UN report: 160 million child workers worldwide, 9 million children are at risk
China News Service, June 10th. According to the news from the United Nations website on the 9th, on the occasion of World Day without Child Labor on June 12, the latest report released by the International Labour Organization and the United Nations Children’s Fund on the 9th pointed out that the number of child workers in the world In the past four years, it has increased by 8.4 million to 160 million. Due to the impact of the new crown pandemic, another 9 million children are at risk of becoming child laborers.
p > On February 5, 2015 local time, Secunderabad, India, the Indian police sent rescued child laborers on a train and returned to their hometown. A total of about 400 child laborers working in bracelet factories have been rescued recently.
The report entitled “Child Labor: 2020 Global Estimates, Trends and the Way Forward” warns that progress in ending child labor has stalled for the first time in 20 years, bringing the previous downward trend. reverse.
The report pointed out that since 2016, the number of children aged 5 to 17 who are engaged in hazardous work (defined as work that may harm their health, safety or spirit) has increased by 6.5 million to 79 million.
The report pointed out that in sub-Saharan Africa, in the past four years, due to population growth, recurring crises, extreme poverty and insufficient social protection measures, child labor has increased by 16.6 million.
Even in regions that have made some progress since 2016, such as Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, the new crown pandemic is jeopardizing this progress.
The report warns that, due to the new crown pandemic, by the end of 2022, 9 million children worldwide will be at risk of becoming child laborers. Simulation models show that if they cannot access key social protection services, this number may reach 46 million.
Other major findings include: the agricultural sector has the most child labor, accounting for 70% (112 million), followed by services (31.4 million) and industry (16.5 million), accounting for 20% and 10% respectively; At all ages, child labor is more common among boys than girls; child labor in rural areas (14%) is nearly three times higher than in urban areas (5%).
The economic shock caused by the new crown pandemic and school closures mean that children who are already engaged in child labor may have to work longer hours or face deteriorating working conditions, and more children may be affected by the family’s work and income. The losses and forced to engage in the worst forms of child labor.
ILO Director-General Ryder said: “Inclusive social protection allows families to keep their children in school even in financial difficulties. Increasing investment in rural development and decent agricultural work is crucial Important. We are at a critical juncture and a lot depends on how we respond. Now is the time to commit and invest our energy again to reverse the situation and break the vicious circle of poverty and child labor.”
United Nations UNICEF Executive Director Faure said: “We urge governments and the International Development Bank to prioritize investment in programs that can free children from child labor and return to school, and social protection programs that can help families avoid making this choice.” /p>
As part of the International Year for the Elimination of Child Labor, the “Global Partnership Alliance 8.7” is encouraging member states, businesses, trade unions, civil society, and regional and international organizations to redouble their efforts to combat child labor worldwide through concrete action commitments phenomenon. UNICEF and ILO are partners in the alliance.