Promote the construction of “carbon market” Shanghai’s energy “smart” transformation
Technology supports carbon peaks and carbon neutrality
◎Cen Pan reporter Wang Chun
Upstream along the Huangpu River, the Minhang Industrial Park in the southwest corner of Shanghai, Basically, photovoltaic equipment is installed on the roof of the factory building, and even the azure blue parking lot roof is covered by thin film photovoltaics. Here, electric vehicle charging does not need to be transmitted by the electric power department, but the parking lot is “self-produced and sold”; the battery packs eliminated by electric vehicles are “transformed” into energy storage equipment in the park, playing the role of “cutting peaks and filling valleys”.
This “energy magic box” integrating “wind, light, storage, charging, and control” integrates wind power generation systems, photovoltaic power generation systems, energy storage systems, cascade utilization battery systems and charging piles Facilities, and relying on the smart energy management platform to perform unified management and control of the energy system, providing innovative solutions for energy conservation and consumption reduction in industrial parks.
Shanghai has comparative advantages in the development of headquarters economy, science and technology industries, and emerging industries, and its industrial parks are in a leading position. Relevant data shows that industrial parks are concentrated areas of energy consumption, accounting for nearly 70% of the country’s total energy consumption, and the task of energy conservation and emission reduction is arduous. According to estimates, the first phase of the “Energy Magic Box” project currently in operation in the Minhang Industrial Park is expected to save about 665 tons of standard coal, reduce carbon dioxide emissions by about 1,760 tons, and reduce harmful gas emissions by about 1.8 tons each year.
“Shanghai’s Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development and the Outline of the 2035 Long-Term Goal (Draft)” proposed that Shanghai will formulate a city-wide carbon emission peaking action plan to promote Power, steel, chemical and other key fields and key energy-consuming units save energy and reduce carbon, and ensure that carbon emissions reach their peak by 2025.
The old factory found the carbon reduction password ”
Low-carbon green will become a huge challenge affecting the transformation and development of the steel industry. On January 20, the world’s largest steel company, China Baowu Iron and Steel Group Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as China Baowu) announced its carbon peak and carbon neutral timetable-“Strive to achieve the peak of carbon dioxide emissions by 2023, and have reductions in 2025. With 30% carbon process technology capability, we will strive to reduce carbon by 30% by 2035 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.” Chen Derong, Secretary of the Party Committee and Chairman of China Baowu, said at the party committee. This means that China Baowu presses the “fast forward button” for carbon reduction.
In the C008 hot-dip galvanizing intelligent workshop of Baosteel’s cold rolling mill in China Baowu Baosteel Co., Ltd., no workers can be seen. In front of the console of the “Six-in-One Centralized Control Room”, three huge display screens clearly display the operation pictures of intelligent equipment such as intelligent inspection robots, automatic strapping robots, and automatic zinc ingot AGV carts in real time.
“After the company upgraded the C008 hot-dip galvanizing smart workshop of the cold rolling mill through remote operation and maintenance, big data, artificial intelligence and other integrated smart means, the energy consumption per ton of steel was reduced by 15%, and the comprehensive pollutants A 30% reduction in ton of steel can increase labor efficiency by 30%, increase productivity by 20%, and reduce processing costs by 10%.” said Shen Qingfu, director of the fourth cold rolling branch of Baosteel’s cold rolling mill.
How can the steel and petrochemical industries achieve cleaner production, carbon reduction and pollution reduction? Smart manufacturing has become a “weapon” for improving quality and efficiency, helping companies reduce carbon emissions. In September 2020, the Shanghai Municipal Economic Information Commission and other six departments jointly issued the “Shanghai Special Action Plan for Building 100+ Smart Factories (2020-2022)”, which plans to promote the construction of 100 smart factories in three years and use technology to help the city” “Wisdom” carbon reduction has become Shanghai’s sure choice.
“Shanghai should integrate advanced low-carbon environmental protection technologies and industrial resources at home and abroad, and vigorously support the development of low-carbon environmental protection technologies and industries, and promote the development and growth of green industries such as new energy, new materials, and high-end equipment manufacturing. , Improve the energy level and economic contribution of low-carbon environmental protection industries, and increase new momentum for economic development.” said Cheng Peng, director of the Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Ecology and Environment.
Wisdom leads the creation of “Shanghai Carbon”
In January this year, Weilai and Shanghai Environmental and Energy Exchange (hereinafter referred to as Shanghai Stock Exchange) launched the “Blue Dot Program”, becoming the world’s No. An automobile company that helps users complete carbon emission reduction certification transactions. Data show that, as of now, NIO owners have achieved carbon emissions reductions of approximately 109,000 tons.
Shanghai is the first region in the country to establish carbon emission trading institutions and systems. In 2008, the country’s first environmental rights trading institution was established. In 2011, it was the first to launch the pilot trading system, and it was officially launched in November 2013. Start the operation of the trading market. At present, the Shanghai Carbon Market has included about 300 companies and about 400 investment institutions in 27 industries including steel, power, chemical, aviation, water transportation, and construction. It is the only pilot area in the country that has achieved 100% corporate compliance and payment rate for 7 consecutive years.
Shanghai, as an international financial center, promotes the development of green finance represented by carbon trading, and strengthens Shanghai’s carbon financial services to the whole country. The Shanghai Stock Exchange has successively launched carbon market service businesses such as carbon lending, carbon pledge, and sell-back repurchase to serve the low-carbon transformation of the real economy. SHFE also cooperated with the Shanghai Clearing House to launch the Shanghai carbon allowance forward product, which is the country’s first central counterparty clearing carbon forward product, and is currently the only standardized carbon financial derivative product in the country.
In order to achieve the goal of carbon peak and carbon neutrality, Shanghai is constantly exploring.
Opening the “energy map” of Shanghai, Shanghai Qiantan area, Expo A area, Xuhui Binjiang and other areas are deploying natural gas distributed energy projects. Xin’an Village, Sanxing Town, Chongming has built a pastoral “Internet +” smart energy demonstration project integrating “wind, light, storage, and charging”, which has become a model project of “zero carbon community”.
As the “vanguard” and “forerunner” of reform and opening up, Shanghai continues to fight the tough battle to reduce pollution and make the sky bluer, the ground greener, and the water cleaner.