Would you rather scrap it than ask China? The only aircraft carrier of the Russian Navy is ill-fated, what will happen in the future
On the night of November 20, 1991, Lieutenant General Usimenko, deputy commander of the Soviet Northern Fleet, took advantage of the moon Take the transport boat and board the”Kuznetsko” parked at Sevastopol Port“Marshal Husband” aircraft carrier. Immediately, orders were given to the stunned sailors, and the aircraft carrier immediately picked up anchor and rushed to Russia’s North Moskow base.
This former Soviet Union’s true aircraft carrier has just launched , There are no aircraft on the ship, and two-thirds of the crew are still missing. Even under these circumstances, the aircraft carrier turned off all lights during the voyage. Therefore, it took three weeks for the aircraft carrier to reach the base after setting sail.
All this stems from a telegram from Kravchuk, who will be president of Ukraine two days ago.
The content is roughly as follows:The aircraft carrier”Marshal Kuznetsov” belongs to Ukraine and cannot leave Hong Kong before the independence referendum is held.
December 25, 1991, Soviet President Gorbachev announced his resignation, the Soviet flag was slowly lowered from the Kremlin, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics disintegrated.
After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Russia as the eldest son inherited 70%of the Soviet Union’s territory, 60%of the population and 80%Military power. But these did not make Russia prosperous and strong, and the Russian people did not live like the Western developed countries. On the contrary, they went from bad to worse.
In 2000, the Russian economy fell for a while after eight years of disintegration To only about 2%of the United States, this makes Russia reduced to a negligible presence in the world economy. Compared with the Soviet Union at its peak, the world’s second largest GDP has become a distant past.
Long-term financial constraints made the toddler”Marshal Kuznetsov” not complete the most basic outfits until 1994. After that, he didn’t grow up against the wind as he imagined, instead he was lying on the dock at the dock. It was even suspended completely between 1997 and 1999.
Birth is not at the right time< /p>
When the”Marshal Kuznetsov” left the Ukrainian military port, the inspection of its power system and related equipment had not yet been completed. But the matter was urgent and could only flee in a hurry.
The disintegration of the Soviet Union dealt a heavy blow to Russia’s shipbuilding industry. Due to the geographical environment and various political reasons, almost all of the large surface ships of the Soviet era were built in Ukraine. To be precise:At that time, with the exception of nuclear submarines, 90%of surface warships over 10,000 tons were made in Ukraine. Moreover, the Soviet aircraft carrier construction base was also in Ukraine at that time, which was also the only aircraft carrier construction base.
To speak unceremoniously, Russia at the time was not capable of Commissioning and overhauling the aircraft carrier”Marshal Kuznetsov”. In addition to the perennial economic difficulties, the maintenance of the aircraft carrier was huge no matter how it started, but in the face of the naked reality, it ended up being a painting project over and over again.
The Tragedy of Aircraft Carrier
The time has come to 2016. With the urgency of the wartime of Syria, as a symbol of the Russian navy, it is time for the”Marshal Kuznetsov” aircraft carrier to show its true Technology too.
However, when this ship drags billowing black smoke across most When I was in Europe, the whole of Russia fell into deep sadness. The leak happened in the evening rain, and the subsequent two successive aircraft carrier crashes completely exposed the”Marshal Kuznetsov” panties. The navy’s face was disgraced by this disrepaired aircraft carrier. Just as foreign media commented, the”Marshal Kuznetsov” visit to Syria was a hysterical”show.”
Through lessons learned, even if the military budget is still insufficient, this aircraft carrier It must also be repaired.
However, it seems that the sky is on the opposite side of the”Marshal Kuznetsov”. The aircraft carrier has just completed the maintenance task and is about to leave the shipyard. It is responsible for the maintenance of the Kuznetsov’s PD. The -50 floating dock suddenly partially sank, and two tower cranes were implicated. One fell into the sea, and the other smashed into the hull of the aircraft carrier!
This smash is not only smashed” The deck of”Marshal Kuznetsov” also smashed the Russian navy’s dream of an aircraft carrier!
