World Autism Day, let the “children of the stars” no longer be lonely
Chinanews client, Beijing, April 2nd. By our side, there is such a group of children, they are called “children of the stars.” They always seem to be immersed in their own world, and it is difficult for people to walk into their hearts.
Today is World Autism Day. Autism is also called autism. According to statistics, there are more than 10 million people with autism in China and more than 2 million children with autism.
Let the “stars” no longer be alone, how to discover and heal the children’s heart in time?
March 30, “World On the eve of “Autism Day”, a public welfare exhibition of children’s art works of Shandong Province was launched in Jinan, calling for the care of “children of the stars”. Photograph by Sun Hongyuan
Chinese children with autism may exceed 2 million
When it comes to “loneliness” and “autism”, people seem to always think of “withdrawal” and “psychological problems”. But from a professional point of view, autism is a widespread and serious developmental disorder. Children suffering from autism are mainly manifested as social communication and social communication barriers, as well as narrow interests and stereotyped repetitive behavior patterns.
According to statistics, there are more than 10 million people with autism in China and more than 2 million children with autism. Autism has become a global public health problem that seriously affects children’s health. The World Health Organization ranks it as the first child mental illness.
“This disease will cause varying degrees of damage to children’s social communication ability, academic functions and other functions.” Zhang Lili, chief physician of the Health Care Department of the Capital Institute of Pediatrics, said that childhood is the most vigorous and most varied individual growth and development. In the fast and most plastic period, in order to diagnose such diseases in time and start rehabilitation training as soon as possible, so as to actively improve the long-term prognosis of children, so that children can integrate into collective and social life as soon as possible, and early detection of loneliness-like symptoms in the development of children is particularly important.
But in reality, due to limited cognition and other reasons, it is often difficult for parents to find abnormalities in their children.
Zhang Lili remembers that there was a two-year-old child. Before the diagnosis, because she had been playing by herself, her mother did not find anything unusual. She always thought that the child was behaved. In response, I basically did not look at each other with my family, nor did I play with my mother. The mother took the child to the hospital and was diagnosed with autism.”
“The child’s mother was very sad, and she was diagnosed with autism.”
” Persuaded, actively carried out rehabilitation treatment, and returned for a follow-up visit a year later, the child’s condition improved.” Zhang Lili said.
Experts said that if parents can discover the differences in children with autism as early as possible, they can gain valuable opportunities for medical consultation and early intervention, which can significantly improve the outcome of children with autism.
Attending physician, Department of Health, Capital Institute of Pediatrics Teacher Zhang Lili is visiting. Photo courtesy of interviewee
How to detect autism early?
Don’t watch, ignore, don’t talk…Kids should pay attention to these behaviors!
So, in daily life, which abnormal behaviors of children need to be paid attention to? For different ages, experts remind parents to pay attention to these special performances of their children.
“First of all, during infancy, the physical and psychological needs of the child are abnormal.” Zhang Lili said, physiologically, the child sleeps too little or too much, crying very weakly or screaming during infancy. , Or appear to be particularly quiet, abnormally irritable, difficult to be comforted, difficult to feed, etc., which should be brought to the attention of parents.
In addition, experts believe that social activities have already appeared in the early stages of life. When the mother is breastfeeding or smiling at the baby, even three or four-month-old babies respond. If the child hears the voice and ignores, does not look, does not speak, does not laugh, and cannot recognize it, it may also be a manifestation of autism.
“For example, there is no response to the sound or the inability to follow objects, not looking at faces, not looking at moving faces or objects, making no sound or seldom laughing when being teased, and not being able to distinguish mothers or The faces of foster parents and strangers do not have much intimacy towards mothers, lack of alertness, fear, and avoidance behaviors towards strangers, lack curiosity, and have a narrow range of interests.” Zhang Lili said.
Experts pointed out that after a child is 1 year old, if he does not respond to verbal instructions, his acquaintances call him by name as if he did not hear him, avoiding the eyes of others, and lack of nonverbal communication with others, which should not be ignored.
Introduced by Zhang Lili, “In the child’s In early childhood, if a child lags behind other children of the same age in major exercises, he would like to run without stopping and aimlessly when he learns to walk. He lacks symbolic games, lacks imagination and creativity, is not interested in the surrounding environment and children’s activities, and has rigid behaviors. If you only recognize a fixed route for walking, and have a single favorite toy and eating habits, parents should pay attention to it.”
By the time the child is in preschool, the child’s needs and ability to interact with the environment will further reflect the problem. “It is necessary to carefully observe whether the child has contact with the environment or the requirements for communication, whether he only likes to play alone, does not know how to make friends, can he understand pretend games, and can he incorporate daily activities into the game?”
p >In addition, experts also cited more specific performance. For example, children have communication difficulties, often repeat short sentences from others or on TV, have poor language development, and tend to use postures and gestures to express what they desire. For another example, children react strongly to changes in the environment and daily routines, and appear very rigid.
“It’s also important that children have difficulty in training children to urinate, children cannot control their urination, children don’t care about other people’s feelings, and will not follow the rules. These are also important manifestations.” Zhang Lili said.
How to help autistic children?
Experts: Parental care, scientific treatment
Early detection, early diagnosis, early intervention, and early treatment are the key to scientific treatment of autism.
Experts emphasize that the sooner the intervention, the better, and there is no doubt that children who are diagnosed will intervene immediately. Because children are in the early stages of development and development, for some children, even the most professional psychiatric and developmental behavioral pediatrics experts cannot make an immediate diagnosis. At this time, parents should not “wait a while” and “take a look.” The idea that regardless of the diagnosis or suspected diagnosis of autism, intervention should be made as soon as possible.
Currently, the methods of treatment for autism include applied behavior analysis, structured education, interpersonal relationship development intervention, floor time, key behavior training techniques, and early Denver intervention models. Experts said that different children need to formulate plans according to specific conditions, and it is recommended that parents choose formal rehabilitation institutions and use scientific intervention methods.
In addition, experts further pointed out that children with autism need more care from their parents.
“It’s important to note that when taking care of infants of a small month, it is recommended that parents raise the babies themselves and increase parent-child communication with the babies,” said Zhang Lili. For example, during the feeding and nursing process, many Talk and tease with the baby emotionally, and respond with a smile, voice or nod to the baby.
Experts said that as babies grow older, they should gradually cultivate their regular eating and sleeping habits, and play more parent-child games with babies such as looking in the mirror, hiding cats, and finding sound sources. “Under the circumstance of ensuring the safety of babies, parents can help them expand the scope of activities, encourage contact with the external environment and people, and help babies recognize the different expressions of others.”
“For young children, give them an exploration environment , Express their wishes and emotions, guide and encourage them to play some functional games, and do simple housework.” Zhang Lili said, guiding children to imitate feeding dolls, patting to sleep, and encouraging them to help parents clean up toys, sweep the floor, and help take care of them. Things can cultivate children’s ability to communicate with others to a certain extent, and further provide opportunities to play with children. (End)