Artificial intelligence: the integration of industry, university, research and application creates a high ground for innovation
The total number of enterprises has reached 1,500, accounting for 28% of the total number of domestic artificial intelligence enterprises; the total scale of core industry talents is about 40,000, accounting for 60% of the country; more than 12,000 valid patents, accounting for 23% of the country; forming the core Algorithms, smart chips, industry solutions, and other complete industrial chains…
During the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, Beijing Zhongguancun accelerated the deployment of the artificial intelligence industry, actively carried out policy pilot trials, and promoted the research and development of cutting-edge technologies. The world’s influential artificial intelligence industry cluster.
Focusing on the artificial intelligence industry, Zhongguancun technology companies Baidu, Megvii, first-class technology, etc., aim at artificial intelligence technology breakthroughs, ecological construction and scene implementation, and work hard in deep learning framework research and development, open source, smart chips, etc. A series of achievements have been made in the key technology research of “stuck neck”, and the integrated innovation and integrated development of “production, learning, research and use” have been realized.
Beijing Zhongguancun accelerates its industrial layout and builds A gathering place for the artificial intelligence industry. Photo by Zheng Jinwu
In a factory served by ZTE Carla, no inspectors with notebooks were seen. Instead, there were cameras that worked 24 hours a day. This is because ZTE Carat has realized algorithm optimization through Baidu’s flying paddle platform, developed new applications of artificial intelligence, and realized the vision of a smart factory.
As a pioneer in the open source of artificial intelligence in China, Baidu announced in September 2016 that Baidu’s flying paddle platform will be open source. Since then, individual developers can use the flying paddle platform to deploy their own deep learning models, and the intelligent technologies that have been developed can also be upgraded through the flying paddle platform.
In 2020, Baidu’s flying paddle platform made a cross-border attempt, and released the “PaddleHelix Propeller” that combines artificial intelligence with the field of biological computing. The open source content includes providing core capabilities for new drug development and vaccine design including RNA secondary structure prediction, large-scale molecular pre-training, DTI drug target affinity prediction, etc., to help scholars and researchers build artificial intelligence algorithms more conveniently model.
“In the wave of artificial intelligence development represented by deep learning, the industry has become an important force driving open source. The mature open source and open technology ecology and open platform are also promoting the integration and development of all sectors of society. “Baidu CTO Wang Haifeng said.
In recent years, Zhongguancun artificial intelligence companies, such as Megvii, Xiaomi, and first-class technology companies, have successively open sourced self-developed artificial intelligence frameworks, becoming a new force in the large-scale implementation of artificial intelligence.
In March 2020, Megvii announced the open source Brain++ core deep learning framework MegEngine, named “Tianyuan”. At present, more than 1,400 Megvii R&D personnel use Tianyuan MegEngine, and all Megvii algorithms are trained and inferred through Tianyuan MegEngine.
“With high barriers to deep learning technology and scarcity of professional talents, it is difficult for traditional industries to attract suitable talents to build this ability in depth. As an artificial intelligence company, we believe that we have the ability and responsibility to reduce The threshold for enterprises to deploy artificial intelligence and use artificial intelligence to benefit the public.” said Tian Zhongbo, senior technical director of Megvii Research Institute.
Technology iteration is accelerating to change the “core”
On the playground, a bicycle seems to have a “thought”. Without human driving, it can independently complete its self-balancing, Riding deceleration and automatic obstacle avoidance, obstacle crossing and other actions.
It turns out that this bicycle is equipped with an “unusual” smart chip. The artificial intelligence general-purpose chip “Tian Movement Core” developed by Shi Luping, director of the Brain-inspired Computing Research Center of Tsinghua University, makes driverless bicycles a reality. This research result was published in the journal Nature in the form of a cover article, achieving zero breakthroughs in China’s “Nature” papers in the two major fields of chips and artificial intelligence.
“Tian Movement Core” is a heterogeneous fusion chip that combines brain-like computing and artificial intelligence based on computer science. At present, the “Tian Movement Core” has developed to the third generation and is the world’s first heterogeneous fusion brain-like chip, providing a new direction for further exploration of the field of general artificial intelligence.
With the advent of the 5G and Internet of Things era, continuously subdivided application scenarios will bring more growth opportunities for artificial intelligence chip companies. Zhongguancun technology companies Cambrian, Horizon, etc., are committed to the research and development of smart chips, and have grown into “unicorn companies” in the field of artificial intelligence chips.
