Decoding Zhejiang: Implementing the “unchanged” and “changing” of the new development concept
China News Service, Hangzhou, April 16th (Wang Yifei) “The Story of the Communist Party of China—The Practice of Xi Jinping’s Thoughts on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in Zhejiang in the New Era” co-sponsored by the International Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the Zhejiang Provincial Committee of the Communist Party of China The presentation meeting was held in Hangzhou a few days ago. Zhejiang, which is striving to build an important window for comprehensively displaying the superiority of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics in the new era, has become a “window” for the world to understand the Communist Party of China in this promotion conference.
In his speech, Song Tao, the head of the International Liaison Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, stated that the Chinese Communist Party set sail from the Red Ship 100 years ago and engraved the bloodline genes of the party for the happiness of the people and the rejuvenation of the nation. A grand blueprint for poverty and weakness to prosper and strong. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has been committed to focusing on the people, establishing and adhering to the new development concept of innovation, coordination, greenness, openness and sharing, and leading China to achieve historic development achievements.
Zhejiang is one of the exhibitors of China’s development. Especially since the beginning of the new century, the province has firmly followed the “August Eight Strategy” as its guidance and achieved comprehensive development in all areas of the economy and society. This kind of “unchanged” and “changing” has allowed the new development concept to be systematically presented in the province.
Zhejiang Ningbo Zhoushan Port. Photo by Zhang Yongtao
For Zhejiang, which is striving to achieve high-quality development, 2003 is an important node.
Relying on the dividends of reform and opening up, Zhejiang has initially entered the fastest economic growth period in this century. But at the same time, “growth troubles” such as low-level industrial structure and extensive growth methods have also begun to appear.
Standing at the “crossroads”, during the period when General Secretary Xi Jinping was in charge of Zhejiang, the Zhejiang Provincial Party Committee proposed measures to further utilize its advantages in eight areas and promote measures in eight areas in the future, namely the “August Eight Strategy” “. “In the past 18 years, Zhejiang has persisted in drawing a blueprint to the end and unswervingly followed the path guided by the ‘8-8 Strategy’. A wonderful butterfly change has taken place in the land of Zhejiang.” Yuan Jiajun, secretary of the Zhejiang Provincial Party Committee, said at the presentation meeting.
Innovation has become a distinctive feature of the times in the province and an important change for Zhejiang.
In Zhejiang Chint Group, 3 million-pole circuit breakers are produced from this private enterprise every day, leading the world in production and sales. Behind this, the company’s “factory of the future” is indispensable. The relevant person in charge of the enterprise introduced that it integrates cloud computing, big data, Internet of Things, 5G and other technologies on the manufacturing side to break up the data gap in all links, and the production efficiency reaches one circuit breaker every 1.2 seconds.
This is a dynamic portrayal of the burst of digitization in Zhejiang. As one of the essentials of the “August Eighth Strategy”, the promotion of “Digital Zhejiang” is an important aspect of the province’s innovative development.
At the economic level, Zhejiang, which has long regarded the digital economy as the “No. 1 Project”, added value of the core industry of the digital economy to 702 billion yuan last year, a year-on-year increase of 13.0%. It has also become the new engine of Zhejiang’s economy. On this basis, “Digital Zhejiang” also brings strong momentum at the social level.
If the reform of “run at most once” is passed, Zhejiang’s 2961 government service items will be the first in the country to achieve “one network connection.” Through the “Zheli Office” application, the current online availability rate is 100%, and the zero-run availability rate is 97.4%. For example, during the epidemic last year, Zhejiang innovatively introduced a health code to promote society to resume normal operations in only one month.
Need vitality for innovation and development for reform. At present, Zhejiang has initiated digital reforms with a view to spurring reforms in various fields. The province is focusing on building a “1+5+2” work system, and “1” is an integrated intelligent public data platform. “5” refers to the five comprehensive applications of party and government agencies’ overall smart governance, digital government, digital economy, digital society, and digital rule of law. “2” is to build a theoretical system and a system of institutional norms.
Yuan Jiajun introduced in an exclusive interview with China News Service this year that Zhejiang will be fully built into a province of handheld services, offices, and governance by the end of 2022; by the end of 2025, a modern government with “integrated governance, realism and first” will be basically established. And build a global digital transformation highland.
Zhejiang promotes the health insurance card function of the “Zheli Office” APP. Photo by Zhang Yuhuan
Answer the “Coordination” and “Green” exam questions
The “88 Strategy” proposes to “accelerate the integration of urban and rural areas”, “build a “green Zhejiang””, and “promote the lack of Developed regions have developed by leaps and bounds. This is in the same line as the coordinated development and green development in the new development concept. For many years, it has also become the guideline for the province to answer the two exam questions.
In Taoyuan Village, Haining, Zhejiang, “post-80s” Wang Tianyun moved his gardening company headquarters here. Through the “village collective + company” and “webcast sales” models, online sales reached 45 million last year. Yuan provides ideas for the transformation of local agriculture.
