2021-10-13

For five percent of children: how do disabled children receive nine-year compulsory education?

By yqqlm yqqlm

Zhou Hao spent six years in kindergarten. From the age of 3 to 8, he studied in large class three times

the child with grade I visual disability did not experience primary school life. When he was in a large class for the second time, his mother found a special education school for blind children. The school is located in Nanshan District, Chongqing, and Zhou Hao’s family is located in Qijiang District, more than 80 kilometers apart

Zhou Hao does not have the self-care ability to live in school independently. He needs parents to rent a house around the school and accompany him for a long time. His family all have their own jobs in Qijiang, so they can’t smoke their origins. There is a newborn brother at home. Renting a house and accompanying students will also produce additional economic pressure. After five days at school, Zhou Hao returned to the kindergarten

in the eyes of the family, kindergarten may be the only place where Zhou Hao can be accepted. Until May this year. Zhou Hao’s mother received a phone call from Qijiang District People’s Procuratorate. The staff at the other end of the phone asked Zhou Hao whether he had received compulsory education

during that time, more than 200 guardians of disabled children aged 6 to 16 in Qijiang District of Chongqing received such calls one after another. Among the calls made, the situation that these children did not receive compulsory education gradually emerged. Some disabled children who have reached the age of compulsory education in the district are not enrolled in school; There are also some children who have applied for suspension or suspension of school. In addition, for disabled children who cannot go to school, the school fails to provide door-to-door or distance education as required. These problems were finally summarized into a procuratorial proposal, which was sent to Qijiang District Education Committee on July 1

this is the first procuratorial suggestion for the infringement of the right to education of disabled children in Chongqing, and such suggestions are rare nationwide. According to the latest statistics of Qijiang District Education Committee, the enrollment rate of compulsory education for disabled children in the district is 95.25%. Compared with other parts of the country, this proportion is not high – the latest statistics of the disabled persons’ Federation show that the enrollment rate of compulsory education for disabled children will reach more than 95% in 2020. This means that this time, Qijiang District People’s Procuratorate is looking for less than 5% of the children

For five percent of children: how do disabled children receive nine-year compulsory education?

on the afternoon of September 16, parents of Qijiang District special education school took their children home one after another

the road to primary school is not easy for Zhou Hao. His eyes began to fester when he was born. The doctor diagnosed that he had a tumor in his eye and needed to remove his eyeball immediately for chemotherapy. He was only two months old, and the intensity of chemotherapy was unbearable. Moreover, the cost of chemotherapy needs 60000 yuan, which is not a small amount. The doctor advised parents to take their children home for conservative treatment, so as not to “lose both human and financial resources”

after returning home, Zhou Hao no longer had pus in his eyes, but cried day and night. Slowly, his eye socket on one side became empty, and his eye on the other side continued to shrink

his family didn’t expect much of him. At first, they sent the child to kindergarten, just hoping that he wouldn’t stay at home all the time. But let him sit in the classroom and learn knowledge like an ordinary child, which his family dare not expect

no community or school actively contacted them to learn about their children’s education, nor did they take the initiative to consult the surrounding primary schools about whether to recruit Zhou Hao

his special education school in Qijiang District, Chongqing — Qijiang District special education school. In June every year, the school’s enrollment brochures will be sent to the District Education Committee, which will distribute them to all streets, towns and schools in the area, and then the local staff will notify the school-age disabled children in the area

Zhou Hao and his family did not receive the enrollment notice. Qijiang District special education school also does not provide blind education. At present, the school only provides special education for deaf mute children and groups with intellectual and physical disabilities

at present, there are no Braille teaching materials needed for blind education, professional blind education teachers and Qijiang District special education school. The dean of the school said that the school does not have the hardware conditions to recruit blind students. At present, there are no barrier free passages and barrier free toilets in the school, but iron handrails are installed on the side of each aisle. In the enrollment process in previous years, no blind students came to the school to sign up, and there were few telephone consultations. The school has not recruited teachers majoring in blind education

unable to find a suitable school, Zhou Hao had to stay in the kindergarten. When he doesn’t go out, he plays with a toy that can sing and read poetry in his bedroom. The children’s songs sung in the toy can be knocked out on the keys of the toy piano

Zhou Hao’s keen and gifted music alleviated some of his family’s worries about the future. A few years ago, my family bought a piano online for 3000 yuan. Since then, Zhou Hao has become the only person in his family who knows the piano. He knows which keys to play, which can restore toys and kindergarten songs; You can also squat under the piano and grope for adjusting the sound of the piano

For five percent of children: how do disabled children receive nine-year compulsory education?(1)

Chen Zhengwei’s wheelchair was fixed in front of the wooden table

Zhou Hao’s plight was noticed by Kang Rui, an assistant prosecutor of Qijiang District People’s Procuratorate. In April this year, Kang Rui had a conversation with the person in charge of Qijiang District special education school during a public interest litigation inspection, and learned that there were only more than 100 disabled students in the school, including no blind students. Kangrui wondered that Qijiang District, with a permanent population of nearly 800000, could not have a child with visual disabilities. How could these children receive nine-year compulsory education

