East West Q. Wang Fan: how to rationally view the video meeting between Chinese and American leaders?

By yqqlm yqqlm

(East West question) Wang Fan: how to rationally view the video meeting between Chinese and US leaders

China News Agency, Beijing, November 17 – question: how to rationally view the video meeting between Chinese and US leaders

author Wang Fan, vice president and professor of Foreign Affairs College

91b91056b0ba40c0b5aac08fab9f1957 - East West Q. Wang Fan: how to rationally view the video meeting between Chinese and American leaders?

the video meeting held by the leaders of China and the United States on the 16th is the first meeting between the two heads of state since US President Biden took office, which is of great significance to China US relations and the trend of the international situation

<img src=’http://i2.chinanews.com.cn/simg/cmshd/2021/11/17/9b22061248a042c78a2d1b29b1b5fe07.jpgOn the morning of />

11 16, President Xi Jinping held a video forenoon with President Biden in Beijing. Photo by Yue Yuewei of Xinhua News Agency

the summit will have the effect of “seeing the sun through the clouds”

although there are many adverse factors and some discordant voices in China US relations, the side of cooperation is growing, such as the suspension of the trade war and the agreement between China and the United States to jointly deal with climate change. As Chinese State Councilor and foreign minister Wang Yi said, the two heads of state play a key role in steering China US relations. The video meeting between the two heads of state will produce the effect of “seeing the sun through the clouds” and help push China US relations back to the track of healthy and stable development

the Sino US summit is the heaviest of a series of bilateral meetings between leaders of major powers this year, which has aroused great concern of the world. In terms of time, the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee has just ended and adopted the historic “third resolution”, which makes the CPC more confident in leading the country towards the goal of building a modern socialist power in an all-round way

from a historical perspective, since the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1979, China US relations have been pragmatic, mutually beneficial and strategic. After years of development, China US relations have a considerable thickness and depth. In terms of economic and trade relations alone, the bilateral trade volume between China and the United States increased from US $2.5 billion in 1979 to US $633.5 billion in 2018, an increase of 252 times. Facts have proved that China US relations are driven by common interests. However, China US relations have changed dramatically in recent years. The United States believes that the two sides have changed from interdependence to competitive coexistence, from cooperative pressure to limited decoupling and the cold war of science and technology, and from Asia Pacific strategy to India Pacific strategy. Therefore, it is necessary to look at these complex changes in China US relations from the height and depth of history, so as to find the right direction for future development

in fact, China US relations still bear huge common interests, but the United States believes that such common interests must give way to the national interests of the United States. At present, the common interests of the two countries and their respective national interests are more intertwined and overlapped, and the common interests account for a large proportion. The United States should not sacrifice or reduce the common interests in order to obtain more interests for itself

historically, China US relations are indeed win-win. If the benefits of win-win are not equal, both sides can discuss, but we must adhere to the principle of win-win, because only win-win can realize the common profits of both sides. If we just want to win alone, there will be no winner. Although the differences cannot be completely eliminated, the two sides need to reduce misunderstandings that may be costly

East West Q. Wang Fan: how to rationally view the video meeting between Chinese and American leaders?

China US relations are the cornerstone of global stability

from the overall situation of global stability, China US relations are the cornerstone of global stability. The overall stability of the world is conducive to China and the United States. Both countries are highly internationalized and an important part of the global industrial chain. World turbulence will cause varying degrees of political and economic harm to both countries, and even endanger their existing national image and international position. If the dispute between China and the United States is out of control, or even a direct economic conflict occurs, there will be no winner between the two countries. The overall stability of China and the United States is of global significance, and the emergence of uncertain factors should be prevented

at the same time, China US relations should be viewed from the perspective of common threats. China and the United States have reached a high degree of consensus on non-traditional security issues such as counter-terrorism. As a common threat to all countries, non-traditional security is more urgent and challenging than national threats. For example, the threat posed by COVID-19 to countries is much higher than that of war. The United States mistakenly regards China as the greatest threat, believes that China intends to replace American hegemony, and ignores and changes the basis of China US strategic cooperation. China has no intention of replacing the United States. The two sides should solve their own development problems and promote common progress. At the same time, they should carry out multi-level cooperation with other countries to jointly deal with the non-traditional threats that pose the greatest challenges to all mankind. China and the United States have reached important consensus on climate change, which shows that although there are many differences between China and the United States, the two sides can still achieve win-win cooperation. China US cooperation is conducive to solving many major crises, and China US conflicts will have a great adverse international impact

