“Yuanlai” is like this 丨 they “brought salt” for the Red Army like this back then
Xinhua News Agency, Nanchang, April 9th (Reporter Yao Ziyun and Li Meijuan) At the Jinggangshan Revolution Museum, 67-year-old Li Qiude often led his grandson to visit a brown clay pot containing salt that had turned black and crystallized. “This jar of salt is our family’s heirloom.” Li Qiude said.
During the Jinggangshan struggle, in order to trap the Red Army on the mountain, the enemy set up jams at various main roads in an attempt to block the exchange of materials between Jinggangshan and the outside world, especially salt and medicine. Mao Zedong wrote in “Why China’s Red Political Power Can Exist”: “Salt, cloth, medicinal materials and other daily necessities are always in short supply and very expensive.” The daily life of soldiers and civilians is “sometimes extremely difficult.”
“There is salt and salty, and no salt is weaker.” In the winter of 1928, the Red Army distributed the salt captured by the local tyrants to the villagers. Li Qiude’s grandfather, Li Shangfa, was reluctant to eat the salt and secretly preserved the salt in case the Red Army needed it from time to time. In order to prevent it from falling into the hands of the enemy, Li Shangfa quietly buried the salt in a tree hole at the back of his house. “It wasn’t until 1959 when the museum was built that my grandfather took out the salt and donated it to the museum.” Li Qiude said.
Li Qiude in Jinggangshan The Revolution Museum introduces the salt tank donated by his grandfather (photographed by Zhang Huan)
Looking back at that period of history full of suffering, it is not an isolated case of “bringing salt” for the Red Army.
On January 30, 1929, shortly after the main force of the Fourth Red Army descended to Jinggangshan, the Fifth Red Army and the 32nd Regiment of the Fourth Red Army guarding the Jinggangshan base were outnumbered. The five main outposts of the base fell one after another, and the Kuomintang troops occupied Jinggangshan. Base area. After the main force of the Red Army broke through, a small number of the Red Army remained hidden in the mountains, and many of them were wounded and sick. The Kuomintang army guarded every entrance into the mountain closely. They rigorously interrogated people who came and went in the mountains, and imposed capital punishment on all suspects of funding the Red Army, regardless of whether they were men, women, or children. In an instant, white terror enveloped the entire Jinggangshan area.
In order to solve the problem of the Red Army’s lack of salt, the local people did everything possible to send salt up the mountain-hiding the salt in bamboo tubes, under the baskets, in the bottom of double buckets, etc., but it was often seen through and the enemy became more investigating The more stringent, many people were brutally killed for the Red Army’s secret “bring salt”.
Nie Huaizhuang, who was a member of the Women’s Committee of Maoping Township, Jinggangshan, thought of a good way to deliver salt to the Red Army: turn the salt into salt water, and then put a new cotton jacket with very good water absorption into it. In the salt water, wait for the clothes to be fully drenched before drying them. Nie Huaizhuang wore the dried clothes, put on a new coat, and went up the mountain with a bamboo basket containing mountain products, as if walking out. The relatives’ rural women dressed up, passed the inspection in this way, and successfully delivered the salt to the Red Army.
But within a month, Nie Huaizhuang caused the enemy’s suspicion because of going up the mountain many times. The enemy tortured her and interrogated the Red Army hiding place, but she did not waver, kept her mouth tight, and was shot to death by the enemy. Only 21 years old. In the movie “Sparkling Red Star”, Pan Dongzi soaked his cotton-padded clothes in salt water and cleverly avoided the “Jing Guardian” search. This plot is created from the deeds of Nie Huai makeup.
Explanation in Jinggangshan Revolution Museum Yuan Longyan is introducing the story of the ancestors “bringing salt” for the Red Army to the visitors. (Photo by Zhang Huan)
In the era of war and smoke, there was a lack of medical treatment and medicine. Salt water has also become the disinfectant for the wounded of the Red Army to cleanse the wounds, which is very precious.
Due to the large-scale siege of Jinggangshan by the Hunan and Jiangxi Kuomintang forces, the main force of the Fourth Red Army attacked southern Jiangxi in January 1929, and the injured army commander Zhang Ziqing was hidden in the deep mountainous area. At the time when the mountain was covered by heavy snow, traffic was cut off, and the food was exhausted, Zhang Ziqing was dying of hunger. In addition, the reactionary blockade and the critical lack of medicine. In the face of such severe injuries, he still cared about others and gave all the salt allocated to him for food and wound washing on the tissues to the other wounded. In May 1930, Zhang Ziqing passed away at the Jiaolin Temple in Dongli Village, Yongxin County, at the age of 29.
“In 1978, when several comrades studying party history tried to find his wife in Hunan, she was still waiting to leave her husband for more than 50 years. Looking at the gray-haired Red Army. Widow, everyone present can’t cry.” said Duan Chaoren, the commentator of the Sanwan Adaptation Memorial Hall in Yongxin County.
These stories about “bringing salt” for the Red Army are impressive. These “salt-carrying” people “speak up” for the truth and the happy life of the people, like the unyielding spring grass, laying the foundation stone for the new China. (Video reporter: Yu Gang, Liu Bin)