2021-10-16

Costa Rican diplomat in China: environmental protection and development are not incompatible

By yqqlm yqqlm

Costa Rican diplomat in China: environmental protection and development are not incompatible

ximena Hahn, charg é d’affaires ad interim of the Costa Rican Embassy in China. Kunming, October 15 (reporter Zhao Jian) Costa Rica is located in Central America, with a variety of vegetation and magical species, known as the “American garden”. On the occasion of the 15th Conference of the parties to the United Nations Convention on biological diversity (COP15) held in Kunming, the reporter of people’s network interviewed ximena Hahn, charg é d’affaires A.I. of the Costa Rican Embassy in China, and asked her to share Costa Rica’s experience in biodiversity conservation

“it is hoped that the COP15 conference held in Kunming will become a turning point in the world and an important moment when countries recognize the need to take urgent action to prevent the loss of biodiversity,” Hahn said

Hahn said that he expected the COP15 conference to adopt a grand and practical “post-2020 global biodiversity framework”, which will be a real tool for parties to achieve the objectives of the Convention on biological diversity

in the 1940s, about three-quarters of Costa Rica was covered with forests. However, in the 1980s, about half of the forests disappeared due to large-scale deforestation. Aware of the importance of environmental issues, Costa Rica has changed its development model. Through years of efforts, nearly 60% of its land is now covered by forests

Hahn said that the environmental service compensation mechanism is a mechanism implemented by Costa Rica more than 20 years ago, which gives economic recognition to the environmental services provided by forests. This will not only promote farmers’ poverty alleviation and resource redistribution, but also help to improve the ecological and social value of forests

she also mentioned that in the process of protecting and restoring forest resources, Costa Rica has established ecological reserves, which have now become tourist attractions, making ecotourism one of Costa Rica’s pillar industries

Costa Rica has always regarded the protection of nature as part of its development model. A study by the International Center for sustainable economic policy of the National University of Costa Rica shows that during 2018 alone, the country’s ecological reserves contributed about US $190 million, accounting for 3.23% of GDP

Hahn believes that, like Costa Rica, China has also shown through various practices in recent years that man and nature can coexist harmoniously. She said that China’s proposal to achieve carbon peak by 2030 and carbon neutralization by 2060 is one of the most influential goals, which shows China’s commitment to the construction of ecological civilization

Hahn hopes that more countries, like China, will play a leading role in global biodiversity conservation. “We must realize that we are a community of common destiny,” Hahn said. “Protecting the environment is not contrary to development.”