The Cambrian company entered the terminal market with mobile phone artificial intelligence chips, and spared no effort in chip research and development. As of June 30, 2020, the Cambrian has applied for 1,929 patents, and has granted 151 patents.
The Siyuan 220 chip released by the Cambrian realizes all-round and three-dimensional coverage in the cloud, edge and end. The chip not only has high computing power and low power consumption, but also supports a variety of mainstream programming frameworks in the industry to meet diverse customization needs.
The artificial intelligence chip of Horizon Company focuses on the track of intelligent driving and intelligent Internet of Things. As an automotive smart chip company based on deep learning technology, Horizon has achieved mass production of automotive-grade smart chips, and has formed a complete product layout covering the “smart driving smart cockpit” chip solutions from L2 to L3.
As of the end of June 2020, with the help of capital, 32 “unicorn companies” in the field of artificial intelligence have been born in the Zhongguancun Demonstration Zone, accounting for more than 50% of the country. Among them, 7 artificial intelligence companies have been selected into the CB Insights 2020 global AI “unicorn company” list.
The intelligent unmanned cleaning and disinfection vehicle “Wo Xiaobai” of Zhixingzhe Company, the intelligent epidemic prevention and control delivery robot “Leopard Xiaodi” of Orion Star Company, and Yunji Technology Company’s running errand delivery robot “Run “…These unmanned vehicles intelligently evade and deliver with precision, rushing to the front line of the fight against the epidemic.
Scenarios such as AI temperature measurement, non-contact elevator rides, and auxiliary medical care have allowed artificial intelligence to stand on the cusp of fighting the epidemic. Artificial intelligence is like a base of building blocks, no matter which scene “insert” is put on, it can make this scene “efficient and safe” quickly.
“Temperature measurement” is an important checkpoint to stop the epidemic. Traditional temperature measurement tools have a slow temperature measurement speed, require close contact, and are not suitable for traffic scenes with a large flow of people.
In response to the challenge of “temperature measurement”, Geling Deep pupil has developed a temperature measurement product that combines infrared thermal imager and visible light vision technology, which can achieve rapid, large-throughput, and non-contact temperature measurement. This dual-light temperature measurement intelligent identification device can measure human body temperature within a range of 2-10 meters, with a temperature measurement accuracy of ±0.2 degrees Celsius, and it can measure more than 200 people per minute.
People gather in the elevator space. Frequent touches of buttons can easily breed bacteria. Artificial intelligence technology makes it possible to ride the elevator without contact. Yunzhisheng uses the advantages of voice recognition technology and combines the voice smart chip “Hummingbird” to quickly launch the contactless smart elevator, giving the elevator “ears”.
“Xiao Li Xiao Li, I want to go upstairs.” After the passengers finished speaking, the “Upstairs” button in the elevator was lit. After entering the elevator, the passengers gave the elevator another instruction “I want to go up to the 6th floor”, and then the number “6” button on the elevator floor lights up, and the elevator starts and reaches the 6th floor.
Artificial intelligence has not only changed people’s daily behavior, but also played an important role in the professional field of pneumonia diagnosis.
It is assumed that the AI pneumonia intelligent auxiliary screening and epidemic monitoring system developed by technology companies can quickly respond and assist doctors in giving diagnosis reports. CT scanning + AI assistance can quickly and directly treat asymptomatic infections and early Patients are checked and identified, and “patients with highly suspected pneumonia” are screened and screened to reduce the waiting time of patients and the risk of cross-infection in the hospital. At present, the system has entered 52 hospitals in China, assisting in handling approximately 750,000 chest diagnosed cases.
It is reported that in 2020, the scale of Zhongguancun’s artificial intelligence-related output value is expected to reach 186 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 9.8%; the average annual compound growth rate during the “13th Five-Year Plan” period will reach 19.4%. The rapid growth of the industry scale demonstrates the huge development potential of Zhongguancun’s artificial intelligence field.
The relevant person in charge of the Zhongguancun Management Committee said that during the “14th Five-Year Plan” period, the Zhongguancun Demonstration Zone will continue to build an open source and open ecosystem, strengthen the research and development of cutting-edge key technologies, promote the linkage between demand and applications, and lead the industry Healthy development will push China’s artificial intelligence industry to a higher level.