Plateau vegetable greenhouses “add vegetables” to the table of Tibetans
China News Service, Lhasa, February 27th, title: Plateau vegetable greenhouses “add vegetables” to the tables of Tibetans
Dongga agricultural and sideline products wholesale market in Dulongdeqing District, Lhasa is the largest vegetable and fruit distribution center in Tibet. Every morning, There is a lot of traffic here. “The total amount of vegetables coming in and out every day is about 150 tons, of which nearly half are grown in local greenhouses.” The market manager Tenzin told a reporter from China News Agency on the 27th that most of the vegetables in the market are locally produced in the summer.
On February 26, Wang Youjun, a merchant at the Yaowangshan Farmer’s Market in Lhasa, placed leafy vegetables. Most of the vegetables he sold were grown locally in Tibet. Photo by Gongsanlam, a reporter from China News Service.
Tibet is located in the southwestern part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, with an average altitude of more than 4,000 meters. The special geographical environment has caused the lack of vegetable intake in Tibet in the past to be the norm. Bian Ba Dunzhu, a farmer and herdsman in Bailang County, Xigaze, said that from the 1960s to the 1990s, Tibet was not rich in materials. The only vegetables they came into contact with were Tibetan radishes, which were generally eaten in summer.
Mao Fuping, 46, is a native of Chengdu, Sichuan. In 1998, he began to grow vegetables in Dudi Township in the northern suburbs of Lhasa. “My third uncle started growing vegetables in Lhasa in the 1980s to make a living. It was his recommendation that I came to Tibet.” He said that at that time he owned 4 greenhouses built with bamboo poles, mainly growing cabbage and radishes. And cowpea.
It’s not smooth to grow vegetables on the plateau. “In 1999, there was a heavy snowfall in Lhasa, and the support of the bamboo sheds was not enough. Four sheds collapsed and three.” Mao Fuping said, this is very important for just getting a foothold. For them, the loss was heavy.
Fortunately, fresh vegetables were sold in Tibet at that time. Since then, the scale of Lhasa has continued to expand. In 2008, Mao Fuping moved the greenhouse to the outskirts of the city more than 20 kilometers away. “Now there are 20 or 30 varieties that everyone grows: green peppers, leeks, celery, carrots, peas, eggplants, etc.”
In addition to the people’s spontaneous market behavior, the Tibetan government also encourages farmers and herdsmen to actively participate. Expand the planting area of greenhouses. Also in the 1990s, Bailang County, Tibet, began to build greenhouses with the assistance of Shandong Province, a strong vegetable growing province in China. Technical personnel from Shandong guided local farmers and herdsmen to grow vegetables and fruits.
In mid-January of 2021, the reporter saw in Bailang County that high-efficiency greenhouses with automatic drip irrigation, temperature control systems, and soilless cultivation techniques were standing on the banks of the Nianchu River.
According to the official introduction of Bailang County, at present, more than one-third of the households in the county participate in greenhouse planting. The county has 11 leading industrialized enterprises above the city level, 951 family farms and large growers, producing fruits and vegetables There are more than 100 kinds of vegetables, and the market share of vegetables produced in Bailang County has increased year by year.
Panduo, 23, serves as the team leader in the Mount Everest Modern Agricultural Technology Innovation Expo Park in Bailang County, responsible for the nursery, transplanting, and watering of several sheds. She said that she was a nearby villager, and she was closer to work. She usually eats some tsampa and drinks a few cups of butter tea for breakfast every day, and then goes to work in the greenhouse, and most of her lunch and dinner are with her family. “I will fry two or three dishes for lunch and eat more noodles at night.”
Previously, Chen Hao, secretary of the Bailang County Party Committee, said in an interview that the greenhouse has changed Bailang and the lives of farmers and herdsmen. He believes that farmers and herdsmen have changed from a relatively simple diet in the past to a rich combination of meat and vegetables, so that the nutrition is more balanced and healthy.
According to the official data released by Tibet, the vegetable planting area in the region has reached 387,500 mu, with an annual output of 771,900 tons. The self-sufficiency rate of vegetables in major cities and towns in summer and autumn is over 80%, and the self-sufficiency rate in winter and spring is about 60%. . Coupled with transfers from outside the district, Tibetan people’s dining tables are becoming more abundant. (End)