2021-09-08

Use your body to fight against Hollywood martial arts, never say no

By yqqlm yqqlm

The documentary “Dragon and Tiger Warrior” was released, and the Beijing News interviewed Xiong Xinxin and other military masters to reveal the behind-the-scenes hardship of shooting action films.

Use your body to fight against the martial arts in the old port of Hollywood, never say no

Use your body to fight against Hollywood martial arts, never say no

In “Plan A”, Jackie Chan was very stressed when shooting the clock tower shot Big.

Use your body to fight against Hollywood martial arts, never say no(1)

“Huang Feihong: Ambition Rising Clouds” Zhongzhu Jet Li in the ladder battle.

Use your body to fight against Hollywood martial arts, never say no(2)

The action director Yuan Heping designed for The Matrix There are a lot of action scenes of Diaoweiya.

Use your body to fight against Hollywood martial arts, never say no(3)

In “Plan A” Jackie Chan shoots the clock tower The risk factor of panoramic lenses is very high.

Use your body to fight against Hollywood martial arts, never say no(4)

Jet Li in “Huang Feihong: Rising Clouds” Some shots of the Battle of Bamboo Stairs used doubles.

Use your body to fight against Hollywood martial arts, never say no(5)

Flying from the car in “Police Story” The three who came out were really thrown.

The documentary “Dragon and Tiger Warrior” directed by Junzi Wei was released on August 28, revealing the full story of Hong Kong’s Dragon and Tiger Warrior for more than sixty years. It has gathered Sammo Hung, Yuan Heping, and Cheng Xiaodong. Famous filmmakers such as, Yuanhua, Donnie Yen, Tsui Hark, Liu Weiqiang, Wu Siyuan, but the protagonist of the movie is not them, but the group behind the Kung Fu movie that is easily overlooked by the audience-Dragon and Tiger Warrior. The Beijing News reporter interviewed director Wei Junzi and Xiong Xinxin, Gu Xuanzhao, and Mars who were born in Wuxing, and asked them to tell the precious experience behind the shooting of action movies, and also look forward to the future development of the martial arts industry.

The name “Dragon and Tiger Warrior” comes from the Cantonese opera class. It is the name of the Cantonese opera class for artists who perform various difficult movements such as turning somersaults and waving the flag and shouting. Later this group of people entered the film industry, and this name is still used In the end, it is a special kind of work created by Hong Kong movies. They can do stand-ins, stunts, dragon sets, etc., and they are responsible for the most thrilling and life-threatening work in action movies. In Wei Junzi’s words, if Jackie Chan, Sammo Hung, Donnie Yen and other kung fu stars support the skeleton of Hong Kong action movies, then the dragon and tiger martial artists who silently pay behind them constitute the texture and flesh and blood of Hong Kong action movies. In the 1980s, when Hollywood special effects blockbusters robbed the world of culture, a group of dragon and tiger warriors in Hong Kong used the “indigenous steelmaking” to fight for their lives and created the glorious era of Hong Kong action movies. This made China Action movies have a place in the world of cinema.

1 The martial arts is a test product. If the mouse is not injured, “make another one”

In 1991, Tsui Hark’s “Huang Feihong: Rising Clouds” opened the martial arts movie. The new situation gave the “Huang Feihong” series a new life, especially the “Bamboo Ladder Battle” between Jet Li and the official at the end, which attracted countless movie fans. Jet Li’s movements are chic and elegant, as if dancing among bamboo ladders. However, many viewers did not know that the heroes behind this action scene were actually Xiong Xinxin, Gu Xuanzhao and Ling Zhihua (died in 2019).

Before the scene at the end of the filming, the lead actor Jet Li accidentally injured his foot and broke his bones. If the crew shuts down, there will be a large loss. Tsui Hark said, the play can’t be stopped, so let’s shoot with a double. As a result, the above three stuntmen took turns to complete this classic duel. During the interview, Xiong Xinxin recalled that he was acting as a stand-in for Jet Li and Ren Shiguan at the same time, “changing clothes on both sides, after filming Jet Li, I changed clothes to shoot Ren Shiguan on the opposite side. It took 36 days to shoot a scene.” Finally, Jet Li returned to the set to make some moves and make up some shots.

