People first, high-quality talents enhance national strength
The average life expectancy in China in 2019 is 77.3 years. The illiteracy rate in 2020 will be reduced to 2.67%.
People supreme, high-quality talents enhance national strength
From the population of 542 million in the early days of the founding of New China, to the population of 1.41 billion announced in the seventh national census in 2020, China’s population currently accounts for about 18% of the world’s total population, which is the world’s No. A country with a large population; from the early days of the founding of New China, China’s average life expectancy was less than 35 years to the National Bureau of Statistics announced in 2019 that China’s average life expectancy was 77.3 years, an increase of 42.3 years in 70 years; from the beginning of the founding of New China, the country’s life expectancy was as high as 80% The illiteracy rate will be reduced to 2.67% by 2020, and the quality of our population will continue to improve…
Under the leadership of the party, the Chinese are no longer the “sick men of East Asia” called by the West, but health, wisdom and self-confidence. Of modern citizens. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that the safety of people’s lives and health are always the top priority. China is moving from a country with a large population to a country with strong human resources, and further enhances its overall national strength by cultivating high-quality talents.
(Participants of the literacy class in the 1950s)
From not knowing big characters to leading friends to literacy classes
“The black, long-dang sky and stars come out, the blackboard Write and put light on, learn to recognize and recognize the two characters clearly, why do you need to be literate when you are old? If you don’t know how to read, we don’t know the big things. In the past, we were illiterate, and we were confused and deceived by others. Hey hey hey…” The 83-year-old Chen Fenglian sang the literacy song she learned when she attended the literacy class more than 60 years ago, remembering every sentence clearly.
At the beginning of the founding of New China, the illiteracy rate of the country’s 540 million people was as high as 80%. After the first National Workers and Peasants Education Conference was held in Beijing in September 1950, a large-scale literacy literacy campaign quickly spread across the country.
In the 1950s and 1960s, New China launched four literacy campaigns. Among them, the “Quick Literacy Method” invented by Qi Jianhua, the cultural officer of the Southwest Military Region, has been widely implemented nationwide, enabling many soldiers, workers, and farmers to get rid of blindness in a short period of time.
Chen Fenglian was born in Xiwang Village, Xiangfen County, Linfen City, Shanxi Province in 1939. Both of her parents are farmers. She never went to school since she was a child and didn’t know a big character. At the age of 15, catching up with the national literacy movement, Chen Fenglian’s village loudspeaker shouted every day, calling everyone to learn to read. “I don’t think I’m literate, so I’m particularly willing to go.”
Chen Fenglian goes to class every afternoon for about two hours at a time. The teacher is a teacher from the village school or a literate person in the village.
“Qi Jianhua of the Southwest Military Region created a fast-track literacy method. He thought of ways to help the illiterate learn culture, learn culture, and build our new country. Hey, hey, hey. “Chen Fenglian sang another literacy song that she learned back then. She said that during the class, the teacher taught a lot of literacy songs. Chen Fenglian loves to sing. She sings every day when she is working on the farm. She drove a lot of good friends around to go to class together. She stayed until she was about 18 years old. “After I finished learning, I knew a lot of characters, and based on this, I went to a peasant night school for a while.” Chen Fenglian said that the literacy class became the place where she learned the most culture.
Text/Reporter Gao Yuyang
(Country doctors in Taocheng District, Hengshui City, Hebei Province)
Country doctors have health clinics provided by the state for free< /p>
“The previous patriotic health campaign was mainly to eliminate the four pests. In the past, the village would distribute rat poison, mosquito and fly poison, etc., and propaganda on the elimination of the four pests through radio, but in general, the methods were relatively simple. Now compared with before, it is very different.”
Qu Jinzhao is a rural doctor in Taocheng District, Hengshui City, Hebei Province. He was born in 1968 and studied medicine with his father after graduating from junior high school. He later became a barefoot doctor in the village. In 1998, 30-year-old Qu Jinzhao obtained the qualification certificate of a rural doctor.
Qu Jinzhao said that as a doctor, in addition to treating the villagers, he is also responsible for public health education and publicity. “I do about six times a year for public health education and publicity. This activity has been going on for five or six years.” He said, “It was really difficult at the beginning. The people in the village didn’t really want to listen. They need to go one by one. Mobilization. But now there are more and more people focusing on health preservation, and their health awareness is gradually increasing.”
In January 2015, the State Council issued the “Opinions on Further Strengthening Patriotic Health Work in the New Era.” It is clear in the opinion that health education and health promotion should be strengthened. Medical and health institutions should actively carry out health education when providing diagnosis and treatment services, and promote key populations to change their bad habits and form a healthy lifestyle. Qu Jinzhao said that compared with earlier years, health education now has more channels for publicity. “For example, it can be publicized on the Internet and WeChat. In the past, there was only one broadcast speaker in the village.”
