2021-04-25

Behind India’s unstoppable pandemic: four reasons “add firewood and fire”

By yqqlm yqqlm

China News Service, April 25th. According to a comprehensive report, the situation of India’s unstoppable epidemic situation in the past few days has given people the illusion that time has gone back to early 2020.

Nearly 1 million people were diagnosed within 3 days; on average, one person died every 5 minutes in the capital of New Delhi; patients were sent to the hospital by ambulance but there were no beds; helpless people could only witness the death of their loved ones…< /p>

Why did this country, which initiated the vaccination plan early after the advent of the new crown vaccine, be so tortured by the epidemic in just a few months?

Behind India’s unstoppable pandemic: four reasons “add firewood and fire”

—— “Relax vigilance” to add fuel to the epidemic

At the end of 2020, Indian officials announced that the country has reversed the epidemic curve and the situation seems to be very good.

At the beginning of 2021, the infection rate of the new crown in India has steadily declined, and the number of new cases in a single day fell below 10,000. As of mid-February 2021, India had an average of 11,000 new cases in a single day, and the average number of deaths on the 7th was less than 100.

The authorities and people have begun to relax their vigilance. Various religious activities and political elections have been held continuously. High-level officials and religious leaders have attended large-scale gatherings of people. Many people have not taken basic measures including wearing masks and keeping distance. Protective measures.

On April 12th, local time, more than 2 million Hindu pilgrims gathered on the banks of the Ganges to bathe in the river to celebrate the “Big Pot Festival”. Most of them did not wear masks. Because the crowd is too large, the Indian police cannot take restrictive measures at all.

Unsurprisingly, after the “Great Pot Festival”, the number of newly confirmed cases in India has repeatedly hit new highs. On April 24, local time, the number of new cases in a single day exceeded 300,000 for three consecutive days. On average, one person dies from the new crown pneumonia every 5 minutes in the capital of New Delhi.

Behind India’s unstoppable pandemic: four reasons “add firewood and fire”(1)

Indian people wait for oxygen to be added at the oxygen filling station in Allahabad.

——Deaths are soaring due to lack of medicine and medicine

As a country with a total population of nearly 1.4 billion, the middle and lower classes of Indian society have always had the problem of lack of medicine and medicine. The new crown epidemic has exacerbated this problem.

Dr. Gorgia, a consultant at Sir Gangaram Hospital in Delhi, India, said that due to the surge in patients, there are no beds in the emergency room. “We don’t have that much oxygen supply. The places that provide oxygen supply are already overcrowded. Patients have to bring their own oxygen cylinders to enter, but there may not be oxygen. We all want to help them, but there are not enough beds, and there is no oxygen to provide them.”

He said: “All our telephone lines are full. People keep calling the helpline. The hospital is also chaotic: there is an ambulance that stops and the patient wants to get off, but the problem is that there are no beds. ”

Singha, an intensive care specialist in the eastern Indian city of Kolkata, said, “I have been working in the intensive care unit for 20 years and I have never seen such a situation.”

Yu Ye is full of helplessness, anxiety and fear, and ruthless bad news continues to come.

All life-saving necessities are in short supply or can only be found on the black market. Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana also face severe shortages. The Indian Air Force is delivering oxygen tanks and supplies to different parts of the country.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently met with the chief ministers and oxygen producers of the hardest-hit states. He asked the states to cooperate to stop hoarding and black market transactions, and said that the government is also considering further conversion of industrial oxygen so that it can be used for medical treatment to alleviate the crisis.

Behind India’s unstoppable pandemic: four reasons “add firewood and fire”(2)

<

p >——Vaccination has a long way to go

For India, which is ambitiously planning to implement vaccination, there is a long way to go between ideal and reality.

As early as mid-January 2021, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi initiated a plan to vaccinate more than 1.3 billion people against the new crown. He proudly expressed to Indians that this vaccination plan showed India to the world Ability.

However, as of late April, India had only received about 130 million doses of vaccine, which was far from enough to form the requirement of “herd immunity”. Moreover, early vaccination is limited to priority groups such as medical workers, front-line personnel, and over 45 years of age.

Although India has suspended the export of COVID-19 vaccine in late March, by mid-April, Indian media reported a shortage of vaccines in several states and hundreds of vaccination centers were closed. In the vaccination sites that remained open, the stock of vaccines It’s only enough for a day or two.

The Indian government stated on April 19 that from May 1st, all adults over the age of 18 will receive the new crown vaccination. However, the current concern is that the existing vaccine supply gap may further slow down the speed of universal vaccination.

Behind India’s unstoppable pandemic: four reasons “add firewood and fire”(3)

—— Virus mutation or To make matters worse

What is even more worrying is that, unlike the beginning of the outbreak in 2020, India’s aggressive new coronavirus has mutated and mutated again.

India announced on March 25 that a “double mutation” variant of the new coronavirus was detected in samples collected from different states.

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) quoted virologist Jameel to explain that a double mutation in a key region of the viral spike protein may make the virus more contagious. He said that the mutation of the virus is the only “reasonable explanation” for the surge in confirmed cases.

Jamil also said that India’s virus screening action was “later”. As of December 2020, only 5,000 samples had been sequenced, and there was “no concerted action”. He pointed out that in January, India took action to coordinate various laboratories to speed up, and started operations in February, but “unfortunately, the second wave (epidemic) has already begun.” In a pandemic, sequencing is important because it allows scientists to monitor changes in the virus.

At present, British health officials are also investigating whether India’s “double mutant” virus is more likely to spread and whether it can avoid the immune protection provided by vaccines.

Dr. Camille, a virologist at Louisiana State University in the United States, said that a mutation of the mutant virus found in India is similar to the mutation of the mutant virus found in South Africa and Brazil. And this mutation may help the virus evade antibodies in the immune system, which can fight against the new coronavirus based on previous infection or vaccine experience.

“The situation in India is a sad reminder that the virus can be so raging.” said the Director-General of the World Health Organization Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. Scientists have warned that vaccination does not mean that infection can be prevented. Even after being vaccinated with the new crown vaccine, epidemic prevention measures should be taken and should not be taken lightly.