2021-05-21

Is it impossible or dare to dig through the earth? The Soviet Union used 24 years of experimentation to reach a conclusion

By yqqlm yqqlm

The interior of the earth is divided into the core, the mantle< /span> and the crust, and the average radius of the entire earth is about 6371 kilometers. Once the Soviet Union launched a plan to”dig out the earth”, but this plan did not really achieve it. The plan is famous”Kola ultra-deep drilling” plan, the emergence of the plan can be regarded as a competition between the Soviet Union and the United States, all to show Own strength, the US moon landing plan that year dealt a heavy blow to the Soviet Union, and in order to prove itself, the Soviet Union carried out the Kola ultra-deep drilling.

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And this plan can be said to have cost the Soviet Union a lot He worked hard, but it ended in failure because he couldn’t dig anymore.

Kola ultra-deep borehole stopped at 12,262 meters

Kola ultra-deep borehole is the third deepest drilled hole on earth Kong, in the modern society, has broken its records, respectively, in 2008 and 2011, Qatar Ashokhin Oil Well It is 12,289 meters deep, and Russia’s Odoptu OP-11 oil well is 12,345 meters, so it is now the third-ranked man-made product on the earth. The Kola ultra-deep well is a scientific drilling which started in the area adjacent to the Norwegian border, and the deepestscientific drilling span class=”candidate-entity-word” data-gid=”18923650″ qid=”6585511110206559496″>Drilling SG-3 reached 12,263 meters in 1989.

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But this is also the final depth of the borehole, which means that the Kola ultra-deep borehole stopped at 12,262 meters, and there is no drilling behind. Since this technology is equivalent to a product of the Cold War period, there is no scientific research value. According to the theory In the above, this area is already between the crust and the mantle filled with magma, but is it also There is no accurate answer. Therefore, due to the termination of the plan, the Soviet Union’s plan to dig through the earth also became a”bubble.”

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Why did it stop at 12262 meters?

The plan was implemented in 1970 and lasted until 1994, which was a total of 24 years, but in 1983, the depth of the well reached 12,000 meters, and the final result was It took 10 years for 262 meters. According to the published situation, the official reason is funding Insufficient, so no strong drilling was carried out, but after that the research in the area continued in the Soviet Union. By 2008, the Kola ultra-deep drilling hole was covered with rusty metal caps, and the Kola ultra-deep drilling stopped since then. .

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We saw that the official said it was due to funding problems, but some”non-scientific” claims were circulating on the Internet, that is, When Kola was drilling super deep, he heard some strange sounds, and finally came out the so-called“The Sound of Hell in Russia for 40 Seconds”, and many people have heard this sound, like the so-called sound of hell, it sounds very disturbing. So adding some people’s renderings made this incident even more mysterious.

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Finally, some people continue to say that there are so-called”Hell“, even said that there is an underground world, but these so-called strange talks have not been explained. Some even said that the Soviet Union was still trying to block the news at the time. The so-called”sealing fee” was given, so in the end, the Kola ultra-deep borehole was only 12,262 meters, and the drilling was not continued. There are still people spreading such news, but we do not know whether it is true or not. But from a scientific point of view, it is impossible for such a problem to arise.

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Stopping with 12262 meters may not be a financial issue, but a technical issue. In terms of drilling technology, the more you drill into the earth, the better the technology is needed. For example, the most important thing at the time was that the drill bit could not withstand the high temperature. The engineer responsible for the Kola ultra-deep drilling also came up with a This refrigeration method, but the resources are limited, and ultimately did not continue to provide a plan for drilling holes, so in the end, technology may actually be the reason for stopping this project, not other factors.

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The windfall of Kola’s ultra-deep drilling

Although The main purpose of the Kola ultra-deep drilling is to compete with the United States, but the Kola ultra-deep drilling plan is also an event that Russian scientists have always been proud of, because in the process of drilling, they still have unexpected gains and discovered underground”Gold Treasure House”, when the drilling depth reached 9500 meters, through analysis of the core, they found a gold-bearing layer as high as 80 g/ton. It is very rare to know that the gold content reaches 4 g/ton, and the surface of the earth exceeds 10 The ore layer of g/ton is even more rare.

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So in this state, the gold-bearing layer up to 80 g/ton is nothing more than a gold vault, but because the plan did not care Because of this factor, it is really a pity that we did not explore this aspect in the end. But this is an unexpected gain from the Kola ultra-deep drilling. It also shows that there are indeed many scarce resources in our planet, but human technology is limited and cannot be fully obtained.

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Summary:The Kola ultra-deep borehole is a”competitive game”, which is of little use. The Soviet Union tried to dig through the earth. It was a failure. Of course, the United States was even weaker. The”Mohol Plan” was once implemented, but it stopped after only five years of implementation, because this kind of competition didn’t make much sense, and we can’t judge here, the United States and the Soviet Union. In the end, whoever wins and loses in the competition will not be discussed here. But the Soviet Union used 24 years of experimentation, the Kola ultra-deep drilling program, and finally came to the conclusion, That is, people don’t dare to dig, but they can’t, because the technology can’t reach it.