2021-11-01

East West question | He Chuanqi: will the great cycle of space civilization begin?

By yqqlm yqqlm

(East West question) He Chuanqi: will the great cycle of space civilization begin

China News Agency, Beijing, November 1 – question: will the great cycle of space civilization begin

— an exclusive interview with He Chuanqi, director of China modernization research center, Chinese Academy of Sciences

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since its birth, mankind has gone through primitive culture, agricultural civilization, industrial civilization and knowledge civilization. What new civilization will it move towards in the future? This issue has attracted much attention and triggered a lot of research and discussion

researcher He Chuanqi, director of the China modernization research center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and co chairman of the world modernization forum, said in an exclusive interview with China News Agency “dongxiwen” a few days ago that human civilization will enter the gestation period of a new civilization, a new space civilization cycle will start, and its starting point may be Aerospace civilization

East West question | He Chuanqi: will the great cycle of space civilization begin?

four types and four times of human civilization

He Chuanqi said that at present, scholars generally believe that human beings were born about 2.5 million years ago, civilization was born about 3500 BC, and modernization started about the 18th century, However, there is no unified definition of civilization and modernization

he said that civilization is not only an advanced stage of human development, but also the sum of human development achievements since 3500 BC; Modernization is not only a profound change of human civilization since the 18th century, a paradigm shift from traditional civilization to modern civilization, but also a world phenomenon. It is the behavior and process of different countries to catch up with, achieve and maintain the world cutting-edge level of human development

the structure of human civilization roughly includes internal, external and historical structures. Generally speaking, the internal structure is related to the connotation of civilization, including material civilization, non-material civilization and cross material civilization – non-material civilization with material as the carrier; The external structure is related to the extension of civilization, which involves not only all fields and aspects of human development, but also the culture and civilization of different countries and nationalities; The historical structure is related to the types of civilization. There are many types of civilization

according to the development level and periodicity of core elements (productivity and labor structure), human civilization can be divided into four types: primitive culture, agricultural civilization, industrial civilization and knowledge civilization. On this basis, the historical stage of human civilization can be divided into four stages: tool age, agricultural age, industrial age and knowledge age. Its social stage can be divided into four stages: primitive society, agricultural society, industrial society and knowledge society

He Chuanqi pointed out that the main stages of human civilization can be divided on the basis of major civilization events. There have been four far-reaching revolutions in human history, namely tool manufacturing revolution, agricultural revolution, industrial revolution and knowledge revolution (including information and ecological revolution). These four revolutions have led to four shifts in the process of human development: the first is from the animal world to human society, and the second is from the tool age to the agricultural age, The third is the transfer from the agricultural age to the industrial age, and the fourth is the transfer from the industrial age to the knowledge age. “It can be seen that from the birth of mankind to the end of the 21st century, the frontier process of human civilization and world history can be roughly divided into four times: tool age, agricultural age, industrial age and knowledge age. This division is basically consistent with the four stages of the historical and social stages of human civilization”

East West question | He Chuanqi: will the great cycle of space civilization begin?(1)

space travel and immigration may be realized from 2050 to 2100

He Chuanqi said that since the birth of mankind, each era has experienced four stages of development: start, development, maturity and transition from the tool age, the agricultural age, the industrial age to the knowledge age, And form four development cycles of the process of human civilization: primitive culture cycle, agricultural civilization cycle, industrial civilization cycle and knowledge civilization cycle. “If human civilization is regarded as an organic whole, from the birth of mankind to the end of the 21st century, the frontier process of human civilization includes four development cycles and 16 development stages”

the tool age is a historical period from the birth of mankind to the birth of civilization, about 2.5 million years ago to 3500 BC. The initial stage is the early Paleolithic age, which is the time when “capable man” and Homo erectus lived; The development stage is the Middle Paleolithic period, the age of Homo sapiens; The mature stage is the late Paleolithic period, and modern people appeared; The transitional stage was the Neolithic period, during which the primitive agricultural revolution took place, and human beings transitioned from food gatherers to food producers

the agricultural age is a historical period between the birth of civilization and the industrial revolution, about 3500 BC to 1760 ad. From 3500 BC to 500 BC, cities and countries appeared in the period of ancient civilization; The development stage was about 500 BC to 500 AD, during the period of classical civilization, science and religion were born; The mature stage is about AD 500-1500, the prosperous stage of Oriental civilization and the medieval civilization of Europe; The transition period was about 1500 to 1760. During the Enlightenment of modern civilization, a scientific revolution took place in Europe

the industrial age is a historical period from the industrial revolution to the pre knowledge revolution, roughly from 1760 to 1970. The initial stage was about 1760-1870, mechanization and urbanization; The development stage was about 1870-1914, electrification and democratization; The mature stage was about 1914-1945, the family was mechanized and electrified, and the industrial civilization entered the family; The transition period was about 1945-1970, automation and social welfare

the knowledge age is a historical period from the knowledge revolution to the end of the 21st century, about 1970 to 2100. The initial stage was about 1970-1992, information revolution and high technology; The development stage is from 1992 to 2020, networking and intellectualization; Mature stage: from 2020 to 2050, human body regeneration and bionics; The transition period is about 2050 to 2100, space travel and immigration

He Chuanqi also reminded that due to the uncertainty of the future, the current time and characteristics of the mature and transition stage of the knowledge age are only a prediction, which needs further research

East West question | He Chuanqi: will the great cycle of space civilization begin?(2)

a new space civilization cycle of human development will open

He Chuanqi believes that the development of human civilization has a cycle, and the development cycle is accelerating. The time span of the tool age is about 2.5 million years, the agricultural age is about 5200 years, and the industrial age is about 200 years, The knowledge age is expected to last about 100 years. At the same time, the center of human civilization also shifted periodically. Previously, the transfer direction was roughly from Africa, Asia, Western Europe to North America

the scholar who put forward the second modernization theory in the world said that from the birth of mankind to the end of the 21st century, the process of human civilization has a total of 4 development cycles and 16 development stages. Among them, the transformation from agricultural civilization to industrial civilization, from agricultural economy to industrial economy, and from agricultural society to industrial society is the first modernization, from industrial civilization to knowledge civilization The transformation from industrial economy to knowledge economy and from industrial society to knowledge society is the second modernization. There will be new changes in the 22nd century

he pointed out that if the civilization cycle of different countries is a “small cycle” and the civilization cycle of the four times of human civilization is a “medium cycle”, there may be a “big cycle” – the four times of human civilization form a big cycle, that is, the big cycle of earth civilization

among them, the tool age is the incubation period of civilization, the agricultural age is the starting period, the industrial age is the development period, and the knowledge age is the mature period. Since then, human civilization will enter a transitional period, that is, the incubation period of new civilization, and a new “big cycle” will start

“in the 21st century, a large cycle of earth civilization is about to mature, a large cycle of space civilization may be in the process of breeding, and the starting point may be space civilization,” He Chuanqi said. (end)

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He Chuanqi is currently the director of the China modernization research center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the leader and researcher of the China modernization strategy research group, the professor of the school of public policy and management of the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the co chairman of the world modernization forum, Academician of the International Eurasian Academy of Sciences

He Chuanqi was the first scholar in the world to put forward the theory of the second modernization and published the academic monograph of the second modernization. Since 1985, he has published more than 100 academic papers and more than 40 academic works, including 6 in English

since 2001, the team led by He Chuanqi has continuously completed and launched 20 annual reports of China modernization report 2001 – China modernization report 2021, which has a wide impact at home and abroad