Kang Rui’s Public Interest Litigation Department and the juvenile procuratorial department set up a joint case handling team to obtain the list of all school-age disabled children and adolescents from the Qijiang District Disabled Persons’ Federation. It was found that there were 597 disabled minors aged 6 to 16 in the region, more than five times the number of students in special education schools. According to the information provided by the disabled persons’ Federation, they screened out a survey list of nearly 200 people and decided to focus on children with severe disabilities of grade I and II first. They guessed that it was more difficult for these children to go to school for education. Subsequently, six people spent a whole week calling the guardians of these children to verify whether they were consistent with the preliminary investigation

a 14-year-old boy with intellectual level III disability, accompanied by his grandmother for six years in primary school, has been studying in regular classes in primary schools under his jurisdiction. At the beginning of junior high school, the middle school teacher refused to enroll on the grounds of missing the registration time, and has been out of school at home

a girl with secondary physical disability cannot go to the toilet and walk independently. For three years in school, she was accompanied by her grandmother. The aging grandmother couldn’t hold the growing girl. She finally left school. When I first left the school, the teacher sent me to teach two hours a week. Later, it gradually became one and a half hours a month

Qijiang District Education Commission also said in the survey that some disabled children and adolescents did not receive compulsory education because parents felt that their children were disabled and did not need to receive education

some parents of deaf mute children stubbornly believe that their children look normal. “Special schools can’t do it. It’s strange to follow those children and learn those sign languages.” “they teach their children badly and teach them disorderly.” “they can yell with their mouth before they go. After learning, they don’t say anything, so they compare with their hands”

in a procuratorial proposal sent to Qijiang District Education Committee on July 1, Qijiang District People’s Procuratorate put forward five procuratorial suggestions on the current situation of these five percent of children whose right to education is impaired. One point is that we should increase the recruitment and training of special education teachers, especially teachers majoring in blind education. They believe that “even if no one can enjoy it immediately, it can not guarantee that the children in need will not appear again”

in the more than 200 phone calls at the beginning of the investigation, the procuratorate also found more than 10 disabled children who returned to Qijiang local hospital for rehabilitation treatment from other places. Because their school status was in other places, they did not receive education for many years. These children generally follow their working parents to go abroad in their early years and study in local schools. Unfortunately, there was an accident in the process of reading and became a disabled child. To enjoy more preferential policies, they probably only have to choose to return to the local hospital in Qijiang where registered residence is located. Some children live in the hospital for rehabilitation treatment for a long time; Some children leave school at home when they go out of the hospital

in view of this situation, the joint case handling team emphasized the need for dynamic monitoring in the procuratorial proposal. The Education Commission needs to improve a mechanism for dropping out of school information and escort, so as to master their study in time

after receiving the procuratorial proposal, Qijiang District Education Committee immediately established a rectification leading group, which counted 666 school-age disabled children and adolescents and 79 students who were not enrolled in compulsory education in the region in the 2021-2022 academic year, and resettled these children one by one in two months. At the same time, they also have a list of 48 school-age disabled children studying outside the district

after receiving a call from the Qijiang District People’s Procuratorate, Zhou Hao’s mother received calls from the Education Commission and the neighborhood office in the next few months

in September, Zhou Hao, 8 and a half years old, finally officially became a freshman at Beidu school in Qijiang district and began to receive nine-year compulsory education in regular classes

learning in regular class is to let some special children and adolescents enter ordinary classes. According to the data of 2019 national statistical bulletin on education development, there are about 794600 special education students in China, of which more than 390000 students attend regular classes

however, Qijiang District procuratorate found that it was difficult to guarantee the teaching effect in the implementation of the form of regular class. Zheng Shitao, a visually disabled teenager in grade one of Dongxi middle school, has been studying in regular classes since primary school. Completely invisible in his left eye and 8000 degree myopia in his right eye, he chose the position in the leftmost corner of the first row of the classroom. Unlike other students, Zheng Shitao doesn’t need an exam and has no homework. Sometimes he takes the initiative to “protest” to the teacher that his homework has been forgotten. More often, he just lies on his desk and does nothing

in June 2020, the Ministry of Education issued the guiding opinions on strengthening the regular learning of disabled children and adolescents in the stage of compulsory education, which proposed that after the school has accepted more than 5 disabled students to study in regular classes, a special resource classroom should be established. According to the different types of students’ disabilities, these resource classrooms can provide them with education and teaching, rehabilitation training facilities and equipment, etc. At present, in Qijiang District, which has 52 primary schools and 52 ordinary middle schools, only 9 schools have established special resource classrooms

in addition to studying in regular classes, some disabled students have to rely on teachers to send them to the door. However, many schools will also report to the education commission that in Qijiang, which covers more than 70% of the mountainous area, some students’ homes are far away, the one-way journey is more than one hour, the cost is large, and the transportation and personal safety of teachers are difficult to guarantee

Chen Zhengwei, who suffered from “muscle atrophy” since childhood, has been unable to stand on his legs since the second grade of primary school. He got into a wheelchair and left school. His mother left Qijiang after divorce from his father in his early years. His father also went out to work. He could only live in his aunt’s house in the countryside