The dragon and tiger warrior in Hong Kong movies is responsible for the work of standing in for the protagonist in the movie and completing thrilling actions. Gu Xuanzhao, who was born as a dragon and tiger martial artist and now acts as an action instructor, even said: “Martial arts means being beaten and thrown.”

In order to reduce the risk of action stars in filming, general dangerous actions are used. Let the dragon and tiger martial artist try it first, if there is no injury, then this action can be done. But trying is inherently dangerous. Zeng Zhiwei said in a previous interview that a martial artist is a test product, a guinea pig.

According to Mars, who was a martial artist, the scene where Jackie Chan jumped the clock tower in the film “Plan A” was filmed. Some stand-ins were found outside. After the first stand-in jumped from above, Jackie Chan felt that his movements were not very good and he needed to jump again. Taking advantage of the time to re-set the scene, the stand-in went back to the dressing room to rest. 30 minutes later, the staff called him, but he couldn’t jump anymore. He cried out for back pain. Later, he was sent to the hospital for an X-ray, and two tail vertebrae were broken. .

The failure of the previous test jump caused great pressure to the people behind. Jackie Chan held the clock tower pointer tightly and had been turned on for several days, but he did not dare to jump down. Finally, he had to call his senior brother Sammo Hung to cheer for himself, and was finally “cursed” by Sammo Hung. Jackie Chan also wanted a panoramic view from the top of the building to the underground, so he made Mars jump once. Mars bit the bullet and finished it very quickly.

I used to have a trouble shooting action scenes. The director didn’t have a monitor and couldn’t see the footage in the lens. It would take a week to see the samples. It may have been demolished. To be on the safe side, five or six shots are required for each scene. At that time, the work intensity of the Dragon and Tiger Warrior was very high. It was announced that the filming time of action scenes would be longer from 9 am to 6 pm. Sometimes, if there is no strength, the director will be injured. Say, it’s almost, let’s have another one,” Mars recalled.

2 Use good strength to continuously challenge difficult moves “every department respects martial arts”

In 1985, when Liu Jialiang directed the film “North and South Shaolin” in Beijing, starring Jet Li was injured, martial arts Xiong Xinxin, who was born as an athlete, has the opportunity to stand in for him. Jumping and beating, these movements are too simple for Xiong Xinxin, “it’s not hard at all, it’s much easier than training”, in which he played a disciple of South Shaolin. Liu Jialiang felt that Xiong Xinxin had good skills and worked hard, so he brought him to Hong Kong for development.

On the first day in Hong Kong, as soon as he got off the train, Xiong Xinxin was drawn to the set. Liu Jialiang was filming “The Tiger Comes Out” (1988) starring Chow Yun-fat. There was an action in the film that needed a stand-in to lie down. On the roof of one car, he will chase another car. He has to jump from the roof to the platform built by the container, and then jump from the platform to the other car. Liu Jialiang asked Xiong Xinxin if he could complete it. Xiong Xinxin was a little confused. Not to mention such a difficult movement, he hadn’t even been in a car for several times. “I’m really scared, but it’s hard to get off the ground. I said no good on the first day. I didn’t have the face. I bit my head and said, “I can.” Xiong Xinxin tried several times. Although he was scared, he finished it smoothly.

After more than a month of shooting, Xiong Xinxin slowly mastered the skills of making fashion films. The more he did, the more confident he became. However, injuries are inevitable, such as sprained ankles, torn muscles, and broken bones. Have encountered.

