2021-10-25

East West Q. China view – Yang guangbin: why do you say that the modernization of national governance is not equal to Westernization?

By yqqlm yqqlm

(East West question · China view) Yang guangbin: why do you say that the modernization of national governance is not equal to Westernization

China News Agency, Beijing, October 25, Title: Yang guangbin: why do you say that the modernization of national governance is not equal to Westernization

East West Q. China view – Yang guangbin: why do you say that the modernization of national governance is not equal to Westernization?

took the lead in controlling the spread of the disease, which effectively changed the risk of virus transmission and protected people’s life and health. Through the epidemic situation, many people have paid attention to the comparative advantages of China’s national governance

how does epidemic prevention and control reflect the characteristics of China’s national governance? What is the difference between Chinese and Western understanding of national governance? Why is modernization of state governance not equal to Westernization

Professor Yang guangbin, Dean of the school of international relations of Renmin University of China, recently received an exclusive interview with China News Agency “dongxiwen” to make an authoritative interpretation of relevant issues

East West Q. China view – Yang guangbin: why do you say that the modernization of national governance is not equal to Westernization?(1)

epidemic. How can we see the advantages of China’s national governance from this outbreak? <

News Agency: P>

Yang Guangbin novel coronavirus pneumonia prevention not occur even in a hundred years. Different countries face the same governance crisis in the same period and take different countermeasures, which deeply and vividly reflects the differences of different systems and the advantages and disadvantages of different systems on specific major issues, and directly through their respective governance concepts and theories

in this war, the advantages of China’s national governance theory in the form of policy have been brought into full play, so that the spread of the epidemic can be quickly curbed. For people’s life and health, we can do anything at all costs; The “national system” realizes the cooperative governance between the state and society, which shows that the system has strong governance ability; The deep structure of the national system and national governance capacity is the organizational principle of democratic centralism. Democratic centralism ensures the coordination and integration of the system and has become an important guarantee for China’s national governance capacity

the Communist Party of China has combined Marxist theory with Chinese traditional social governance, formed a social governance pattern of Party committee leadership, government leadership, social participation and residents’ autonomy, and built a social good governance situation with the same interests of the state and the people and win-win cooperation between the state and society

the governance and mobilization of the Communist Party of China is to follow the mass line, which unblocks the channels for the people to express their interest demands, expands the people’s political participation and cultivates the people’s sense of social responsibility. At the same time, the main body of governance is pluralistic and unified, rather than polycentric and decentralized

one of the key points of the modernization of national governance that contemporary China should strive to achieve is that the modernization of national governance is the modernization of the national governance system led by the state or the government. History shows that the interests of the people will not be realized automatically, but can only be represented and made efforts by the state or government. This is a key issue of who dominates the national governance system

East West Q. China view – Yang guangbin: why do you say that the modernization of national governance is not equal to Westernization?(2)

China News Agency reporter: where is the “Chineseness” of China’s national governance reflected? How to find the civilization gene of today’s Chinese political system in the long history

Yang guangbin: in the dialogue with the strong discourse of western governance theory, the Chinese people have gradually established a “Chinese” governance theory, that is, the national governance theory. The difference between “national governance” and “governance theory” lies in the role of “state”. The Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee formally put forward the proposition of “modernization of national governance system and governance capacity”, which was warmly echoed by all walks of life

after the proposition was put forward, national governance was clearly distinguished from western governance theory. In essence, the state governance of socialist countries is not only the organic combination of “governance” of political rule and “reason” of political management, but also the organic combination of “governance” and “reason” of political management. In the discourse system of Marxist state theory, “governance” is the organic combination of political rule and political management in socialist countries

in this regard, we also need to pay attention to avoid two cognitive deviations: one is to simply apply the western concept of “governance” to explain the goal of China’s comprehensive deepening reform; the other is to simply believe that the concept of “governance” is only the patent of Western Contemporary Political Theory and management theory

in fact, China’s current governance system is active and traceable in the long history of 5000 years of civilization. The Chinese people are born with “governance doctrine”. In the 8th century BC, China had a political economy dedicated to national governance. There are a large number of Twenty-Four Histories. Most of the content is national governance. There are not only records of governance practice, but also rich governance ideas

in view of the incredible “continuity” of Chinese history, the thought that has worked in China for more than 2000 years, that is, the people-oriented thought of Confucianism, should still be the core of Chinese political thought even today. Now the Chinese emphasize “people first”

it is precisely because the gene of Chinese civilization contains incomparably rich and tested ideas of governing the country and politics, such as “great unification”, “official world”, “Datong world”, “well-off world”, “emphasizing agriculture and restraining business”, “managing politics with talents” and “people-oriented”, that this civilized community can go through hardships and “renew its life”. This is an experience that many western theorists cannot understand. The “traditional modern” dichotomy can not deal with Chinese history at all

