U.S. startup Helion Energy’s next-generation nuclear fusion facility has broken ground
The complexity and great potential of nuclear fusion make it Researchers solve problems from various angles, and they all try to use a process that takes place inside the sun. This means that strong heat and pressure are used to cause collisions between independent atoms, thereby combining them into larger atoms, releasing huge amounts of energy in the process and achieving zero emissions at the same time.
The doughnut-shaped reactor called tokamak is considered to be the most feasible tool to reproduce this process on earth, but there are other ways that are being explored, such as twisting and rotating Stellar design. Helion Energy is pursuing this technology through its own patented plasma accelerator, which uses deuterium and helium-3 fuels as a starting point.
In the equipment of Helion Energy These fuels are heated to extreme temperatures to form plasma, which is then magnetically confined in what the company calls a field reversal configuration (FRC). Two FRCs are formed at the two ends of the accelerator, and then are struck together with magnets at a speed of 1 million miles per hour (1.6 million kilometers per hour), forming a spectacular collision in the center. Here, they are further compressed by powerful magnets and heated until they reach a temperature of 100 million degrees Celsius, which eventually causes deuterium and helium-3 to fuse together to form an expanding plasma that reacts to the magnetic field and induces current, which can act as a Electricity collection.
Since its establishment in 2013, Helion Energy has achieved some important milestones. This includes demonstrating the ability to recover energy from its system at 95% efficiency, developing a self-sufficient production cycle for its helium-3 fuel, and recently achieving 100 million degrees Celsius in its sixth prototype called Trenta Necessary plasma temperature.
Like all those who study nuclear fusion Like people, Helion Energy is eager to achieve the energy balance of fusion, that is, the energy generated by its system exceeds the energy required for its operation. This will be a key goal when it finally begins operations at its new plant in Everett, Washington, which it says will provide up to 150 local jobs.
Dr. David Kirtley, founder and CEO of Helion Energy, said: “In this facility, Helion will approach its goal of breaking nuclear fusion barriers and pushing the world towards the end of the fossil fuel era.”< /p>