2021-04-08

“Provisions on the Protection of Schools for Minors (Draft for Solicitation of Comments)” soliciting opinions publicly, anti-bullying, sexual assault, etc. cause concern

By yqqlm yqqlm

The “Provisions for the Protection of Schools for Minors (Draft for Comment)” publicly solicits opinions on anti-bullying, sexual assault and other content that arouses attention

According to the news from China Central Broadcasting Network, Beijing, April 8th (Reporter Li Xin) China’s Voice of China’s “News” reported that on June 1 this year, the newly revised “Law on the Protection of Minors of the People’s Republic of China” will be officially implemented. Time of month. How to improve the school protection system for minors, and to support the legal “protection umbrella” for the “young you” has also become one of the hot topics in recent years. Recently, the Ministry of Education announced the “Provisions on the Protection of Schools for Minors (Draft for Soliciting Comments)” (referred to as the “Draft for Soliciting Comments”) and soliciting opinions from the public. After the release of the draft for soliciting opinions, it has aroused widespread concern and discussion in the society.

“Provisions on the Protection of Schools for Minors (Draft for Solicitation of Comments)” soliciting opinions publicly, anti-bullying, sexual assault, etc. cause concern

For parents, send their children in The moment in school can be said to be both practical and worrying. On the one hand, in a complete educational environment, children can gain knowledge and improve their abilities, and getting along with teachers and classmates will also lay an important foundation for them to enter society in the future; On the other hand, if children leave their sights, many parents will worry that without parents’ reminders and love, children’s health, diet and even rest will not be guaranteed. In recent years, school bullying, sexual assault and other issues have been exposed. It also gives parents another worry about campus life.

This consultation draft clearly stipulates the protection mechanisms of students’ personality rights, prevention of bullying, and prevention of sexual assault. So what rights should students enjoy during school? What kind of behavior is considered bullying? What are the strict measures to prevent sexual assault?

There are a total of 58 drafts for the consultation draft, which involve the protection of students’ personal safety, personality rights, rights to education, rights to rest, and property rights, as well as measures to prevent bullying and sexual assault.

In the protection of minors’ education, rest, etc., the draft uses the term “right to rest”, which stipulates that schools should scientifically and rationally arrange students’ work and rest hours in accordance with regulations to ensure that students have rest , Opportunities and time to participate in recreational activities and physical exercises. At the same time, schools should strengthen communication with parents, jointly cultivate students’ good work and rest habits, and ensure students’ sleep time at home. Previously, Lu Yugang, director of the Department of Basic Education of the Ministry of Education, made it clear that homework, off-campus training and game time must make way for students’ sleep. “Elementary school students are required to basically complete written assignments in school, middle school students complete most of the written assignments in school, and individual students who have not completed their homework until bedtime after hard work, parents urge students to go to bed on time and not stay up late to ensure adequate sleep.”

< p>It is also clear in the opinion draft that “Students shall not be restricted from going out of the classroom between classes.” This regulation has aroused the concern of many parents, because due to factors such as the number of students and space restrictions, many schools do not allow students to leave the classroom at will for safety reasons. The student’s parent, Ms. Li, said that the new regulations consider issues more from the perspective of children, and hopes that schools can overcome difficulties and make good policies truly implemented. “During the break, except for exercises, students are not allowed to leave the classroom and go to the playground for activities. We think this is not so good for children, because children have a lot of nearsightedness, and after class, they are also not allowed to leave the classroom and go to the playground. Thinking of going to activities on the playground and spending a day in the classroom, the children can’t stand it. I think this rule is quite good now.”

The draft for soliciting comments is clear in terms of protecting the personality rights and interests of minors. It is proposed that the school shall not disclose the individual test scores and rankings of the students, and shall not publicize the progress of the students to the outside; in the work of rewards, subsidies, and poverty relief applications, the privacy of the individual students and their families shall not be disclosed. Chu Zhaohui, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Educational Sciences, said that the content of the draft opinions is a continuation of previous regulations and systems such as the Ministry of Education, and it is a provision that is conducive to the physical and mental health of minors.

“Because our entire student evaluation still has a’score only’ phenomenon, many schools, many parents, including the society, are very concerned about students’ test scores, so there is a prominent problem, that is, to improve Students’ test scores are unscrupulous. It requires solid measures to get rid of the “score-only theory”. These problems must be solved from multiple aspects. From this perspective, this regulation is also one of the focal points.” Chu Zhaohui said.

In recent years, incidents of school bullying have occurred in some areas. However, parents, teachers, and schools often hold their own opinions on how to define whether bullying exists. This time, in addition to education guidance, the draft for the prevention of bullying also stipulates that the school shall regularly conduct special investigations on the prevention of bullying for all students, and evaluate whether there is bullying in the school and its procedures.

At the same time, it is clear that five kinds of behaviors of students are bullying, such as beating, kicking, slapped, scratching, pushing, pulling and other behaviors that infringe upon the body or threaten the body; use insults, ridicule, and mockery. , Sarcasm, insulting nicknames and other methods that violate human dignity; malicious rejection and isolation of others, and influencing others to participate in school activities or social interactions. Chu Zhaohui believes that the introduction of the regulations to solicit opinions from the public is also for schools to help schools to have laws to follow, to better carry out their work, and to prevent school bullying. He said: “Mainly it is more practicable. In fact, these requirements are based on the analysis of the campus bullying cases that have occurred, and then such requirements are put forward. This will make the resolution of the campus bullying problem have more detailed requirements as a basis. ”

In addition, the draft also requires the school to establish a mechanism for preventing, reporting, and disposing of sexual assault, strictly implement the entry report and access inquiry system, and implement it for faculty and other personnel entering the campus. The school shall take necessary measures to prevent and stop the violation of students’ physical and mental health. Chu Zhaohui believes that emphasizing the special protection of minors is also to better implement the newly revised “Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Protection of Minors” and improve the school protection system for minors. He said: “There is a special mention of teacher-student relationship. These requirements have actually existed in the past. This time it was listed as a protection regulation, and it was also put forward based on some actual problems. It must be within a large framework. Govern schools and education according to law more effectively.”