2021-08-29

Visiting World Heritage Quanzhou “One Pavilion and Double Exhibition”: Interpreting the “Official Code” of Song and Yuan Dynasties

By yqqlm yqqlm

China News Service, Quanzhou, August 29 (Sun Hong and Wu Guanbiao) As a window of dialogue between China and the world in the Song and Yuan dynasties, Quanzhou, Fujian’s new world heritage site, showcases China’s complete maritime trade system, developed economic level, and diversity Inclusive cultural attitude.

Recently, reporters from Chinanews.com visited the Nanwai Zongzhengsi site in the ancient streets and alleys of Quanzhou. In the “Sounds of the Seas-the Relics of Ships in Quanzhou” exhibition, the “official code” for the prosperity of China’s overseas trade in the Song and Yuan dynasties is explored.

Among the 22 heritage sites of the world cultural heritage “Quanzhou: The World Ocean Trade Center of China in the Song and Yuan Dynasties”, the Quanzhou Nanwai Zongzhengsi Site and the Quanzhou Bosi Site have been accompanied by archaeological excavations in recent years. Go deep and gradually become known to the world.

Nanwai Zongzheng Division and Shibosi Division, both belonged to the high-level official government in the Song and Yuan dynasties, reflecting the special city status of Quanzhou in the Song and Yuan dynasties. Among them, the Nanwai Zongzheng Division was the institution that managed the Zhao family group who moved to Quanzhou during the Southern Song Dynasty; the Shibo Division was the administrative institution that managed marine trade during the Song and Yuan Dynasties.

Visiting World Heritage Quanzhou “One Pavilion and Double Exhibition”: Interpreting the “Official Code” of Song and Yuan Dynasties

Aerial photography of the relics of the Ship Division of Quanzhou City. Photo by Wang Jun

In the exhibition hall, there are a large number of detailed and professional text introductions, as well as physical exhibits such as ancient books, genealogy, plaques, diagrams, charts, maps and other forms of charts, archaeological process record materials and themes Video and other new media and multimedia methods are vivid and easy for visitors to understand. The exhibition also incorporates many ingenious ideas in the space design to create an immersive experience for visitors.

In the Qing Dynasty Daoguang edition of “Jinjiang County Chronicles” Volume XIII “Official Office Records” records: “Nanwai Zongzhengsi, outside the Shuqingmen, the capital of the prison house was changed to Xingya. Jianyanzhong , And then changed to Division. There are punishment centers, Zixinzhai, Furongtang and Chi, and Tianbaochi and Zhonghoufang Zhusheng.”

Fu Enfeng, a member of the Quanzhou City Archaeological Team, told reporters that the exhibition hall The “official” type bricks and tiles, nineteen-petal lotus-patterned tile, animal face-patterned tile and other architectural components, as well as the contents of ink books on the bottom of porcelain bowls such as “water and land” and “Zhao”, support the location and location of the site. The nature of the architectural site can also be mutually confirmed with the records of historical documents such as “Jinjiang County Chronicles”.

It is worth mentioning that the Quanzhou Nanwaizongzhengsi site, located in the southwest of Suqingmen in Quanzhou and on the south side of Kaiyuan Temple, is the first scientific excavation of the Song and Yuan Dynasty architectural relics with unique construction methods in southern Fujian. The only site of Song Dynasty Zongzheng Division currently under archaeological excavation.

The size and richness of the remains of the Nanwaizongzhengsi site fully demonstrate its important position in the Song and Yuan dynasties. The establishment of the Nanwaizongzhengsi has strengthened the state power’s promotion of the maritime trade in Quanzhou, and further proves it Quanzhou has played an important role in maritime trade since the Song Dynasty.

Visiting World Heritage Quanzhou “One Pavilion and Double Exhibition”: Interpreting the “Official Code” of Song and Yuan Dynasties(1)

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p >Various types of ceramics unearthed from the site of Quanzhou Nanwai Zongzheng Si are displayed in the exhibition. Photo by Wu Guanbiao

The relics unearthed from the archaeological excavation of the Shibosi include architectural components, ceramics, and some copper coins. Fu Enfeng said that archaeological excavations revealed the foundations of the Song and Yuan dynasties such as brick floors and stone walls, stone piers, stone structures, and cobblestone paving, and a large number of architectural components such as ridge beasts, flower-patterned tiles, text bricks, celadon and egg white were unearthed one after another. Glazed porcelain and other higher-end ceramics.

“The results of archaeological excavations made it clear that there are higher-level official buildings here, and the discovery of the text bricks of'(Juzhaoshiboting Pukoukou’) further supports the building complex. It is the site of the Ship Division of Quanzhou City.” Fu Enfeng said.

According to the records of the exhibited “Zhufanzhi” and “Daoyi Zhilue” and other historical records, in the 140 years since the establishment of the Shibosi Division, the number of overseas countries and regions that have established ties with Quanzhou has increased from 32 Increased to 99.

With the successful application of Quanzhou, the Nanwai Zongzhengsi Site and the Shibosi Site have attracted the attention of many tourists. In the future, it will be built into a heritage park to showcase the thousand-year-old elegance of Nanwai Zongzhengsi, allowing visitors to experience the “royal code” that promotes the rapid rise and prosperity of Quanzhou Port. (End)