2021-03-31

After the Suez Canal resumes navigation

By yqqlm yqqlm

After the Suez Canal resumes navigation

After the Suez Canal resumes navigation

Picture A freighter sailing on the Suez Canal taken in Ismailia Province, Egypt on March 30. According to the Xinhua News Agency

The Egyptian Suez Canal Authority stated on March 29 that the freighter Long Grant, which had been trapped in the Suez Canal for nearly a week, had successfully escaped its stranding. As the canal shipping gradually returns to normal, the aftermath of the incident is also steadily advancing. On the afternoon of March 30, local time, Egyptian President Sisi visited the Suez Canal Authority Maritime Training and Simulation Center and said that Egypt’s proper handling of this incident demonstrated the key role of the Suez Canal in world trade and the Egyptians’ defense of Suez. The determination of the canal.

The canal crisis gathers the hearts of the Egyptian people

Sisi said that the Suez Canal Authority has 150 years of experience in managing canals, shipbuilding and global trade logistics, and has encountered several crises. . But whether it was the crisis of nationalization of the Suez Canal in July 1956 or the “Six-Day War” in 1967, the Egyptian people united as one and successfully defended the Suez Canal, demonstrating the patriotism of the Egyptian people. He said that every Egyptian “considers the Suez Canal as his son.” Every time there is a crisis, the Egyptian people silently support their country. The Egyptians are unpretentious, love their motherland, and are committed to achieving national stability and peace.

It is worth mentioning that a photo of Egyptian sand dredgers raising their arms to celebrate the smooth escape of the “Long Grant” was widely circulated on social media. Many people compare this photo with the scene in October 1973 where a soldier raised his hand to celebrate his victory on the battlefield. There are comments saying that this reflects the resilience and strength of the Egyptians in the crisis. Despite the difficult years, they still have tenacious perseverance and the ability to succeed. After nearly half a century, people have witnessed the same moment of joy and victory in the same place—on the shore of the Suez Canal.

The protagonist of the photo, Ali Awami, said that he was engaged in the work of a dredger mechanical technician. This success was due to everyone’s collaboration. He confessed that he was shocked when he learned that he was going to dig sand, because the huge hull and heavy cargo made the excavation work seem difficult, but he and his colleagues still withstood the pressure and risked their safety. Completed the dredging operation.

Cause of the accident or human error

According to the “Lloyd Ship Daily” report, the crew will be investigated and the ship’s data recorder will be handed over. The investigation is led by Panama. The Suez Canal Authority, the British P&I Association (P&I) of the insurer’s International Group of P&I Clubs, the ship charterer Evergreen Shipping, and the shipowner Nippon Masei Steamship Co., Ltd. may conduct parallel investigations at the same time. Any conclusions and findings Will report to the International Maritime Organization.

Suez Canal Authority Chairman Rabie said that sandstorms and strong winds were one of the reasons for the accident, but bad weather was not the main reason for the ship stranding, which indicated that there may be “technical errors or man-made mistakes.” Mistakes”, but it is impossible to determine who will bear the loss until an investigation is conducted in accordance with international standards.

Said Chesa, consultant of the Suez Canal Authority, said in a TV interview on March 30 that based on the data currently available, there are two parties responsible for this incident. The first party is The owner company of the freighter, and the second party is the operator company of the freighter. Lloyd’s Register of Shipping initially determined that the wind speed at the time of the accident was about 30 knots. The navigation rules allowed the vessel involved to sail under this condition. In addition, the ship’s power and steering system were all normal, which indicated that it was responsible for the ship’s operations and sailing personnel. One party may assume the main responsibility. Xie Sha also said that the Canal Administration has made 8 requests to the captain to cooperate in the investigation, but the captain has not yet responded.

Xie Sha explained that Egypt’s request for compensation from the responsible party is protected by international law of the sea. At the same time, since this incident is an emergency caused by force majeure, the Administration for Loss of Cargo Ships Detained by the Incident is not To be compensated. Fitch Ratings said that due to the interruption of navigation on the canal, the responsible party and the insurance company may face a total of hundreds of millions of dollars in losses. However, some experts said that since the canal has been successfully navigable and the previously stranded ships have gradually completed their passage, it is not possible to simply multiply the average daily toll by the number of days of detention to get the loss figure. The final compensation figure requires all parties to compromise.

Modernization of canal management: Egypt hopes to cooperate with China

Sisi also said during the inspection that the investigation of this incident will remain completely open and transparent, and will not impose on relevant parties. Administrative pressure, because investigating the cause of the accident will help Egypt strengthen its canal management, maintenance, and emergency response capabilities. He also said that he will increase the purchase and upgrade of dredging vessels, excavators and other equipment and personnel training to deal with similar incidents. It is reported that the dredger dispatched by Egypt is the largest dredger in the Suez Canal and the largest dredger in the Middle East. Sisi emphasized that he wants to send a clear message to the world that the situation has returned to normal and the navigation channel of the Suez Canal is safe and secure. He emphasized that the Suez Canal Authority is competitive and that the Suez Canal will continue to play a key role in international trade.

Ismael Abdul Jaafar, Dean of the Arab Academy of Science, Technology and Maritime Affairs and member of the International Maritime Organization Council, told reporters that Egypt looks forward to working with China in the modernization of maritime transport and canal management. Cooperation. He believes that this incident is both a crisis, an opportunity, and a wake-up call. In the face of this unprecedented stranding of a canal ship, Egypt has used its strong technical and practical capabilities to overcome danger, but Egypt needs to plan ahead. For example, he said that the ICT (Information and Communication Technology) academy jointly established by Egypt and Huawei on the 30th is helpful in cultivating high-tech information talents in related fields in Egypt and helping Egypt in canal management, ship scheduling, weather monitoring, crisis management, and emergency response. Simulation and other aspects are moving towards intelligence and information. He hoped that China’s high and new technology can help Egypt achieve mutual benefit and win-win results.

(Cairo, March 31st, Cairo reporter Xiao Tianyi, Cairo)