Housing costs and employment thresholds are high, half of Korean unmarried older persons become “kangaroos”
China News Service, April 1st. According to South Korea’s “Joongang Daily”, data shows that half of the unmarried people aged 30 to 44 in South Korea live with their parents and depend on their parents financially. Gnawing the old “kangaroo tribe”.
This is the content shown in the “Statistics Plus” spring issue published by the Korea Statistics Agency on March 30. The statistics are based on data from the 2015 Census, and are the results of an analysis of the housing and employment status of unmarried men and women between 20 and 44 years old under different age groups.
p > In terms of age, 57.4% of the unmarried population aged 30 to 34, 50.3% of the unmarried population aged 35 to 39, and 44.1% of the unmarried population aged 40 to 44 are living with their parents.
According to the report, although the older the unmarried population, the lower the proportion of cohabiting with their parents, and it is far below the level of about 70% in their 20s, but it still maintains a relatively high proportion. In other words, half of the independent unmarried people in their 30s and 40s who have finished their studies and should have completed employment still choose to live with their parents.
Among the unmarried population in their 20s to 40s, the proportion of “kangaroos” living with their parents is higher than the proportion of people living alone. The proportions of unmarried single-living families aged 30 to 34, 35 to 39 and 40 to 44 are 25.8%, 32.7% and 38.3%, respectively.
The choice of “kangaroo tribe” also has its own reasons. The analysis believes that the biggest reason is the rising cost of living and the higher employment threshold. In families where parents live with unmarried adult children between the ages of 20 and 44, people mostly live in their own houses (70.7%), and the most common form of residence for single-living families in this age group is monthly housing (59.3). %), in sharp contrast, only 11.6% of people living alone have their own house.
The employment situation is also completely opposite. Among the unmarried people aged 20 to 44 who live alone, 74.6% have jobs. Among the unmarried people of the same age who live with their parents, only 57.9% are employed, and 42.1% of the gnawing old people do not go to work. This means that among unmarried men and women between the ages of 20 and 44 who live with their parents, nearly half of the population not only have no independent housing, but also depend on their parents for their lives.
And this figure is the result of research based on 2015 statistical data. If you take into account the sharp rise in housing prices in recent years and the narrowing of employment channels due to the new crown epidemic, the proportion of “kangaroos” is likely to have risen further.
Liu Zaiyan (transliteration), professor of social welfare at Gachon University, said that “difficulties in employment, rising housing prices, and a decline in the proportion of marriages will continue to increase the number of “kangaroos” in the future.”
In this case, the survey shows that women have more negative attitudes towards marriage than men. Among unmarried women between the ages of 30 and 44, only 3.7% believe that “must be married”, which is far lower than the proportion of men of the same age who know this (13.9%).
As for the reasons for not getting married, the reason that men and women choose the most is “not meeting anyone who can meet the expectations.” However, starting from the second reason, men and women show obvious differences. The second reason why women do not get married is that they “cannot take care of work and family at the same time”, while men are “too much financial pressure to get married.”
The clerk of the Institute of Statistics Development who conducted this research, Park Shinai (transliteration) said, “Compared with the wishes of the married couple, the unique marriage culture in Korea makes people pay more attention to the union of the two families. It virtually adds a lot of costs to marriage”, “the difficulty of youth employment and the high cost of living are a major cause of the ultra-low fertility rate.”