Population map of 31 provinces: 11.01 million people lost from the Northeast, Guangdong is the most attractive
Chinanews client, Beijing, May 13th (Reporter Li Jinlei) With the announcement of the results of the seventh national census, the latest population map of 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities has also been revealed to the world. Which province is the youngest? Which province is the oldest? Which province is the most “attractive” and which province is the least able to retain people… Let’s take a look at the 31 provinces with the most population.
——The most in Guangdong” “Inviting people” has the largest total population and increase
From the perspective of total population, two of the 31 provinces have a population of more than 100 million people, namely Guangdong and Shandong. The population of Guangdong is 126,012510, and that of Shandong is 101,527,453. Henan ranked third with 99,365,519 people, only one step away from 100 million people.
Guangdong can be described as a “double champion”, not only the most populous province in the country, but also the country’s largest economic province.
“In the east, west, south, north, make a fortune to Guangdong”, Guangdong is the most attractive and popular. Statistics show that Guangdong has increased its population by more than 21.7 million people over the past 10 years, the largest in the country. At the same time, Guangdong is also the province with the largest number of Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan residents and foreigners.
Compared with the sixth national census in 2010, 25 of the 31 provinces have increased populations. The five provinces with larger population growth are: Guangdong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shandong, Henan, with an increase of 21,709,378, 10,140,697, 6,881,13, 5,734,388, and 5,341,952 respectively.
From the perspective of flow, the population continues to agglomerate along the Yangtze River, coastal areas and inland urban areas. The population of major urban agglomerations such as the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, and Chengdu-Chongqing urban agglomerations has grown rapidly and the concentration has increased.
Harbin Railway Station. Provided by Harbin Railway
——The population of Northeast China has decreased by 11.01 million in 10 years. Heilongjiang has lost the most.
In 2020, the total population of the three provinces of Northeast China will be 98.51 million, close to 100 million people, and the scale is still relatively large. , But 11.01 million fewer than ten years ago.
From a regional perspective, the proportion of the population in the Northeast has dropped the most. The population of the eastern region was 563,717,119, accounting for 39.93%, an increase of 2.15 percentage points; the population of the central region was 364,694,362, accounting for 25.83%, a decrease of 0.79 percentage points; the population of the western region was 382,852,295, accounting for 27.12%, an increase of 0.22 percentage points The population of Northeast China is 98,514,948, accounting for 6.98%, and the proportion is down by 1.20 percentage points.
Among them, Heilongjiang has a population of 318,500,88 people, a decrease of more than 6.46 million people from the 38,312,224 people 10 years ago. It is the province with the largest population loss.
As for the population decrease in the Northeast, Ning Jizhe, director of the National Bureau of Statistics, responded that it was affected by many factors such as the natural environment, geographic environment, population fertility level, and economic and social development.
The Northeast is located in a high latitude area in my country. The winter is relatively long and cold. Some people from the Northeast migrate to the warmer south. In addition, affected by factors such as fertility concepts and fertility behaviors, the natural population growth rate in Northeast China has been lower than the national average for a long time. It should also be noted that the economy of the Northeast region is in a critical period of structural adjustment. The diversified development opportunities and employment prospects of some economically developed provinces and cities along the coast are more attractive to the population of other regions, including the Northeast.
Gender composition of the population by region .
——The sex ratio of the total population of Jilin is the lowest in the northeast.
Of the 31 provinces, there are 2 provinces with the sex ratio of the total population below 100, namely Jilin (99.69) ) And Liaoning (99.7), which means that there are more women than men in these two provinces.
Heilongjiang is 100.35, ranking third from the bottom. It can be said that the three northeastern provinces are “depressions” in the sex ratio, which is much lower than the 105.07 sex ratio of the national total population.
Analyzed that there are more women than men in the Northeast. On the one hand, it is because the Northeast has implemented the family planning policy most thoroughly. The concept of one-child has long been deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. The sex ratio at birth of 106.3 is far lower than the national average; This is because the three northeastern provinces are out-of-population provinces, and the proportion of men in the floating population is relatively high. The “strong men” leave behind, and women live longer, which naturally leads to more women than men.
In contrast, the three provinces with the highest sex ratio of the total population, namely Guangdong (113.08), Hainan (112.86) and Tibet (110.32), are all above 110.
Guangdong has the highest sex ratio in the total population, that is, there are more men than women. As a province, it is the influx of a large number of male laborers that has pushed up the sex ratio to a certain extent.
The age composition of the population in each region .
——Tibet is the “youngest” and Liaoning is the “oldest”
From the perspective of age composition, which province is the “youngest”? Which province is the “oldest”?
Tibet is the youngest. Statistics show that the proportion of the population aged 0-14 in Tibet is 24.53%, the highest in the country; while the proportion of the population aged 60 and over is 8.52%, the lowest in the country; except for Tibet (5.67%), the proportion of the elderly population aged 65 and over in 30 provinces Both exceed 7%.
Liaoning is the “oldest”. Statistics show that the proportion of the population aged 60 and over in Liaoning is 25.72%, the highest in the country. Among them, the proportion of the population aged 65 and above is 17.42%, which is also the highest in the country.
According to internationally accepted standards, when a country or region’s population of 65 years and older accounts for more than 7%, it means that it is aging; it reaches 14%, which means deep aging; if it exceeds 20%, then Enter a super-aging society.
Therefore, Liaoning is already deeply aging. In the “Liaoning Province Population Development Plan (2016-2030)” published in 2018, Liaoning also bluntly stated that the aging of the province’s population will accelerate from 2016 to 2030. The trend of aging is obvious, and the proportion of the working-age population will decline. Reduce the potential growth rate of the economy, weaken the demographic dividend, and increase the pressure on public services such as social security such as pension and medical care and the pension service system.
From a national perspective, 12 provinces have entered a stage of deep aging. These 12 provinces are Liaoning, Chongqing, Sichuan, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Shandong, Anhui, Hunan, Tianjin and Hubei.
Every 100,000 in each region The number of people with various educational levels in the population.
——Beijing has the most “culture”
The education level of the population is related to the “population quality dividend” and affects the development prospects of a region.
The census data shows that among the national population, there are 21.836 million people with a university education. Compared with 2010, the number of people with university education per 100,000 people rose from 8,930 to 15,467, and the average number of years of education for the population aged 15 and above increased from 9.08 years to 9.91 years.
Among them, for every 100,000 people in Beijing, there are 41980 people with university education, which is the highest in the country; the average number of years of education for people aged 15 and above is 12.64 years, which is also the highest in the country.
That is, the Beijing population has the most “cultural”.
The changes in the demographic landscape are also behind the changes in the economic structure. The “big power roll call” has ended, but population changes and competition continue. (End)