2021-10-14

How can protection and development win? COP15 focuses on China’s “two mountains theory”

By yqqlm yqqlm

(biodiversity Conference) how can conservation and development win? COP15 focuses on China’s “two mountains theory”

China News Agency, Kunming, October 14 (reporter Chen Su) how to achieve win-win protection and development? The 15th Conference of the parties to the Convention on biological diversity (COP15), which is being held in Kunming, Yunnan, China, focuses on China’s “green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains” theory, discusses the transformation mechanism and path selection of the “two mountains theory”, and provides solutions for realizing the synergy between global biodiversity protection and social and economic development

How can protection and development win? COP15 focuses on China’s “two mountains theory”

on October 14, the ecological civilization forum of the fifteenth conference of the parties to the Convention on biological diversity opened in Kunming, Yunnan Province. China News Agency reporter Cui Nan photo

at the theme forum of the ecological civilization forum held during COP15 on the 14th, Wang Linggui, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that throughout history, the decline of many ancient human civilizations is due to the destruction of the ecological environment. Without a good ecological environment, human development is impossible. Therefore, we must pay attention to ecological civilization, Pay attention to biodiversity protection

according to the experts attending the meeting, there is no contradiction between ecological protection and socio-economic development, and the two can achieve each other

“in the past, some people may think that environmental protection will hinder economic development. However, according to our survey, more than 50% of the people think that environmental protection will bring many new economic opportunities and the prospect will be better and better. If you want to choose between environment and development, most people want green water and green mountains, and less than 4% choose to sacrifice the environment for income.” Zhang Yongsheng, director of the Institute of ecological civilization of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that in the past 10 years, 80% of the Chinese people believe that the ecological environment has improved, and the construction of ecological civilization has significantly improved the quality of China’s development and people’s well-being

in recent years, China has made many explorations in realizing the win-win situation of economic development and ecological protection, including the development of ecological agriculture, rural tourism, forest health care, national park system pilot, etc., trying to turn “green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains” into reality

ZHU Youyong, academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering and honorary president of Yunnan Agricultural University, said that agricultural biodiversity can help farmers in mountainous areas achieve the goal of poverty reduction

taking Yunyang terrace in Honghe Prefecture, Yunnan Province as an example, he pointed out that local rice varieties have been cultivated for a hundred years, but now ordinary rice varieties will be degraded and eliminated in three to five years. After research, the mystery lies in that the local has maintained a better ecological environment and better biodiversity. After long-term development, rice varieties have the characteristics of genetic diversity, which helps to produce high-quality rice and promote the income of local ethnic minorities. “Since modern times, the phenomenon of large-scale planting of single varieties has been prominent. The simplification of crop varieties has reduced the biodiversity of farmland, increased the risk of diseases and pests, intensified the use of pesticides, and posed a serious threat to food security and ecological environment. Therefore, we must strengthen the protection of agricultural biodiversity and make use of it in protection.”

Zhang Linxiu, director of the international ecosystem management partnership of the United Nations Environment Programme, also shared the case of Yunnan, China. She said that in Baoshan stone city, Lijiang City, Yunnan Province, where the hillside is steep, disasters occur frequently and the economy is relatively backward, but at the same time, biodiversity is rich. Through technical training for villagers, the local people collect traditional native varieties and connect with the market, which has achieved good economic benefits. “China has a lot of experience in’green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains’ and giving consideration to development and protection, which is inseparable from the efforts of the central and local governments.”

speaking of the transformation of “two mountains”, Su Yang, a researcher at the development research center of the State Council, said that compared with the traditional ecological industrialization, industrial ecology is a better path choice. Since ecological industrialization is mainly in remote and poor villages, the basic conditions for industrial development are insufficient. Industrial ecology is measured by ecological standards everywhere in the industry, lists the white list of industrial development, formulates relevant standards, and connects with international standards, so as to realize the win-win situation of development and ecological protection. (end)