2021-04-25

Too many liberal arts students affect national development? Scholars in the humanities and social sciences say this…

By yqqlm yqqlm

A few days ago, the central bank’s working paper entitled “Awareness of my country’s Population Transformation and Countermeasures” proposed that “emphasis should be placed on science and engineering education. One of the reasons why Southeast Asian countries fall into the middle-income trap is that there are too many liberal arts students. ”

This view of the article was accused of conveying the meaning of “too many liberal arts students” affecting the development of the country. It stirred up a wave of waves and triggered a fierce confrontation of views from all sides.

Too many liberal arts students affect national development? Scholars in the humanities and social sciences say this…

April 24 From January to the 25th, the 70th anniversary of the founding of “Literature, History and Philosophy” was held at Shandong University. Photo by Liang Ben

Some netizens believe that liberal arts are very important, and learning liberal arts requires broad vision, solid accumulation, independent thinking, and love of fraternity. It is not a way to learn mathematics, physics, and chemistry.

Some netizens said that science and engineering is the core of the development of social productivity, and the demand for science and engineering students reflects the development speed of social productivity.

Some netizens also suggested that science students should be exposed to humanities and general knowledge, and liberal arts students should be exposed to science and general knowledge, and liberal arts should not be too biased.

On the 25th, at the 70th anniversary of the publication of “Wenshizhe”, the reporter interviewed everyone in the humanities and social sciences on relevant topics.

Chen Weiping, a professor in the Department of Philosophy of East China Normal University, believes that this issue should be treated in two ways. Some people who hold the argument of “the uselessness of liberal arts” may be based on the large number of students enrolled in the liberal arts and the difficulty of finding a job after graduating from the liberal arts. “This is true in reality. The improvement of the quality of liberal arts is not in quantity, but the key lies in quality. I personally believe that the enrollment scale of liberal arts students for both undergraduate and graduate students can be appropriately reduced.”

” If’the uselessness of liberal arts’ is aimed at the role of liberal arts in social development, this is obviously untenable.” Chen Weiping said that since the reform and opening up, China has put forward concepts such as practice as the only criterion for testing truth and the socialist market economy. They are all subjects of research in liberal arts. And it’s not just China. The development of Western capitalism and modern countries began with the Renaissance, and behind this is also the development of liberal arts.

“In addition to food, clothing, shelter, and transportation, people also have a spiritual life. These are closely related to literature, history and philosophy.” said Huang Aiping, deputy director of the Qing History Institute of Renmin University of China, saying that “learning history makes people wise.” Literature and philosophy also have the same function, especially philosophy, which is called wisdom.

Too many liberal arts students affect national development? Scholars in the humanities and social sciences say this…(1)

April 24 On May, 2019-2020 ten hot topics of Chinese humanities and academics were released. Photo by Liang Ben

Liu Xiao, a professor at the School of History of Nankai University, believes that liberal arts are the spirit and soul of a nation, and people also need a substantial spiritual culture. If they are missing, they will be like robots. The development of liberal arts is a manifestation of the prosperity of the country. The country’s basic construction requires science and engineering, but after the country becomes prosperous and strong, the importance of liberal arts has become more prominent. The spirit and culture of a nation needs to be presented as a medium, and the improvement of the national humanistic quality also depends on liberal arts. “From a long-term perspective, if the development of liberal arts is restricted, it will be obviously detrimental to the spirit of the country and the nation.”

“The most basic role of liberal arts is to promote personal cultural, moral, and moral cultivation. To become a messenger for inheriting excellent traditional culture.” Yu Wanli, a distinguished professor of the School of Humanities at Shanghai Jiaotong University, said that precise mastery of language and culture can improve and enhance the ability to understand various subjects. Reading makes people sensible and wise. Inheriting and carrying forward the excellent traditional culture can improve the level of social civilization and make the society more harmonious. A deep understanding of language and culture, a deeper understanding of other subjects, and a more precise expression. Science and engineering students have done well in experiments, but occasionally the expression of unsatisfactory words will also occur. Without rich liberal arts knowledge, the development of other disciplines may be subject to certain restrictions.

