2021-05-21

Heavy ︱ Shan Jixiang: From the Forbidden City to the world cultural heritage, why does civilization “do not ask the west and east”?

By yqqlm yqqlm

(Question about East and West) Heavyweight ︱ Shan Jixiang: From the Forbidden City to the world cultural heritage, why is civilization “no question about west and east”?

China News Service, Beijing, May 21st. Title: Shan Jixiang: From the Forbidden City to the world cultural heritage, why is civilization “no questioning west and east”?

Author Shan Jixiang (President of the Chinese Society of Cultural Relics, the sixth president of the Palace Museum, special researcher of the Central Museum of Literature and History)

Heavy ︱ Shan Jixiang: From the Forbidden City to the world cultural heritage, why does civilization “do not ask the west and east”?

From the Forbidden City in Beijing to the Louvre in Paris, from Angkor Wat in Cambodia to the pyramids in Egypt, the world Cultural heritage not only displays the diversity of human civilization, but is also increasingly closely related to people’s material and spiritual lives.

Currently, the protection of cultural heritage all over the world is facing threats of environmental degradation, war and terrorism destruction, illegal excavation, excessive tourism, rapid urbanization and other issues. Different civilizations urgently need to listen to each other and develop Work together to meet challenges together. As a major global power that first recovered from the epidemic, China is bound to play a prominent role in it.

Heavy ︱ Shan Jixiang: From the Forbidden City to the world cultural heritage, why does civilization “do not ask the west and east”?(1)

The world needs to coexist with civilizations Beyond the superiority of civilization

General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized when inspecting the world’s cultural and natural heritage of Wuyi Mountain, “If there were no Chinese civilization for five thousand years, where would there be any Chinese characteristics? If not, how could we have today? Such a successful road to socialism with Chinese characteristics?”

China is a country with great cultural heritage. Chinese civilization is the only ancient civilization in the world that has never been interrupted. As a nation with this great civilization, we have made unremitting efforts to protect and inherit ancient civilizations, and we have also gained many unique Chinese experiences. Therefore, we have the confidence to share China’s experience with the world and provide others with reference.

Through the knowledge of cultural heritage, we can have a deeper understanding of the characteristics of Chinese civilization, and we can also further understand the meaning of cultural diversity and the position of Chinese civilization in world civilization. Only by protecting cultural heritage can we better inherit the roots of Chinese civilization in the current urban construction and the current and future construction of human settlements.

As one of the several ancient civilizations in the world, the Chinese civilization has the characteristics of originality, credibility, integrity, continuity, advancement and tolerance. For thousands of years, Chinese culture has absorbed various foreign cultural factors such as Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity, and has been continuously endowed with new content. Among them, the introduction of Buddhism into China is a clear example of Chinese culture absorbing and dissolving foreign cultures, and it is the greatness of Chinese civilization. Its characteristics are to enrich the subject, melt the object, regenerate ideas, and cast a new civilization. The Chinese civilization is inclusive and rich and colorful, it is always vigorous because of innovation, and it spreads far and wide because of its distinctive characteristics, and has made an indelible contribution to the progress of human civilization.

Heavy ︱ Shan Jixiang: From the Forbidden City to the world cultural heritage, why does civilization “do not ask the west and east”?(2)

With economic globalization With the acceleration of trends and modernization, world culture is facing the danger of simplification, but economic globalization does not mean cultural globalization, and economic strength does not mean cultural hegemony. Maintaining cultural diversity helps maintain cultural ecology, cultural traditions, and cultural security. Only on the basis of mutual respect and understanding between different civilizations can they cooperate and achieve win-win results, create the future together, and promote world development.

Although the production and life styles of countries in the world today are less and less affected by national traditions, in fact, tradition is not a solidified concept. To a certain extent, traditional culture is the result of co-creation, communication, and integration by people of different races, ages, and regions. On the one hand, there has never been a traditional culture that is completely immune to the influence of foreign cultures, and “pure and pure” local culture basically does not exist; on the other hand, if the long-term formation of various ethnic groups in the world is to be colorful and diverse The culture becomes a single culture, with disastrous consequences.

Chinese civilization is formed and developed by the cultures of the various ethnic groups that make up the Chinese nation through continuous conflict and integration. The Chinese nation never blindly rejects foreign culture, but selectively absorbs and transforms it and makes it for its own use. In the new historical voyage, on the basis of respecting the diversity of civilizations in the world, how to transcend civilizational estrangement with exchanges of civilizations, transcend civilizational conflicts with mutual learning of civilizations, and transcend the superiority of civilizations with coexistence of civilizations, requires China and other countries in the world to think and act together.

Heavy ︱ Shan Jixiang: From the Forbidden City to the world cultural heritage, why does civilization “do not ask the west and east”?(3)

Ancient civilization must not be Modern disconnection

Ancient civilization once played an important role in the process of human growth, and made indelible contributions to the overall progress of human civilization and the prosperity and development of the entire world. Without the foundation of ancient civilization, the world would not be what it looks like today.

The legacy of ancient civilizations is extremely precious. They are tools for human self-recognition, are treasures for human beings to acquire wisdom, are the power to arouse national identity, are the special factors that stimulate cultural rejuvenation, and are the establishment of a nation. The important spiritual wealth of self-confidence and self-esteem. However, in the rapidly developing modern society, these non-renewable cultural heritages are facing greater threats than ever before, and urgently need to strengthen their protection and inheritance.