In addition to health education, Qu Jinzhao also provides four times a year health services to patients with hypertension, diabetes, pregnant women, mental patients, as well as low-income households and five-guarantee households.
It is worth mentioning that Qu Jinzhao’s health room is also provided free of charge by the state, and regular operating fees are also given. He said, “It turned out to be in a small house I rented. In 2016, I moved from the small rented house to a health room provided by the state free of charge. It was also equipped with basic facilities such as computers, all-in-one computers, and medicine cabinets.” /p>
Text/Reporter Meng Yaxu
(Director of the Urban and Rural Resident Pension Insurance Management Bureau, Xiaojin County, Aba Prefecture, Sichuan Province)
The new rural cooperative insurance coverage rate has increased from 66 % Increased to 100%
“Poverty out of poverty for three to five years, one disease back to the past; with appendicitis, white farming for one year.” “Reluctant to eat, reluctant to wear, just save some pension money.” It used to be a true portrayal of rural residents’ difficulty in seeing a doctor or providing for the elderly. The new rural cooperative medical system and the new rural social endowment insurance system, which were established in 2003 and 2009 respectively, have given farmers a glorious prospect of “seeing a doctor is not too expensive and worrying about old-age care”.
In October 2003, Tongzhou District of Beijing officially launched the new rural cooperative medical system, with farmers participating voluntarily. Zhou Qiuxin, former deputy director of the New Rural Cooperative Office of Tongzhou District, remembers that at the beginning of the implementation of the New Rural Cooperative Medical System, it was difficult for everyone to accept it. The awareness of mutual assistance was low and the insurance participation rate was low. Various towns and villages adopted various forms such as village collective subsidies and party members to take the lead to mobilize everyone. Insured. After several years of operation, farmers have seen the tangible benefits brought by the new rural cooperative medical system and began to ask her when to participate in the insurance, how to participate in the insurance, and the cost of participating in the insurance.
“Aunt Liu in Yongledian Town has been suffering from uremia for many years and needs long-term treatment. After participating in the new rural cooperative medical insurance, the total cost of medical treatment for 4 years is 370,372 yuan, and the total reimbursement and serious illness compensation amount are 237,683 yuan. Only a small part is required, which prevents the family from becoming impoverished due to illness and returning to poverty due to illness.” Zhou Qiuxin said as an example.
Jin Caihong, director of the Urban and Rural Pension Insurance Administration of Xiaojin County, Aba Prefecture, Sichuan Province, has been engaged in pension insurance for urban and rural residents since he joined the work in 2013. Known as a “plateau backpacker”, she visited the remote and impoverished Lianghekou Town at an altitude of more than 3,000 meters to promote the policy, and it took more than 700 days to increase the insured rate in Lianghekou Town from 66% to 100%.
“There is a big brother Li in Murakami. Every time I go to his house and tell him to participate in the insurance, he says,’I don’t want to participate in the insurance. This little money is really right in front of me.’” Jin Caihong said, she explained the policy in a vernacular way, “I also told Brother Li, you don’t have to worry, in the unfortunate event of an accident, the personal account will be refunded before the receipt is completed Yes. After listening to my explanation, Brother Li finally participated in the insurance.”
Now, the new rural cooperative medical insurance has been integrated with the urban residents’ medical insurance into the urban and rural residents’ medical insurance, and the new rural insurance and the urban residents’ social endowment insurance The insurance was merged into the basic pension insurance for urban and rural residents. In 2020, the number of people participating in basic medical insurance nationwide will exceed 1.36 billion, and the number of people participating in basic old-age insurance for urban and rural residents will exceed 540 million. Among them, the participation rate of poor people will reach 99.99%. Text/Reporter Dong Xin
(Staff of Minwang Community Service Station, Hepingli Street, Beijing)
Promote vaccination to build an immune barrier
In May On an ordinary working day, Lin Shanshan from the Minwang Community Service Station in Hepingli Street, Beijing, together with her colleagues, arranged vehicles for residents in need of vaccinations, helped the elderly get on the bus, and sent them to the vaccination point to guide the residents We lined up to be vaccinated in an orderly manner. Lin Shanshan and her colleagues have been doing this kind of work for several months.
The National Health Commission notified on June 20 that as of June 19, the country’s new crown vaccination had exceeded 1 billion doses. The largest inoculation work implemented since the founding of New China has ushered in a major milestone.