Xiong Xinxin came to Hong Kong to develop, and he signed a contract with New Art City Company. The salary is based on monthly salary. Sometimes after not starting work or after filming, other martial arts will take him to other studios to make extra money. Because Hong Kong is not a big place, martial arts scenes are also convenient. It didn’t take long for the circle to pass, and a Xiong Xinxin came from the mainland. He was a great stand-in. He could jump, turn, and fall. Xiong Xinxin acted as a stand-in for different people in different movies. For the most night, he was a stand-in for 7 people.

Xiong Xinxin caught up with the most glorious era of Hong Kong action movies.

At that time, in martial arts, drinking tea, eating and chatting, they were discussing who acted as a way to motivate themselves. “When Wu Xing is chatting on the set, you can’t be someone else’s talker. You have no status.” Every time Xiong Xinxin shoots on the set, she tries to express herself as much as possible. In many cases, she is rushing to do it.

The martial arts circle in Hong Kong is very small. If there are any difficult movements that come out, it will be spread the next day. Everyone will know who did what. Xiong Xinxin said: “Men always have a strong spirit. Sometimes the action guide feels that it may be dangerous. We usually say no to spread a tatami. Everyone thinks about the difficulty, expresses themselves, and seeks a sense of satisfaction.” Zeng Dong Wei, who is a dragon and tiger martial artist and now an action instructor, believes that when the dragon and tiger martial artist worked so hard, sometimes it was just to satisfy a self-abusing vanity.

Xiong Xinxin is actually enjoying the atmosphere of the studio. At the time when the action movie was filmed, it was not like now when the actors walked away and hid away. Those Hong Kong stars, including Chow Yun-fat, would be on the scene, watching the stand-in filming, so that they would know how to pick up the close-up. For example, a stuntman fell from the second floor and struggled on the ground with pain. When the director was satisfied, he called CUT, and the action director asked, “Is there anything wrong?” When the double stood up slowly and said it was okay, the audience clapped and applauded. Xiong Xinxin enjoys this sense of accomplishment. “When some good stunts are in filming, the actors from the next group will come to watch. All departments respect martial arts.” Xiong Xinxin said.

3 The four major teams push action movies to the top “Never say no”

The dragon and tiger fighters in Hong Kong action movies mostly come from the four major drama schools: founded by Yu Zhanyuan The “Chinese Theatre Academy” founded by Fen Juhua, the “Chinese Drama School” of Master Ma Chengzhi, and the “Oriental Drama School” of Master Tang Di. After graduation in the 1970s, most of these children who studied opera entered the film industry and began to do martial arts. Children from Peking opera classes were able to master difficult skills such as jumping, spinning, and somersaults, and they were particularly popular in martial arts. Yuan Hua, who once served as a stand-in for Bruce Lee, is known as the “King Dou Wang”, and somersaults are a must. Bruce Lee admires and respects him very much.

These dragons and tigers warriors were on the set, and they didn’t have too difficult moves at first. “Those martial arts instructors didn’t give us positions. I was afraid that we could not do well. We were too young. After killing those actors, they slept over there to be dead.” Mars recalled the scene when he first entered the martial arts.

Until the 1980s, the four major action teams represented by Liu Jialiang, Yuan Heping, Sammo Hung, and Jackie Chan began to “fight” and entered unprecedented levels in history. Hong Kong’s action movies have been pushed to a peak in the competition. Mars said that at that time everyone was fighting very hard and liked to compare with each other. “If there are a lot of difficult movements in a scene, we will improve the movements when we go back and do a more difficult movement.”

When filming “Young Master Long” (1982), Jackie Chan fell from the second floor. Mars had to run to and pad under Jackie Chan as a “human-shaped pad”. This action was taken 15 times. Mars’ waist was crushed and he lay down for two months; Yuan Wu, who was a “Hongjiaban” death squad, fell from three floors with his back to the hard ground in one film. , Without any protective measures, it is simply self-harm… There is a saying in martial arts called “Never say no”, they never say no in front of the director.

