Winter Olympics small class: snowmobile “sleigh with rudder” on the ice path

By yqqlm yqqlm

The “steered sledge” on the snowmobile ice path in the Winter Olympic small classroom of Beijing Winter Olympic Games has a total of 4 gold medals

571438171 - Winter Olympics small class: snowmobile "sleigh with rudder" on the ice path

snowmobile, also known as “steered sleigh”, is a sport of collective sliding on the ice path by taking a directional sleigh. There are two teams for each country and region in the Winter Olympic Games. Men’s 2-seater and 4-seater race for 4 rounds, and the score is calculated based on the accumulated time of 4 rounds of taxiing. The one with less time ranks first. Two rounds of women’s 2-seater competition shall be calculated based on the accumulated time of two rounds of taxiing. Men’s 2-seat and 4-seat competitions are two days, and women’s 2-seat competitions are one day. Before the competition, each team has 3 days of trial skiing, and each team has 6 times of skiing opportunities

snowmobile (sleigh with rudder) originated in Switzerland and developed from sleigh without rudder. At first, a boy named Bob in St. Moritz impromptu put two rudderless sleigh together in front and back and galloped down the mountain. This initiative immediately aroused the interest of onlookers. In 1888, after more than two months of research and design, a mechanic named Mattis in St. Moritz produced a long sled with a wooden frame structure equipped with a rudder. Therefore, people call this kind of sleigh rudder sleigh

Matisse’s sleigh was popularized immediately after it was displayed. As a result, the rudder sledge was carried out rapidly and became an important activity for St. Moritz to receive tourists

in 1897, the first steered sled club was founded in St. Moritz. In 1903, St. Moritz built the first artificial steered sled line. In November 1923, the International Federation of steered sleigh and flat bottom sleigh was founded in Paris, France. In 1928, in order to promote the development of steered sleigh, the International Federation of steered sleigh and flat bottom sleigh decided to hold the world steered sleigh championship from 1930, and recognized the first Winter Olympic Games in 1924 and the second Winter Olympic Games in 1928 as the first World Championship and the second world championship. By 1988, the sliding speed of snowmobile had increased from 50 km / h in the early 1920s to 143 km / h. Snowmobile attracts more and more athletes with its unique sports form and excitement

before 1980s, snowmobile was regarded as a male sport. In the 1990s, this restricted area was broken by athletes from Germany, the United States, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Italy and other countries, and developed rapidly. The highest organization of snowmobile is the international snowmobile Federation, which was founded in Paris, France on November 23, 1923

it was listed as a Winter Olympic project in 1924

snowmobile has been listed as a Winter Olympic project since the 1924 Chamonix Winter Olympic Games in France. It was originally 4 seats, changed to 5 seats in 1928 Winter Olympic Games, and restored to 4 seats and increased by 2 seats in 1932 Lake Placid Winter Olympic Games in the United States. In 1998, in view of the development of women’s snowmobile, the International Olympic Committee decided to include women’s two seats in the Winter Olympic Games, so it became an official event in the 2002 Salt Lake City Winter Olympic Games. In July 2018, the International Olympic Committee announced that a new women’s single snowmobile competition will be added at the 2022 Winter Olympic Games in Beijing

there are four events in the snowmobile project of Beijing 2022 Winter Olympic Games, namely men’s double, men’s four, women’s single and women’s double. There will be four gold medals

Competition Venue: Yanqing national snowmobile and sled center

competition time: February 13-20, and the gold medals will be produced on February 14, 15, 19 and 20

in 2015, the first Chinese snowmobile national team was established. At the 2018 Winter Olympic Games in Pyeongchang, South Korea, the Chinese snow team composed of Shao Yijun, Wang Sidong, Li Chunjian and Shi Hao achieved the first show of the Chinese team in the Olympic Games. They won the 26th place in the men’s four person snowmobile project

this group’s article / our reporter Liu Ailin