Research: in order to consolidate power, Mayan rulers put personal marks on memorial buildings

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Research: in order to consolidate power, Mayan rulers put personal marks on memorial buildings < / P > < p > in order to consolidate their power, the rulers of the entire Mayan lowlands will change these buildings, install their signs on the landscape and reshape people’s memory</ p> < p > Ryan h. Collins, a postdoctoral fellow in anthropology at the neucombe Institute of Computational Sciences at Dartmouth University, said: “Just as today’s political leaders often sought to brand themselves, so did the early Mayan rulers. Mayan rulers seemed to have real anger at the past world and thought it might interfere with their authority, so they would try to adjust it or even completely erase it. These rulers regarded themselves as the embodiment of the Mayan sun God and wanted to play in the city Because of their personal brand, the monuments and the way people experience the city have been modified to reflect the wishes of the rulers in their lives. ”

Research: in order to consolidate power, Mayan rulers put personal marks on memorial buildings(1) < / P > < p > Collins studied the data of yaxun á, the Mayan site in central Yucatan, Mexico, and other pyramid squares or temples called group E in the Mayan lowland, including San Bartolo, Tikal, sevar in Guatemala and cahalpec in Belize. These data reflect the observation In Group E, each memorial complex is built along the east-west axis, which is characterized by a pyramid in the West and a long platform in the East. Previous studies have found that the astronomical arrangement of the Maya complex is likely to refer to the annual changes of the sun god, the corn God and the agricultural season. < / P > < p > according to the archaeology of yaxun á and other sites According to the data, Collins found that by 400 BC, many Mayan buildings in Group E were either built on existing temples, demolished or completely abandoned. In many cases, new buildings will be built on everything before, and five, six or even seven pyramids may be preserved in the latest buildings. < / P > < P > < img SRC = ‘ https://static.cnbetacdn.co M / article / 2021 / 09 / 913c471633ca916. JPG ‘/ > < / P > < p > Collins said: “over time, these temples have become more about rulers than about rituals and religions that once brought communities together.” In yaxun á, only in the original urban center, there were 11 stages of architecture from 900 BC to 100 BC. < / P > < p > although the new ruins of group E were built on the basis of the old ruins, some aspects have been preserved over time. For example, the original Eastern structure of yaxun á (str. 5e-6) There is a round stone foundation on the eighth floor, which was preserved and emphasized by later generations through the circular scribed lines on the sixth floor. Precious items were also found on the seventh and fourth floors, including a polished magnetite fragment and a ceramic dish with green beads. These items may have been obtained through long-distance trade. Collins pointed out: “The Mayans will go back to mark socially meaningful spaces after generations rather than centuries, which shows how people really emphasize the continuity of memory and what they think is important. < / P > < p > however, other areas of the yaxun á site and other group E sites contain evidence of termination rituals. These rituals are used to destroy energy or souls related to buildings, Especially when it is sacred, such as scattering burned incense ashes in an area. In the eastern structure of yaxun á, ashes were found near a millstone, which provides evidence that the space previously used for rituals was later used to prepare food. < / P > < p > Collins said: “In archaeology, there has always been a hypothesis that Mayan kingship represents continuity with the past, but as Mayan rulers have changed people’s experience of their settlements, these rulers are actually breaking the architectural tradition of Central America and redefining Mayan cities. The first millennium of Mayan culture in Group E marks not only new monuments, but also large-scale public monuments During the development period of civil architecture, areas began to appear because large-scale roads were built. These changes may also promote the transformation of Maya civilization from an egalitarian society to a more hierarchical structure. “