-owned Weidong Machinery Factory in Xiangyang, 603. Chuangyuan and Hubei Chemical Fiber Factory.
“The scenes of the movie are what I have lived in.” Someone said so.
The factory located in Xiangyang, Hubei, why has it become the epitome of the hometown of many factory and mine children?
“Hello, Li Huanying “Stills
What is a factory and mine child? Literally understood, it is a child who grew up in the factory. During their growth, they have a common background, three-line construction.
From the mid-1960s to the early 1970s, my country carried out large-scale heavy industry construction in the southwest and northwest inland areas. Groups of workers, cadres, intellectuals, and PLA officers and soldiers responded to the call and rushed from all corners of the country to third-tier areas to support construction.
According to the three-line construction policy —— “Big dispersion, small concentration”, “set up large camps by mountains and rivers”, many factories are built in sparsely populated mountainous areas or wasteland. The location of “Hello, Li Huanying”, Weidong Machinery Factory (now Hubei Weidong Holding Group Co., Ltd.) is surrounded by mountains, with the winding Han River in the distance.
This special environment has left many special memories for the children of factories and mines. Speaking of the years of living in the factory before the age of 7, Chen Jingzhi still remembers vividly. “Our Shaoguan Iron and Steel Plant is a complex of factories and mines opened out of blasted mountains. It is a factory and mine opened in a ravine. So when I was a child, I saw wild bees flying, weasels biting chickens, hedgehogs, snakes, rabbits, and bats. ”
He is the second generation of the factory who is about the same age as Jia Ling. His father is a music teacher at the workers’ school, and his mother works in the pharmacy of the workers’ hospital. At that time, his house was on the first floor of the factory and mine dormitory area, and he still remembered that Hornet made a nest on the window sill of his house. “My dad is very good. He got the hornet’s nest down without any protection.”
Hubei Weidong Holding Group Co., Ltd., tourists are taking pictures. Photo by Hu Chuanlin
Pan Yichao, the leader of the Douban team “Changkuangzi”, has a similar experience. He grew up in a third-line military factory in the mountains of western Liaoning. From his father’s entry in 1954 to the bankruptcy of the factory in 2005, his family lived in the factory for fifty years.
Pan Yichao recalled that in the spring of 1967, their factory moved to the deep mountains of Nurulhu in western Liaoning. Thousands of male workers, including his father, set out first to set up camp in Laoyuli, deep mountain. . In order to keep up with the production schedule, they live in sheds in summer and in rammed earth houses that are “dry bases” in winter. Since there is no large-scale mechanical engineering equipment, many infrastructure projects can only be carried by manual shoulders. They laid roads on the ground, erected electric wires, built factories, and repaired dams. They were on the construction site for more than three years.
On the other side, production and life in the old factory in Heilongjiang are continuing. “This kind of life in two places is very common during the third-line construction period. Jiang Wenli in “Golden Wedding” is very hard to pull four children alone. This plot is very real. My mother is more relaxed than Jiang Wenli. At the time, she only cared about my brother and my sister. , I’m not born yet.” Pan Yichao said.
Hubei Weidong Holding Group Limited, tourists are taking pictures. Photo by Hu Chuanlin
Small corporate society with everything available
In the movie, Jia Xiaoling did not hesitate to pretend to be blind in order to make her mother the first person to have a TV in the entire factory. Because she knows that the topic of television will become a conversation between them for many years to come.
For Zhang Lin, who grew up in a ramie factory, this feeling is not difficult to understand. When she was very young, she had a 9-inch TV at home. “At that time, there were only one of the three in our house. We lived on the third floor. There were a lot of people sitting around each night, and the house couldn’t be crowded.”
She felt familiar with not only the TV, but also the plane tree. , Concrete road and brick walls, her mother and Li Huanying dressed the same, “simple and generous with a big white teeth.”
“Hello, Li Huanying “Stills
Back in 1981, the scenes in the movie almost did not leave the factory. The canteen, dormitory, cinema, and commissary were all in the factory.
In fact, in the 1980s and 1990s, this was the common track of factory employees. “Before the restructuring of state-owned enterprises, the factory was equal to a town, with everything.” Chen Jingzhi described.
The state-owned factory has contracted all social services, that is, “enterprises run society”. Whether it is social interaction or leisure and entertainment, the service facilities in the factory are all available.
Spatial distribution of a factory in the west Picture
Pan Yichao believes that “taking the factory as a home” was a kind of spirit in the past, but now it is also their living condition. He summed up the characteristics of their communities in one sentence: a self-contained homogeneous collective life.
“Comparing the third-tier factories across the country, you will find that they are basically the same in terms of land layout, architectural style, etc., and the regularity is very obvious.” Pan Yichao mentioned that many cities still retain a large number of “Khrushchev Tower”, their factory also has the older “Su-style building” and the red brick tube building. Similar old brick buildings have appeared in the movies “The Piano of Steel” and “Charlotte Troubles”. staff domitory.
“The sparrow is small in size Pan Yichao introduced that the factory’s “logistics collective” has a cold drink factory, a staff canteen, a staff store, and a staff bath. Initially, no money was collected but only tickets were collected, which resulted in various tickets.
There are also TV stations and newspapers in the factory. What he remembers most is the loudspeakers of the radio station. Since the establishment of the factory, the 20 loudspeakers of the whole factory broadcast three times in the morning, afternoon and evening. You don’t need to look at your watch when you ride a bike to eat, you can count the time with your ears.
“Broad speakers broadcast The prelude “Singing the Motherland”, I have lived in the factory for 18 years, and listened to it 18,000 times. My parents have lived in the factory for 50 years, which is equivalent to listening to it 50,000 times. So, when When “Singing for the Motherland” sounded at the opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympics, our family couldn’t help tears in our eyes.” Pan Yichao said.
There are also employee kindergartens, children’s primary and secondary schools, employee technical schools, and factory TV universities in the factory. Pan Yichao recalled that the teaching level of Zidi Middle School was average, and the only advantage was convenience. Especially close to home, his home is more than 200 meters away from the school. When there is a thunder and rain, he raises his hand to ask for leave, and ran home to pick up the clothes to dry. When parents go to work during the holidays, they all become “key boys”.
The movie “I 11” Stills.
“This can be regarded as the largest’spatial reconstruction’ since the founding of China. In this change, not only the’regional space’ is changed, but also the reorganization of social relations.” The researcher pointed out that batches of technicians and front-line workers are not only building a factory, but also an emotional community.
After Pan Yichao graduated and started to work, he used to travel around the world for ten years to run business. He used to think that his experience was unique and not worthy of outsiders. But during his business trip, he encountered many customers who were children of factories and mines. After chatting, I realized that everyone has a common experience.