2021-07-05

Scientists reconstructed the silver trade scenario in the Eastern Mediterranean: from the Trojan War to the Roman Republic

By yqqlm yqqlm

Scientists reconstructed the silver trade scenario in the Eastern Mediterranean: from the Trojan War to the Roman Republic

The research team used high-precision isotope analysis to determine the The ore source of trace lead found in the mine. Hacksilber is irregularly cut silver ingots, including broken silver ingots and jewelry, used as a means of payment in the southern Levant from the beginning of the second millennium BC to the fourth century BC. Used in local and international transactions, its value is determined by weighing it with a standardized weight on a balance. It was found in archaeological excavations in the area and is usually stored in ceramic containers. Since there are no silver mines in the Levant, it is almost entirely dependent on imports.

Dr. Liesel Gentelli presented the research at the Goldschmidt Geochemistry Conference. He said: “Even before the coin appeared, there was international trade, and Hacksilber was one of the commodities being exchanged.”

The research team analyzed 13 different sites of Hacksilber from 1300 BC to 586 BC from the southern Levant, modern Israel, and the Palestinian Authority. These samples include findings from’En Gedi, Ekron, and Megiddo (also known as Armageddon). They matched their findings with ore samples and showed that most of the Hacksilber came from the southern Aegean and the Balkans (Macedonia, Thrace, and Illyria). Some are also found from far away Sardinia and Spain.

Lead researcher Liesel Gentelli (Education Normal University of Lyon, France) said: “Previous researchers believed that after the social collapse of the late Bronze Age, the silver trade had ended, but our research showed that, in particular, The communication between the South Levant and the Aegean world has never stopped. People in the Eastern Mediterranean are still in contact. Silver is likely to flow to the Levant due to trade or plunder.

Let’s see At the time of the transition from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age, that is, around 1300-1100 BC, there was a scarcity of silver. Some collections from this period showed that the copper content in silver ingots was abnormally high, which may be to make up for the lack of silver. It’s added.

We cannot match the current discovery of the silver trade with specific historical events, but our analysis shows that from before the Trojan War (some scholars set it as the 12th century BC At the beginning), to the establishment of Rome in 753 BC, until the end of the Iron Age in 586 BC, marked by Nebuchadnezzar’s destruction of the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem, the importance of the Hacksilber trade. After this, we see the importance of the Hacksilber trade. The gradual introduction of coins, first was the discovery of some ancient coins, and later in about 450 BC, the southern Levante transitioned to a monetary economy, which made Hacksilber’s trade less important. However, this work Reveals the continuous and critical economic role of Hacksilber in the economy of the Bronze and Iron Age”.

Dr Matthew Ponting, a senior lecturer in archaeological materials at the University of Liverpool, commented: “This is an important new work that confirms our understanding of the Levantine trade and exchange routes in the early Iron Age. The fact that all silverware found in the region must be imported provides exciting possibilities for a wider investigation of trade routes and understanding of alloy usage and preferences during this important historical period.”