The implementation of the “two advances and two rounds” action (science and technology, funds go to the countryside, youths and villagers go back to the countryside) is Zhejiang’s representative measure to promote urban-rural coordination. Last year, the province’s general public budget expenditure on agriculture, forestry and water increased by 5.8%, and the contribution rate of agricultural scientific and technological progress exceeded 65%. A total of 110,000 family farms and more than 7,000 agricultural makers have been cultivated.
In order to promote regional coordination, Zhejiang initiated the implementation of the mountain-sea collaboration project, through the rational transfer of industries from developed areas to underdeveloped areas, and the orderly flow of surplus labor from underdeveloped areas to developed areas to stimulate the vitality of underdeveloped areas.
For example, Jingning, Zhejiang, with the help of mountain and sea cooperation, established a “flying cabinet” to sell high mountain ecological agricultural products to Zhejiang Wenling, Shangyu and other places, driving tens of thousands of people to become rich.
Looking at “coordination” in terms of numbers: The per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents in this province has ranked first in all provinces for 20 and 36 consecutive years. The income ratio of urban and rural residents has shrunk to less than 2, becoming the province with the smallest income gap between urban and rural areas.
While answering the question of “coordination”, Zhejiang is also making “green” the background color for development.
More than ten years ago, Lujia Village in Anji, Zhejiang still had a “dirty, messy, and poor” appearance. The village party committee secretary Zhu Renbin said, “At that time, the village was littered with garbage and sewage, it rained and muddy, and the sky was clear and dusty, which also affected the surrounding ecology.”
In “green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains.” Under the background of the concept guidelines and the implementation of the “Ten Thousand Million Project” in Zhejiang, the village has renovated rivers, treated sewage, strengthened infrastructure construction, and built a “pastoral Lujia” scenic spot through the construction of family farm clusters and pastoral complex demonstration areas. The village is strong and the people are rich. Last year, the collective assets and per capita net income of farmers in Lujia Village were nearly 290 million yuan and 47,100 yuan respectively.
To fully implement the concept of green development, Zhejiang has always been consistent. Taking the “13th Five-Year Plan” as an example, it completed the task of eliminating sections with inferior Grade V water quality three years ahead of schedule. The proportion of days with good air quality in districted cities increased by 9.5 percentage points, and the energy consumption per 10,000 yuan of GDP dropped from 0.45 tons of standard coal to 0.37. The forest coverage rate rose to 61.2% per ton of standard coal, making it the first province to pass the national ecological province inspection.
p >Intelligent equipment of a Zhejiang enterprise. Photo by Wang Yifei
Looking at Zhejiang, “a blueprint to the end” also makes “openness” and “sharing” a distinctive feature of its current development.
“I have been to 70 or 80 countries, Yiwu is the most suitable place to do business.” said Mu De, a Jordanian businessman and chairman of Zhejiang Yingfan Trading Co., Ltd. In 2002, he graduated from university and started a foreign trade business in Yiwu, Zhejiang. Now he has exported Yiwu small commodities to 13 countries and regions including Jordan and Morocco.
In Mudd’s view, Zhejiang is open and inclusive, which can be seen from the business environment in Yiwu. “When a batch of cargo arrived at Algeria’s port during the epidemic last year, the customer must submit the cargo bill of lading to the bank in time for the customer to pick up the cargo. Otherwise, there will be a daily detention fee of US$8,000, but our employees are isolated at home. After the Yiwu Municipal Bureau of Commerce learned of this special situation, Under the premise of meeting the prevention and control requirements, we have handled the entry and exit permits for employees and solved the problem. Here, I am often invited to give opinions and suggestions to government public services.”
“Continuously improve internal and external “Openness level” is an important part of the “August Eight Strategy”. Yiwu, the world’s small commodity capital, is the epitome of Zhejiang’s open development: the local area has trade relations with more than 200 countries and regions around the world, and about 15,000 foreign businessmen are stationed every year. Despite the impact of the epidemic last year, the city still achieved a total import and export volume of 312.95 billion yuan, an increase of 5.4%.
From the province’s perspective: Ningbo Zhoushan Port will complete a cargo throughput of over 1.1 billion tons in 2020, ranking first in the world for the 12th consecutive year; airport passenger throughput exceeds 70 million; comprehensive cross-border e-commerce trials The district achieves full coverage of districts and cities… Zhejiang’s opening-up level is constantly improving.
Externally, Zhejiang and the world share development opportunities, and internally, it continues to focus on promoting the sharing of development results by the people.
For example, since 2004, the province has established a long-term mechanism for non-governmental affairs, focusing on solving the livelihood issues that the masses are most concerned about. In recent years, Zhejiang has achieved a basically balanced development of compulsory education, including full coverage of counties, full coverage of township public kindergartens, full coverage of the medical insurance outpatient and chronic disease protection system, etc., allowing the people to truly enjoy the fruits of economic and social development.
Facing the “14th Five-Year Plan” and ushering in the opportunity for the construction of a demonstration zone for common prosperity, Zhejiang has made it clear that it will increase residents’ income through multiple channels, accelerate the modernization of education, and build a strong public health system. The proposed goal of creating a happy and beautiful home for the people has also become a manifestation of the province’s attitude of adhering to shared development. (End)