The study found that the Gulf Stream in the Atlantic Ocean is extremely weak
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Scientists believe that part of the current slowdown is related to climate warming and melting ice, which are changing the balance of ocean waters. The Gulf Stream across the east coast of the United States is an important part of a system called the Atlantic Meridian Overturning Circulation or AMOC.
Interestingly, this slowdown of ocean currents is one of the premises of the well-known disaster film “The Day After Day” released in 2004, which discussed the consequences of the complete cessation of the ocean currents.
Scientists say that the sudden cessation of ocean currents will not come soon. Researchers believe that compared with 1950, the circulation speed of ocean currents has slowed by at least 15%. Researchers say that in the past thousand years, the degree of weakening of ocean currents is unprecedented. They also believe that the slowing of ocean currents is having an impact on the earth.
They predict that by the end of this century, if the earth Continuing to heat up, the circulation may slow by 34% to 45%. Although most of the heat entering the earth is redistributed by the atmosphere, some of it is transferred by ocean currents through a method called the “global ocean conveyor belt.” This is a global ocean current system that connects the world’s oceans, moving in different directions in the horizontal and vertical directions.
Research shows that the Atlantic part of the conveyor belt, namely AMOC drives the water flow system to move at 100 times the flow of the Amazon River. Scientists believe that as the melting of ice in the Arctic accelerates, the speed of ocean currents is continuing to slow down.