The aircraft carrier is not suitable for Russia
From the disintegration of the Soviet Union to now more than 30 years, the largest surface ship launched by Russia is nothing but A 4,000-ton destroyer. Some people also say that the largest 5,000-ton class 11711″large amphibious landing ship. This ship is a larger ship. If you say it is not a ship, you can talk about a few thousand-ton ship. p>
After the outbreak of the Ukrainian crisis, it has given a lot of attention to the Russian Navy. A layer of shadows. Let’s not mention the fact that the French-made”Northwest Wind-class” amphibious assault ship cannot be bought. Russia can’t even build hundreds of tons of missile boats. The original design was to use German diesel engines, but due to the embargo , The construction is difficult to complete.
The key point was set. Russia went all over the world. Finally, it signed a contract with Henan Diesel Engine Heavy Industry Co., Ltd., and purchased the Hechai CHD622V20 marine high-speed diesel engine. It’s an embarrassing thing.
But when the scar is healed, the pain is forgotten, Russia subsequently announced plans to build a new generation of aircraft carriers.
Regarding the plans and technical indicators of Russia’s nuclear-powered aircraft carriers, there have long been models and design basic data flowing out, and the basic technical indicators are:330 meters long , 40 meters wide, with a full load displacement of 90 to 100,000 tons; the aircraft carrier is equipped with electromagnetic catapults, while retaining the skid jump deck, to ensure that when the former fails, the ship The carrier can take off by skidding; the carrier can carry about 90 various aircraft and is equipped with S500 air defense system.
This plan, in addition to wild imagination, everything It’s nonsense!
We will sort out why aircraft carriers are not suitable for Russia?
1, Russia does not have a team of professionals for the design and maintenance of aircraft carriers; (aircraft carrier) The talents are basically in Ukraine)
2. There is no large dock for building aircraft carriers and its supporting infrastructure; (Sorry, the Black Sea shipyards in Ukraine are bankrupt)
3. There is no reliable carrier-based aircraft, not only fighters, but also carrier-based fixed-wing early warning aircraft, Shipborne tanker, etc.; (previously there were Passed the Yak 141 vertical take-off and landing carrier-based aircraft, but its limited range was derided as a”mast defender”. Research and develop a new type of carrier-based aircraft, look at the current situation of SU-57, think about it)
4. Lack of modern surface naval bases, today’s aircraft carriers are only parked in maintenance factories; (now the military port is parked) Nuclear submarines and cruisers are okay. If the aircraft carrier is stopped, the port is not prepared for this!)
5. The Russian Navy has no corresponding carrier escort ships and cannot form an aircraft carrier formation; (The Russian Navy currently has only 7 large surface warships of the”Intrepid” class and 4″Glorious” class ships. One”Kirov” class ship is an old guy for decades, only the waves ahead but the waves behind!)
6. The Russian army does not have enough military expenditure to support the construction of aircraft carriers. The aircraft carrier may consume all military expenditures of the entire Russian Navy. (An aircraft carrier formation can basically spend the entire military expenditure of the Russian army, and a small heart can’t stand it!)
The best destination of”Marshal Kuznetsov” is to sell it to India just like its brother ship”Gorshkov”. At least this aircraft carrier can be regarded as a true aircraft carrier, except for the islands, which are all decks. While making money, rebuild the building capabilities of Russia’s large surface ships. Get multiple benefits in one fell swoop, why not do it!
If the Russian Navy really wants an aircraft carrier, the most What is in line with the actual situation is to send the”Marshal Kuznetsov” to Dalian. In accordance with the traditional friendship between China and Russia, a preferential repair price will definitely be offered. It will never be as pitted as Russia refitting an aircraft carrier for India. Or the Russian Navy will wait a little longer. After our 003 and 004 aircraft carriers are built, it is most appropriate for the Russian Navy to repurchase the”Liaoning”.
Future of the Russian Navy
Future Russian Navy, vigorously develop nuclear submarines and multi-purposeAmphibious ship is the right way. Russia is rich in resources, has limited maritime trade, has no demand for ocean-going escorts, and does not have enough capacity for ocean-going expansion. Therefore, the development of aircraft carriers is neither necessary nor practical.
However, it is very likely that Russia currently does not have the ability to manufacture medium-sized warships. I originally thought that the Russian Navy would abandon the aircraft carrier as a path of no return and choose an amphibious (multi-purpose) assault ship. Now it seems that you can only choose to buy.
Then, 075 is standing far away and waving to it!
I am Xiaoxin, I am not very capable, and my level is limited, so please show me a lot!