2021-05-04

Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway: a road of development, prosperity, happiness and unity

By yqqlm yqqlm

Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway: a road of development, prosperity, happiness and unity.

Guangming Daily reporter Wang Se, Zhang Jinghua, Geng Jiankuo, Chen Yuanqiu, Yang Jue, Gao Ping, Song Xiqun, Wang Bingya, Guangming Daily correspondent Fuzhaozhu, Tao Yuxiang

This is the most unexpected road in China: it is the longest highway crossing the desert in the world, it is the road with the largest investment in Asia, and it is the country’s “One Belt, One Road” A landmark project, it is also a road that runs through six provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, and a road of development that has realized Mr. Sun Yat-sen’s century-old dream.

The Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway, like a jade belt, stretches out from the long yellow sand and barren Gobi to the horizon on the vast northern frontiers of the motherland.

The highway started in September 2012, and it took 5 years to basically complete and open to traffic. While making local transportation convenient and promoting the economic and social development of various regions, an invisible “heart-to-heart” road connects people of all ethnic groups tightly, singing a song of praise for economic development, social prosperity, happiness in life, and national unity. .

As another representative project with typical arduous regional characteristics after the Qinghai-Tibet Railway in China, after the completion of the Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway, a full line of high-speed lines between Beijing and Xinjiang have opened up the Xinjiang-Korgos Port to The fastest route to the sea in Tianjin Port has been shortened by more than 1,300 kilometers.

“Raise your hijab and let me see your eyebrows. Your eyebrows are thin and long, like the crooked moon on the tree…”

This poem is very popular The songs of Beijing are closely linked with Xinjiang, thousands of miles away. The song’s creator Wang Luobin entered Beijing Tongzhou Luhe Middle School in 1927. Today’s Luhe Middle School, students from all ethnic groups in Xinjiang sing this song and learn in this century-old school.

Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway: a road of development, prosperity, happiness and unity

Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway enters the Gobi of Hami, Xinjiang beach. Reporter Wang Se/Guangming Picture

In 2000, in order to implement the western development strategy and implement education aid to Xinjiang, Luhe Middle School became one of the first 13 schools in the country to hold high school classes in Xinjiang. So far, more than 2,000 Xinjiang high school students have graduated from here and entered universities across the country to further their studies. Many of them finally chose to return to Xinjiang to serve the country.

In August 2003, Gulibostan Yasen, a girl from Cele County, Hotan Prefecture, Xinjiang became the only student in the county who was admitted to the higher education class

Studying at Luhe Middle School. High school life has planted the seeds of being a teacher in her heart. In August 2018, as a teacher in her hometown, she returned to her alma mater with more than 100 high school freshmen who were the same as her.

Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway: a road of development, prosperity, happiness and unity(1)

Xiamaya Township, Yiwu County, Hami City, Xinjiang Saidanmu Maimaiti of Bayi Community saw the momentum of development after the opening of the expressway, and established a Naan Cooperative with two sisters, each earning more than 2,000 yuan a month. Our reporter Wang Seshe/Guangming Picture

Speaking of all this, Gu Libostan Yasen said excitedly: “Without the selfless dedication of the teacher, there would be no where I am today. I want to take the teacher back then Every bit of help is passed on to my students so that they will always feel the favor of the party, follow the party, and be a person useful to the country and hometown.”

“After pruning these 60 acres, We have to replace a piece of forest. Everyone hurry up.” In the dense forests of the Molimo Camp of Saihanba Mechanical Forest Farm, Yu Jingbo greeted his partners loudly and launched a charge towards the last 20 acres of woodland. Yu Jingbo is a villager in Molimo Village, Hariha Township, Hebei Weichang Manchu and Mongolian Autonomous County, where the forest site is located. Since 2016, he has become an ecological forest ranger.

“Last year, 5 mu of 140,000 cups of Pinus sylvestris seedlings were sold for more than 300,000 yuan.” Looking at the neatly shaped spruce seedlings with black and green branches, Tao Yuanmin, a villager in Haliha Village, Haliha Township, had eyes flashing. , “This year, 400,000 cups of spruce seedlings can be produced. According to the current price, the income can also be about 300,000 yuan.”

Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway: a road of development, prosperity, happiness and unity(2)

The staff collected data at the Saihanba Mechanical Forest Farm in Hebei Province (photographed on July 12, 2017). Xinhua News Agency reporter Wang Xiaoshe

Ten years ago, Tao Yuanmin borrowed a 3-mu seedling base to plant spruce seedlings. After three years of hard work, no one paid any attention to the market. When Tao Yuanmin was extremely anxious, the forest farm technician came. “The technician told me that to plant seedlings, we must first choose the seeds. They helped me choose several gratifying green spruce forests in the forest farm as a seed selection base.” Tao Yuanmin said. Today, Tao Yuanmin has not only become an expert in seedlings, but also a “leading goose” leading more than 10 poor families out of poverty and becoming rich.

Tao Yuanmin’s example is a microcosm of one-on-one paired assistance between forest farm workers and farmers. Saihanba Machinery Forest Farm Party Secretary An Changming said: “For many years, the forest farm has been doing its own seedling management and sales, while giving full play to its technological advantages to support local people in developing a green seedling industry. Driven by the forest farm, the surrounding areas have developed ecological seedlings. The base has more than 4,400 acres, the total value of seedlings is more than 700 million yuan, and the annual output value is 140 million yuan. It has helped more than 4,500 poor people increase their per capita income by more than 5,000 yuan, developed 1.94 million acres of economic forest, and drove a steady increase in income of 16,000 people.”</ p>

“Dad, how many days will you stay in Hangzhou on May Day?” In the early morning of April 25, Su Yusheng, a 53-year-old self-employed transporter, received a call from his son. Su Yusheng planned to start from the village, walk the highway for more than 20 minutes to the county seat, and then take the high-speed rail to see his son.

Su Yusheng is a villager in Xinpinger Village, Xinpingbao Town, Tianzhen County, Datong City, Shanxi Province. The extensive transportation gives him and his wife more opportunities to see the outside world.

“When I was young, I walked on gravel roads and dirt roads. Before I had a sports car, I basically never went out.” Before the age of 20, Su Yusheng had never traveled because of inconvenient traffic and poor life. Far door. After becoming a big truck driver, he began to travel north and south.

On weekdays, Su Yusheng mainly transports insulation materials from Inner Mongolia to Hebei, and runs back and forth every two days. The opening of the Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway has made Su Yusheng’s journey much easier. “From the village to the highway intersection, it is only 2.5 kilometers. Now the road conditions are good, and it saves fuel and time.” Su Yusheng said, “The highway passes through our village. You can go home for a meal and sleep on the way. Let’s go.”

“Go east for 6.5 kilometers and you will reach the border of Hebei; walk 2 kilometers to the west and you will enter Inner Mongolia. To the south, take the Beijing-Dalian Expressway and Dayun Expressway to the direction of Datong and Taiyuan; Go west and merge into the Erguang Expressway…” Standing at the Wulitun toll station not far from Xinping’er Village, Su Yusheng introduced Xinping’er Village’s extensive transportation network and also expressed his vision for the future.

Moving to the west and strengthening the sense of Chinese national community

As the first stop of the Inner Mongolia section of the Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway, the three flags of Ulan Qab retain Chahar’s The name has become an area where the traditional culture and folk customs of Chahar are intact. The most shining essence of the traditional culture of Chahar is the “patriotic spirit of defending borders”.

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July 2020, located in Ulan, Inner Mongolia The Huitengxile (Huanghuagou) Grassland Tourist Area in the Chahar Right Middle Banner of Chabu City is full of flowers and lush. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Liu Lei

In the Chahar Museum of History and Culture in the Right Rear Banner of Chahar, a story is recorded: Since 1762, the Qing government has ensured its jurisdiction and military over the northwestern region. For defense, 2,000 Chahar Mongol officers and soldiers from Ulan Qab, carrying their family members, travelled a long distance and moved west to Bortala, Xinjiang in a planned way, to enrich the border defense. They defended the frontiers and cultivated, developed Xinjiang, successively expelled various aggressors, and ensured the stability of the frontier.

Yun Shuping, director of the Ulanchabu Civil Affairs Committee, said that 260 years ago, Chahar Mongolia moved to the west and crossed the Gobi Desert to overcome all kinds of difficulties and dangers, which lasted more than a year. Today’s Jingxin Expressway is more than 2,000 kilometers away, and it only takes 16 hours to reach it. Time and space are changing, and the times are advancing, but the patriotic spirit of the feat of moving westward and defending the border has not changed. Ulan Qab City has always used Chahar Mongolia’s westward migration as a rare historical textbook for the education of national, cultural, national, and historical views. It educates the people of all ethnic groups to keep watch and help each other, unite and struggle, love the party and the country, work hard, and build Firmly strengthen the sense of community of the Chinese nation.