Before Gu Xuanzhao joined the Yuan family class, he had no fixed team and could only take part in casual work. He was very afraid that Sammo Hung and Jackie Chan would look for the Dragon and Tiger Warrior. “I’m very worried. If you think about whether you will go tomorrow or not. But you have to work hard and get your kung fu well before people come to you. Every day you sleep, who will find you? you”. In Gu Xuanzhao’s view, the level of martial arts in Hong Kong was the highest that year, precisely because of this healthy competition.

4 How to fight the Hollywood special effects “turn on, take off, start shooting, stop, and send to the hospital”

In the movie “The Resurrection of the Invincible East” (1993), the East is invincible After showing off the stunt of catching bullets with his bare hands on the foreign guns, he uttered a line: “You have science, I have magic skills.”

This line is exactly the Hong Kong action movie confrontation at that time. A true portrayal of Hollywood special effects blockbusters.

In the 1980s, film special effects technology developed rapidly. Hollywood special effects blockbusters “Star Wars” series and “Terminator” series began to plunder global culture. Hong Kong’s film special effects level is lagging behind. What can you do with others? beat? We can only “steel making with indigenous methods” and fight our lives.

Why are you desperate? Director Wei Junzi said that at that time a group of dragon and tiger martial artists in Hong Kong were also exploring how to make action movies. Just like Jackie Chan’s “Police Story”, a high-speed bus suddenly stopped and three people flew out of the car window. , If you use the current technology, you will definitely not shoot like this, and you will definitely take a safer way. But at that time everyone was in the exploratory stage, and could only use the most stupid way to smash people off abruptly, and the effect was indeed better than that of editing.

Jackie Chan was very excited when he met the great director Spielberg for the first time and asked him how the people and dinosaurs jumping around in “Jurassic Park” were filmed? Spielberg said, it’s very simple, just two taps on the computer. Spielberg asked Jackie Chan again, how did you jump from this building to that building in “Red Fan District”, Jackie Chan replied more simply: “Turn on, take off, start shooting, stop, and send to the hospital.”

As a “Hong Kong film Bai Xiaosheng”, when interviewing some dragon and tiger martial artists for the documentary, Wei Junzi heard something that made him feel particularly magical-Jianweiya (English Wires “Rope, Line The transliteration of “, in the action design of an action movie, it means hoisting a steel wire or cable). This was a thrilling action that took place in the “Hongjiaban”. At that time, the martial arts fighters were most afraid of the “Hongjiaban” cutting Wia. For example, in the movie “Ghost Fighting Ghosts” (1980), there is a scene in which the Taoist priest played by Chen Long was kicked into the air, hit the beam of the roof, and then fell off. The actions designed by Sammo Hung were extremely cruel. From the moment Chen Long was kicked to the roof, there was Via, but when he fell down, a dedicated person was responsible for cutting the Via to pursue the real effect of the fall. .

There are two difficulties in this operation. One is that the people who cut the Wia are very scared, and the sense of scale must be accurate enough. You have to remake the cut early or late, and the person will fall in vain. The second is that the people who hang Weiya are also nervous, because Sammo Hung has higher requirements for martial arts. When falling from a high altitude, his body should not be tight, can not exert force, and should fall naturally and relaxedly.

The golden age of action movies in Hong Kong was created by these dragons and tigers. This is why Hong Kong action filmmakers entered Hollywood, Wu Yusen filmed “Face Changing”, Tang Jili and Jackie Chan filmed “Red Fan District” (1995), and Yuan Heping filmed “The Matrix” (1999) as an action director. “Kill Bill” (2003), Xiong Xinxin became the action director of “Counter Strike King”, “Three Musketeers” and other films…Wei Junzi said that nowadays Hollywood movies are gradually learning the filming methods of Hong Kong action movies, and the Black Widow first turns around as soon as he comes out. In “Kung Fu Panda”, some of the action designs of Abao’s exercises are a mixture of “Drunken Fist” and “Snake Shaped Hand”. The actions designed by Hong Kong Dragon and Tiger Warriors have been learned and absorbed by the world, and the action movies are all the same in the world. .

B04-B07 edition written by Teng Chao, reporter of Beijing News