Over the past few decades, I have visited some ancient civilizations, and I am deeply aware that the various civilizations in the world, no matter which region, country, or nation’s social soil, are local people for generations. The cultural heritage of the country should be respected and cherished.

It is generally believed that these great ancient civilizations not only nurtured the nationalities of their own countries, but also nurtured neighboring countries and even the rest of the world for a long time. They are closely connected with and continuously blending with other civilizations; they believe that the great civilizations of the past are To a large extent, it has shaped the world today. The thought and spiritual system created by ancient civilizations are still the fundamental guiding the thinking and behavior of modern people. It is believed that ancient civilizations have immeasurable contemporary value, and they carry equality, tolerance, and mutual learning. The spirit of humanism is an important force to promote innovation, flourish culture, promote unity, maintain peace, and achieve sustainable development.

However, these brilliant civilizations are also subject to various threats. In the face of natural disasters, urban construction and human activities, cultural conflicts, illegal excavation and trafficking, terrorist activities and other challenges, in order to protect these brilliant civilizations that cannot be reproduced and cannot be replicated, people are willing to fight for life and even sacrifice their precious lives.

As the protector and inheritor of ancient civilizations, we are striving to become a bridge connecting mankind’s past, present and future, modernizing the rational factors in tradition, and gradually eliminating the barrier between ancient civilization and modern society. We must continue to promote the common values ​​of protecting world heritage to people of different identities, backgrounds, and religious beliefs, emphasizing the importance of respect for multiculturalism, and striving to make the protection and inheritance of ancient civilizations a common action for all mankind.

Heavy ︱ Shan Jixiang: From the Forbidden City to the world cultural heritage, why does civilization “do not ask the west and east”?(4)

Civilization “No Question West “East” can only learn from each other by opening up

Engels once said that the country is a generalization of civilized society. So far, human beings have gone through millions of years, and the emergence of civilization accounted for only 6,000 years. It can be said that civilization or country is the product of the development of human culture to a higher stage. Looking back at history, every development and progress of human society is a manifestation of the value of civilization. Those ancient civilizations with a long history, although they are in different eras and in different regions, have created early human civilizations, created early human countries, cities, writing, metal tools, astronomy, medicine, mathematics, philosophy, religion, etc. , Is the well-deserved source of world civilization.

Today, in the vast geographical space of ancient civilizations, ancient human civilization has left a wealth of cultural heritage, including ancient ruins, ancient tombs, ancient buildings, cave temples, stone carvings, murals, and various carriers Ancient works of art and ancient books. These cultural heritages carry the wisdom of ancient civilizations and have created a rich and splendid cultural diversity in the world.

In the history of cultural exchanges between the Chinese nation, the exchanges between ancient civilizations left a good story: Zhang Qian in the Han Dynasty visited the Western Regions twice; three Chinese monks Fa Xian, Xuanzang and Yi Jing arrived in India successively Exchange of Buddhism culture; envoys, businessmen, and foreign students from various countries gathered in Chang’an in the Tang Dynasty; Zheng He made seven voyages to the West in the Ming Dynasty. From silk to porcelain tea, from medicine to cooking, from philosophy to literature, Chinese civilization has enriched the material and spiritual lives of people in the West and the world through different carriers. The history of Chinese civilization tells us: Openness is an important condition for the development of civilization. Only openness can absorb the strengths of other civilizations, and only openness can stand on its own among the nations of the world.

For more than 40 years, China’s economic and social development has made remarkable achievements, people’s lives have been continuously improved, and the world has benefited from China’s development. However, some people in the world have claimed that when China develops, it will follow the path of “a strong country must hegemony”, posing a “threat” to other countries. In fact, since ancient times, China has advocated “the strong never insists on the weak, and the rich does not insult the poor.” The Chinese nation advocates “the world is unified”, admires “universal love”, and hopes that all nations live in peace and harmony. Although ancient China was a world power for a long time, it spread the idea of ​​peace to the outside world and exported a wealth of products. The Chinese nation has always loved peace, and the pursuit of peace, harmony, and harmony is deeply rooted in the spiritual world of the Chinese nation. Civilization “does not ask the west or east”, the Chinese nation will work with all nations and nations in the world to make unremitting efforts to prop up the bright sky of human civilization and present a positive ancient civilization to the world.

“Go alone fast, everyone walks far.” The more important thing in cultural exchanges is to be considerate and connect the heart and emotions with the cultural core. The integration of people’s hearts requires continuous effort and long-term success. For this reason, the ancient civilizations should actively strengthen exchanges and cooperation. The Chinese often say, “It’s easy to walk if you have more friends.” An Iranian proverb says, “Where there is no harmony between each other, there is no prosperity in life”. Ancient civilized countries should actively carry out dialogues among civilizations, advocate tolerance and mutual learning, and jointly explore ways to actively live in the national cultural traditions, resonate with human cultural needs in the current era, and make the “circle of friends” of ancient civilized countries become larger and larger, and establish relationships with other countries Into a close community of interests and a community of destiny. Only by carrying forward the cultural spirit that spans time and space, transcends the country, is full of eternal charm, and has contemporary value, can we disseminate the achievements of contemporary cultural innovation based on our country and facing the world. (End)