Mazongshan Town is getting more and more convenient

Looking down from the sky, the section from the white lump to Mingshui of the Jingxin Expressway is like a black ribbon passing through the Gobi Desert. It is located Within the territory of Mazongshan Town, Subei Mongolian Autonomous County, Jiuquan City, Gansu Province.

Mazongshan Town borders Inner Mongolia to the east, Xinjiang to the west, and Mongolia to the north. It is an important border town. “Before the Jingxin Expressway was completed, there were almost no roads in Mazongshan Town, and it was especially difficult for herdsmen to go out.” said Wei Hong, Party Secretary of Mazongshan Town.

In 2017, the Baiming section of the Jingxin Expressway was completed and opened to traffic, which completely changed the traffic “dead alley” situation in Mazongshan Town. Wei Hong said: “From Mazongshan Town to the north, you can get on the Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway 6 kilometers. The Maqiao connecting line of the second-class highway 156 kilometers south of the town has also been upgraded to a first-class highway, and the journey to Lianhuo Expressway has been shortened from 3 hours. It’s one hour. The total mileage of village roads, highways, and railways in Mazongshan Town is more than 1,200 kilometers, making it very convenient for people to travel.”

“After the completion of the Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway, there are thousands of Tourists come to Mazongshan Town for tourism. Historic sites such as Mingshui Ancient City, Black Lama Military Fortress and Bunker Hill are located in the town, and the scenery of the Hei Gobi Desert is also a local characteristic landscape.” Wei Hong said. Now that there are more restaurants and hotels along the roads of Mazongshan Town, the people are becoming more and more confident. Subei County has achieved a historic leap from closed to open, from poverty to well-off.

The “Jingmin Tuanjie Road” in Xia Ma Ya

Standing on a quiet street in Xia Ma Ya Township, Yiwu County, Hami City, Xinjiang, looking at the East Tianshan, 9 kilometers south Below you, the Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway, which resembles a black ribbon, passes through the countryside. This is the first inhabited village passed by the Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway after entering Xinjiang. It closely connects this small town hidden in the Tianshan Mountains with the outside world.

Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway: a road of development, prosperity, happiness and unity(4)

White lump to Mingshui built in 2017 highway. Photo by Liu Keyuan/Guangming Picture

Aili Maimaiti, deputy mayor of Xia Maya Township, pointed to the direction of the expressway and said: “In May, we will build a 230 acres of land next to the expressway. The high-speed logistics park. The preliminary work has been completed and we are just waiting to start.”

Because of its remote location, the traffic in Xia Maya Township is extremely inconvenient. “Thirty years ago, there was not even a decent road from Xiamaya Township to Yiwu County. The villagers would have to walk more than a long time to reach the county seat,” said the mayor of Abrez Khogaminyazi. “With the efforts of the Hami Border Management Detachment from the Xia Ma Ya Border Police Station, it took 3 years to give this closed and remote township the 48-kilometer flat road for the first time, ending the history of villagers’ difficulty in entering the city, and opening up. The villagers are heading for the road of prosperity. Therefore, the folks in Xia Maya Township call this road “Police and People Unity Road”.”

The road is open, and the lives of the villagers have undergone brand-new changes. In the Women’s Employment Base of the New Silk Road Community, Rebiya Ujieti is busy making a skirt. She smiled and said: “I have been studying in the county for more than half a month, and they are all free. Production started in November last year. Now we have 153 people working here and have made more than 400 sets of clothing. Normally I’m still a border guard, and I have to protect the border for 10 days every month.”

Walking in Xia Ma Ya Township, there is a commemorative plaque for the “Clear Spring Festival”, which is famous in the local area. The inscription reads like this Said: “Clear spring water, clear Xia Ma Ya – For hundreds of years, the gurgling spring water from the Kanerjing has nourished the pocket oasis of Xia Ma Ya, and the hearts of Xia Ma Ya people have also been cleansed by this spring water. Lively and joyous. The Happy Spring Festival is a friendly example of the harmonious coexistence of people and nature in Xia Ma Ya. Xia Ma Ya in the new era is like a clear spring, singing the song of national unity, military-civilian fish and water melody with the melody of the fine arts of ethnic minorities. .”