“Cat dog war”: which animal has higher intelligence?

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“Cat dog war”: which animal has higher intelligence?

in the simplest form, cats are smarter in tasks to be completed, and dogs are better in actively completing tasks. It makes no sense to talk about the “relative intelligence” of species

facts have proved that, The answer is not as simple as pet lovers think. Alexandra Horowitz, a senior researcher specializing in dog cognition at Barnard College in New York, said that researchers engaged in the study of dog cognition do not study “intelligence”. We see different aspects of cognition

she began to question the human habit of comparing the intelligence of different species. She said: “in the simplest form, cats are smarter in tasks to be completed, and dogs are better in actively completing tasks. I don’t think it’s meaningful to talk about the’relative intelligence’ of species.”

Brian hale, Professor of Evolutionary Anthropology at Duke University, agrees with this view, He said that distinguishing whether a dog is smarter than a cat is like asking whether a hammer is a better tool than a screwdriver, which depends entirely on its purpose. But this is not to say that animal behavior researchers cannot measure the intellectual differences between dogs and cats, or, more accurately, beyond the cognitive abilities needed to sustain life

Christine Vitale, assistant professor of animal health and behavior at the United College of Maine, said that animal intelligence is usually divided into three main areas: problem-solving ability, concept formation (the ability to form general concepts from specific experience) and group ability

Vitale mainly studies cats. At present, she focuses on cats’ group ability to produce thinking activities. She points out that cats are usually considered indifferent and uninterested in humans. In fact, they show high group social IQ, which is similar to that of dogs

for example, research shows that cats can distinguish between their names and words with similar pronunciation, and they prefer to interact with people rather than food, toys and smell. Human attention will have a certain impact on cats. A research report published in the Journal of behavioral process in 2019 shows that when people pay attention to the activities of a cat, the cat’s response is to spend more time with him

in a study that directly compared cats and dogs, researchers found that there was little difference in the ability of cats and dogs to use clues indicated by humans to find hidden food. However, the researchers pointed out that compared with dogs, cats lack some attention attracting behaviors. Usually pet owners see dogs wagging their tails and begging in front of the feeding basin, while cats don’t

in addition, it is believed that there are brain volume differences between cats and dogs. A common view is that the size of the brain determines the relative intelligence. If this is always correct, dogs seem to dominate. Hale said that he and Evan McLean, an anthropologist at the University of Arizona, recruited more than 50 researchers around the world and applied a test method they developed to 550 kinds of animals, including birds, apes, monkeys, dogs, lemurs and elephants

they did this to test the cognitive characteristics of animals, that is, self-control, or what researchers call “inhibitory control” across species. A paper published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in 2014 reported their test results, testing the ability of 3-5-year-old animals to delay eating marshmallow

Hale said that this cross species study shows that the larger the animal’s brain, the stronger the self-control they show in the animal marshmallow experiment. Self control is one of the signs of advanced cognitive function. But there is a problem with this study. The test subjects do not include cats, so although we can infer their performance based on their brain size, we actually don’t know the real ability of cats

Vitale said that another thing to remember when making such intelligence evaluation points is that people may treat dogs and cats differently, which is related to human subjective consciousness. For example, dogs are usually very sociable. They play with children, ride in their owner’s car, and walk with their owner in the park. In contrast, cat owners rarely give them such interaction and training opportunities

so which animal is more intelligent in the end? The conclusion may depend on your special ability to appreciate pets, especially their social ability to become a pleasant partner