East West Q. Wang Fan: how to rationally view the video meeting between Chinese and American leaders?(1)

the United States will lose more than it gains if it fully confronts China

looking back on the Sino US trade war, the United States has made many mistakes and suffered great losses. According to a study by Oxford economic consulting, from 2018 to 2019, the cost of the U.S. trade war was about 0.5% of its GDP, about 245000 jobs and $88 billion in real household income. According to the report of Moody’s investor services, the tariffs implemented by the United States during the trade war with China hit American enterprises and local consumers the most. For Chinese goods whose tariffs were raised to 20% to the United States, about 95% of the increased tariffs were finally paid by American consumers

in 2020, the United States still exported 124 billion US dollars of goods to China and imported 434 billion US dollars of goods from China. Campbell, the White House India Pacific Affairs coordinator, also said that the scale and complexity of Sino US trade relations have not been paid enough attention. “Comparing the current situation to the cold war, it is better to cover up the facts rather than clarify the problems.”

the United States will lose more than gain if it fully confronts China without cooperation. The United States does not want to pay too much cost. At the same time, it says it is ready to compete fiercely with China, but it does not want to have an open conflict, and is eager to cooperate in areas where the interests of the two countries are consistent. To avoid open conflict, it is necessary to manage and control differences and crises. Therefore, Sullivan, assistant to the president for national security affairs, recently said that the United States no longer seeks to change China’s system and wants to coexist with China. This is one of the reasons why the United States took the initiative to express its desire to negotiate with China

at the same time, the United States also has a basic judgment on China, that is, China cannot become the only “unipolar”, nor will there be the internal disintegration they expect. China emphasizes integration and improvement of the existing international system rather than proposing alternatives

the United States is also facing difficulties. Not only has it not yet got rid of the epidemic crisis, political polarization and ethnic differentiation are also continuing, domestic politics is weak, and Biden’s support rate has reached a new low. Its cooperation with China on major international issues, including climate change, nuclear non-proliferation and energy security, is likely to bring some positive progress

cooperation is the only correct choice between China and the United States

in recent years, China’s diplomacy has actively promoted and fought for the turnaround of China US relations in a rational and beneficial manner, so that the United States has to face up to and get along with China on an equal footing. Although both sides are still looking for ways to run in, they both believe that effective exploration must be carried out

from China’s strategic perspective, China US relations have always been highly valued. China and the United States are both permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, the world’s top two large economies with a total GDP of more than US $100 billion, and bear important responsibilities for world development. China and the United States share common interests in a wide range of areas, and their common points far outweigh their differences. As president Xi Jinping said, “the earth is big enough to allow China and the United States to develop individually and jointly.” the two sides should actively promote cooperation between the two armies, law enforcement, drug control, humanities and local cooperation, and maintain close communication and coordination on major international and regional issues. The two sides should face each other, respect each other, focus on cooperation, deal with sensitive issues in a constructive manner, respect each other’s core interests and major concerns, and maintain the healthy and stable development momentum of China US relations</ P>

President Xi Jinping stressed that the world is not peaceful. China and the United States should work together with the international community to safeguard world peace, promote global development and maintain a just and rational international order. Maintaining the long-term, healthy and stable development of China US relations is in the interests of China, the United States and all countries in the world. A healthy and stable development of China US relations is not only in the fundamental interests of the two peoples, but also the common expectation of the international community. For China and the United States, cooperation is the only right choice, and win-win can lead to a better future

China and the United States are the largest developing country and the largest developed country. Neither China nor the United States can be separated from the other, neither can change the other, nor can replace the other. China and the United States can and must borrow from each other and achieve mutual success. Peaceful coexistence, mutual benefit and win-win results are the only option. The differences or contradictions between China and the United States are not a struggle for power, status or social system, but whether to adhere to multilateralism or unilateralism and advocate win-win cooperation or zero sum game. This is the essence of the problems facing China US relations

only when the United States stops regarding China as a threat and opponent, stops encircling and suppressing China, stops smearing and attacking China and damaging China’s sovereignty, security and development interests, can bilateral relations return to the correct and healthy track. One of the preconditions here is that the United States should respect China’s right and reasonable rights and interests to develop along the path it has chosen. On the one hand, the United States cannot deliberately curb and suppress China and damage China’s legitimate rights and interests; On the other hand, we expect China’s support and cooperation. I hope the United States can stand on the right side of history. (end)

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Wang Fan, vice president, second-class professor and doctoral director of the school of foreign affairs, Beijing famous teaching teacher (2009), distinguished professor of first-class discipline excellence, head of postdoctoral workstation and guiding professor of the school of foreign affairs. Vice president of China Society of International Relations (national first level society), vice president of China American Society (national first level society), and winner of special allowance of the State Council

Wang Fan graduated from Peking University, School of international relations and School of foreign affairs with Bachelor of Arts, master of law and doctor of law. Main research interests: China’s diplomacy, China US relations, international security and great power security strategy, etc. Presided over a number of major projects of the State Social Sciences, the Ministry of education and Beijing