East West Q. China view – Yang guangbin: why do you say that the modernization of national governance is not equal to Westernization?(3)

China News Agency reporter: what is the difference between Chinese and Western understanding of national governance? Why is the modernization of state governance by no means equal to Westernization

Yang guangbin: Although Aristotle once proposed that the purpose of the city-state was “the highest good”, the western modern countries came very late, which was the result of the “great changes” in 2000. China was already a unified feudal country in the Zhou Dynasty, and there was the saying that “the people are the foundation of the state” in this period

the focus of Chinese sages is “governance”. In contrast, there is almost no thought on Governance in Greece and Rome. The highest economic thought is Aristotle’s observation on division of labor. Western economic thought has been declining since Aristotle until the 17th century. As for political economics in Europe, that is, classical political economics, it is 2000 years later than China

after the Second World War, especially after the cold war, the West began to implement a system that it had never practiced to non western countries: strong election democracy, namely party struggle democracy, in a society with backward economy and no tradition of rule of law

“party struggle for democracy” can govern? It must be noted that “party struggle for democracy” can distribute power and cake, but whether it can govern is another matter. History and reality have shown that since the Second World War, no emerging developing country has developed because of the implementation of Party democracy

western countries developed not because of “party struggle for democracy”, but because they developed early. In the final analysis, the so-called “universal value” discourse in the west is promoted with its strong material civilization. The thought of no country that is materially and economically weak will become the thought of the world

political party system, parliamentary system, electoral system… These formal political systems are easy to imitate. Some countries even transplant them directly, but they still can’t get effective governance. Huntington used a word called “Puli seizes society”, that is, building the party for private, ruling for himself, and competing to seize public resources. This is a very common phenomenon in developing countries

when Westerners talk about governance, it must be social centrism, individualism and polycentrism. They emphasize the role of NGOs and various associations, rather than the role of the state. Therefore, western political theory emphasizes de nationalization and de government in politics, economy and society

for the majority of countries in the world, the modernization of national governance is by no means equal to Westernization. The biggest challenge facing developing countries is how to organize countries. For this, the western governance theory is not only not applicable, but even sprinkle salt on the wound

practice shows that the transplanted “flying peak” political system will lead to ineffective governance and even national failure due to acclimatization; The local political system has the support of national spirit and the nourishment of cultural tradition, so it has strong vitality and helps to avoid subversive mistakes by a big country

East West Q. China view – Yang guangbin: why do you say that the modernization of national governance is not equal to Westernization?(4)

China News Agency reporter: how should we explain the “China Road”? What should be done to improve China’s national governance in the future

Yang guangbin: the Chinese road can be explained at many levels, but I think one of the important logic is to use the people-oriented thought to contain and absorb the achievements of the world’s excellent civilization. Since ancient times, China has been a nationalism expressed by people-oriented doctrine, which is an advantage of our own civilization gene. It contains the principle of histology, which is called the principle of histology of external Confucianism and internal law. It talks about how to organize the country

after the state is organized, it is the way of governing the country based on people-oriented principle, which is top-down nationalism. That is to say, Chinese people say that governance must be national governance. They just talked about the “national governance system dominated by the state or government”. Of course, this does not exclude social governance, such as NGO autonomy and villagers’ autonomy

from the past to the present, a very important legacy of Chinese politics is consultative politics. Different from the voting mechanism in the west, China attaches more importance to deliberative democracy and has constructed a variety of consultation channels, highlighting the true meaning of people’s democracy that is easy to discuss and work together

on the other hand, China will not stay out of world politics. Long before the founding of new China, Chinese intellectuals began to learn from the west, intending to transform China according to the Western model, and finally Marxism won. Since the reform and opening up, China has developed its own school in the foundation consolidation and innovation. The “China model” and “China Road” have attracted the attention and research of the world

the Chinese people often say that “adhering to the organic unity of the party’s leadership, the people being the masters of the country and governing the country according to law” not only reflects the dynamic balance of authority, democracy and the rule of law, but also directly reflects the strong national governance ability, and its comparative advantage has been proved

the modernization of national governance is not “Westernization” by rote. Therefore, China’s economic and social development has been obvious to all in the process of moving towards a socialist modern country, but its theoretical development still needs to overcome a huge challenge. To further highlight China’s institutional advantages, the political theories and institutional arrangements related to authority, democracy and the rule of law need to be enriched in political theory and further improved in practice. (end)

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