China’s free blood donation ranks among the top in the world Have you ever stretched out your arm for love?
Chinanews.com client, Beijing, June 14th (Reporter Zhang Ni) June 14th is World Blood Donor Day. Official data show that in 2020, the number of unpaid blood donations across the country will reach 15.53 million. The number of people who donate blood free of charge and the amount of blood collected in China have achieved continuous growth for more than 20 years. Even under the epidemic, the amount of blood collected has not been greatly affected.
On this special day today, give praise to all those who have stretched out their arms for love!
Data Map China News Service Photo by reporter Zhai Yujia
Ranked among the top in the world! The number of unpaid blood donations nationwide has increased by 47 times in 22 years
In 1998, the “Blood Donation Law of the People’s Republic of China” was implemented and a work system for unpaid blood donation was established.
Data from the National Health Commission shows that since 1998, the number of people who donate blood without compensation and the amount of blood collected have achieved continuous growth for more than 20 years.
The number of unpaid blood donations nationwide has increased from 328,000 in 1998 to 15.53 million in 2020, an increase of 47 times. The blood donation rate per 1,000 population has increased from 4.8‰ in 1998 to 11.1‰ in 2020. .
From January to April this year, the number of unpaid blood donations nationwide reached 5.119 million, and the blood donation volume reached 8.845 million units, totaling 1769 tons. The number of unpaid blood donations and the volume of blood donations increased by 4% and 4.5% respectively over the same period in 2019.
In addition, a total of 452 blood stations have been built across the country, forming a horizontal-to-side and vertical-to-bottom blood station with provincial blood centers as the leader, prefecture-level central blood stations as the main body, and central blood banks as supplements. service system.
The global blood safety report released by the World Health Organization shows that China ranks among the top in the world in terms of unpaid blood donation, blood safety, and clinical blood use.
“The Passing of Love” No interruption! The amount of blood collected has not been significantly affected by the epidemic
It is worth mentioning that in the case of the outbreak of the new crown pneumonia last year, the country’s unpaid blood donation was not significantly affected.
Data show that in 2020, the amount of blood collected from free blood donations across the country reached 26.36 million units, a total of 5272 tons, and the amount of blood collected was only 0.48% less than in 2019.
Under the epidemic, the people’s enthusiasm for donating blood free of charge has not diminished, and those who have recovered from new coronary pneumonia use their own recovery plasma to contribute to the fight against the epidemic.
Due to the specific neutralizing antibodies in the plasma of the recovered patients, they can neutralize the patient’s virus and effectively reduce the viral load, thereby preventing the new coronavirus from causing continuous damage to the body and organs. Therefore, it is A very effective means of patient treatment.
The National Health Commission recently revealed that up to now, more than 4,700 convalescent plasmas have been collected across the country, totaling 1.47 million ml. Nearly 3,000 people were collected in Hubei Province alone, accounting for 60%.
China enters “Internet+ “Free blood donation” stage
In the field of unpaid blood donation, blood management and blood donor service informatization level are advancing with the times. China has opened a new stage of “Internet + free blood donation” service.
In 2019, China established and launched a national blood management information system, realizing the dynamics of blood collection, supply, testing, deployment, inventory, and blood donor information from 452 blood stations across the country. Management and interconnection provide guarantee for blood management and scientific decision-making.
In 2020, the national electronic unpaid blood donation certificate will be launched. According to Liu Jiang, director of the Beijing Blood Center, the National Electronic Unpaid Blood Donation Certificate records in detail the time, location, type of blood donation, single and total blood donations, and the number of blood donations of blood donors. Blood donors only need to use a mobile phone to perform simple procedures. Attestation, the electronic version of the blood donation certificate can be obtained, and the blood donation footprint can be seen at a glance.
The electronic unpaid blood donation certificate has the same effect as the paper version of the blood donation certificate. For example, when the blood fee is reduced or exempted, blood donors and relevant departments can use the electronic unpaid blood donation certificate to conveniently query or issue blood donation records for use Convenience.
Want to participate in voluntary blood donation? First understand these related knowledge!
——Is donating blood harmful to health?
The World Health Organization believes that a healthy adult should donate blood no more than 13% of his total blood volume, which has no adverse effects on the body.
The total blood volume in the human body is about 7% to 8% of the body weight. For an adult weighing 50 kg, the total blood volume in the body is about 3500 to 4000 ml. If calculated according to the blood donation volume of 400 ml, that is 10%, which is much lower than the World Health Organization’s 13% safe blood donation standard.
——How long can I recover after donating blood?
After blood donation, the metabolism of bone marrow is accelerated, and the blood stored in the liver, spleen and other organs of the human body will quickly enter the blood circulatory system and maintain a balance with the circulating blood volume. The fluid around the blood vessels will immediately enter the blood vessels, and it only takes 1 to 2 hours to make up for the lost blood volume; plasma proteins can be made up in about 1 to 2 days; red blood cells and hemoglobin can be restored to before blood donation in 7 to 10 days Level.
——Is there an age limit for blood donation?
The state encourages citizens to participate in unpaid blood donation at the age of 18 to 55 years old. For multiple blood donors who have not had a blood donation response in the past and meet the requirements of the health check, they can extend their age to 60 years old if they voluntarily request blood donation again.
——Dizziness after blood donation Is it normal?
It is a rare case. The vast majority of blood donors did not have any adverse reactions to blood donation. A small number of blood donors may experience dizziness and other discomforts. This is a transient vasovagal reaction, which is more common in first-time blood donors. Nervous mood and group effects are common inducements. This discomfort can be relieved after proper treatment and a short rest.
——How often can I donate blood?
1) Whole blood, the interval between the two times is not less than 6 months;
2) Apheresis of platelets, the interval between the two times is not less than 2 weeks, not more than 24 times/ year. Due to special matching needs, approved by the doctor, the minimum interval is no less than 1 week;
3) Donate platelets first and donate whole blood later: the interval is no less than 4 weeks;
4) Donate whole blood first, then donate platelets: the interval is not less than 3 months.
——What should I pay attention to after donating blood?
1) After blood donation, compress the needle eye for about 10 minutes or use an elastic bandage for about 20 minutes to prevent subcutaneous bleeding; keep the needle eye dry and clean, and do not touch water within 4 hours to avoid infection; blood donation arm 24 Do not lift heavy objects within hours;
2) Do not exercise vigorously within 1 to 2 days;
3) Drink plenty of water, and appropriately supplement some foods with high vitamin C and iron content, such as : Lean meat, eggs, pork liver, soy products, vegetables, fruits, etc.;
4) If there is blood oozing at the needle eye, redness and swelling, apply cold within 24 hours and apply hot after 24 hours, usually 7 to 10 The sky will disappear;