2021-09-14

Startup company hopes to use gene editing technology to create mammoth hybrids by 2027

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Colossal company stated that its goal is to successfully restore mammoths and turn them into the North Pole Hybrid populations in the region. It is estimated to have the first population in the next four to six years. Colossal hopes that its work can arouse people’s attention to biodiversity issues and ultimately help solve these problems. So far, Colossal has raised $15 million. The startup’s 19 employees work at its Dallas headquarters and offices in Boston and Austin, Texas, and it is using its funds to hire more employees.

Startup company hopes to use gene editing technology to create mammoth hybrids by 2027

Colossal also hopes to develop artificial uterus to cultivate Mammoth embryo. The use of surrogate mother elephants to breed 10 mammoths is not enough to achieve the large-scale population envisioned by the company. The foundation of Colossal’s work is CRISPR. This technology is adapted from the method used by bacteria to identify aggressive viruses and chop their DNA. It is now the mainstream technology of genetic engineering.

Colossal’s more direct profit option is to sell tickets to tourists. After all, humans have spent a lot of money to see charming giant animals such as lions, elephants and giraffes in African safari parks. Seeing a creature that has disappeared for ten thousand years can increase people’s excitement. But this is not Colossal’s game plan. Colossal stated that its focus is on species protection and biodiversity protection, rather than putting them in the zoo. By recreating the mammoth, Colossal can protect the genetic genes of the now endangered Asian elephant.

Although Colossal does not plan to build a tourist destination, it does have a mammoth rewilding base that sounds very close to Jurassic Park-Pleistocene Park, which is located in Russia Researchers Sergei and Nikita Zimov are trying to test their theories about the effects of wild ecology and climate on an area of ​​about 60 square miles in the north, named after the geological period that ended the last ice age.

One of Nikita Zimov’s thoughts was that the mammoth would trample on snow and knock down trees. In turn, this will restore the grasslands, reflect more sun rays, and eliminate snow, which means that the ground will remain frozen instead of releasing its current storage of carbon dioxide and methane greenhouse gases. Scientists calculate that by 2300, about 260 to 300 billion metric tons of carbon may be released from thawed permafrost, exacerbating extreme weather and other problems caused by climate change.