When it comes to the difference between studying liberal arts and science, experts generally believe that the two universities have their own merits.

“There is a big difference between students studying literature and science. The problems of science research are very practical, but the world is separated and grasped.” Chen Weiping said that there is only one world, but in a certain subject Only for a certain aspect. The liberal arts is not limited to a certain aspect, such as philosophy, it is a holistic grasp of the world. In the development of society, especially in the process of modernization, people will increasingly feel the importance of liberal arts.

Through the study of liberal arts, people’s ideological and moral quality can be improved. “Looking at the world, we can see that in countries with a high level of education, liberal arts students account for a considerable proportion. Science students also need to take humanities. The liberal arts play a great role in improving the cultural and moral qualities of the people.” Chen Weiping said, The study of liberal arts can also make people look at problems more comprehensively. Science and technology occupies a dominant position in modern society, and the understanding of science and technology itself often requires research and interpretation by humanities scientists.

Chen Weiping also pointed out that the role of liberal arts in forming the core values ​​of the entire nation and the strength of the entire nation cannot be replaced by other disciplines.

“The so-called useless use is a great use. The role of liberal arts is not short-term, immediate, and utilitarian. It is ubiquitous and everyone can’t live without it.” Huang Aiping gives an example, such as the movies that people watch. Dramas are inseparable from the humanities. If you leave the liberal arts, the world cannot call it the world.

Huang Aiping said that in a certain period of time, people may pay more attention to science and engineering. This situation may occur when the country’s economy has developed to a certain stage. Science and engineering are also very important, but fundamentally speaking, if a country or a nation is to achieve a higher level of development, it cannot rely solely on science and engineering. Without the spiritual, cultural, and civilized content, it will be difficult for a society, a country, and a nation to achieve real development.

“Liberal arts and science and engineering are interdependent and indispensable. Many famous science and engineering scientists also value the humanities and have literary attainments.” Liu Xiao believes that the view of “the uselessness of liberal arts” is very one-sided. National economic entities are different and require specific analysis of specific circumstances. The phenomenon of difficult enrollment and employment in liberal arts that the people talked about exists objectively, but it is not to the extent of exaggeration.

On the development of liberal arts, experts put forward their own suggestions.

Chen Weiping believes that the role of liberal arts in the development of the entire society needs to be systematically summarized and explored. The contributions made by scholars should continue to be explored. “China is moving towards the world, and the contributions made by scholars are also of world significance. We must put it in the context of the development of philosophy and social sciences throughout the world, and show the answers of Chinese scholars to world issues.”

< p>”At present, the research by experts in literature, history and philosophy is relatively in-depth, and there is a certain distance from society.” Huang Aiping believes that scholars should do more in popularization, so that the whole society can better understand the importance of humanities and let the public know its importance. The nourishing effect of spiritual life. For example, create more excellent film and television works, novels, and popular books.

Liu Xiao is concerned that popular readings translated from overseas have been widely welcomed by the public recently. These books are not specialized research works, but a kind of books between academic and popular readings. There are fewer types of books. Scholars also generally pay attention to their own research, but their research is relatively specialized and not suitable for a wide range of people, so popularization is limited.

Liu Xiao suggested that similar educational science forums such as “Hundred Forums” should continue.

Liu Xiao called for more investment to let the whole society pay attention to the humanities. According to his observation, the country’s economic development is fast, but the humanistic development is relatively lagging behind. At present, there are fewer people reading Chinese historical and literary masterpieces. Instead, more people pay attention to gossip news and chase stars. China’s per capita reads less. Liu Xiao attributed this to the inattention of society as a whole.

The existing difficulty in enrollment in liberal arts is a problem that needs to be coordinated in a larger context. The fundamental reason is not that there are too many enrollment in liberal arts, but how to teach and learn liberal arts well. Now there are more and more emerging disciplines in the field of literature, history and philosophy, all of which are set up to adapt to social development. How to adapt to the needs of society to the greatest extent and set up corresponding disciplines so that students can learn something useful, this can be studied and thought. “We should strengthen moral education, improve national self-esteem and national self-confidence, and give full play to our subjective initiative, so that everyone can work and create for their own nation and country.” Yu Wanli said.